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News Release: Sales of U.S. Tourism Industries

The tables in this release are available in an XLS spreadsheet and the entire release is available in PDF format.
Additional background information is also available.


FOR WIRE TRANSMISSION: 10:30 A.M. EDT, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2003
Peter Kuhbach:	(202)	606-5584	       		           		BEA 03-35
Stephen Gross:		606-5584
E-mail inquiries:	industrysatellites@bea.gov


			SALES OF U.S. TOURISM INDUSTRIES:  SECOND QUARTER 2003

Total U.S. tourism industry sales increased 3.0 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rate) to $712.9 billion in the second quarter of 2003, 
according to preliminary estimates by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.  Total tourism sales are now 7.8 percent higher than their 
fourth quarter 2001 trough of $661.6 billion, but remain 5.1 percent below their pre-September 11, 2001 peak of $751.3 billion.  In the first 
quarter of 2003, revised total tourism industry sales show a decrease of 3.3 percent, 0.1 percentage point lower than BEA's June estimate.
	
Direct tourism industry sales increased $2.9 billion to $382.2 billion, which is 3.5 percent of current dollar GDP.  Direct tourism sales are 
sales by tourism industries to out-of-town visitors.  Examples are sales by airlines and restaurants to leisure and business travelers.  
Direct sales of hotel and lodging places grew 5.6 percent in the second quarter to $111.3 billion, and sales of eating and drinking places 
grew 7.9 to $66.1 billion.  Partly offsetting these increases was a decrease in air transportation of 4.7 percent to $88.2 billion.

Indirect tourism industry sales increased $2.3 billion to $330.7 billion.  Indirect tourism sales are sales to tourism industries by the chain 
of industries that supply them.  Examples are sales of fuel to airlines and oil to the fuel refineries supplying the airlines, and sales of 
bread to restaurants and grain to the food-processing industries supplying the restaurants.



Tourism industries are those identified in BEA's Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts (TTSA) as industries whose primary products 
are typically purchased by out-of-town visitors.  Visitors are people whose travel for pleasure or business takes them 50 miles or more 
away from home, or outside of their usual environment.  The definitions, framework, and estimating methods used for the U.S. TTSA's 
follow, as closely as practicable, the guidelines for similar accounts that were developed by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) 
and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

BEA's estimates of U.S. tourism industry sales include figures for both direct and indirect sales.  Direct tourism sales are sales by tourism 
industries to out-of-town visitors.  Indirect tourism sales are sales to tourism industries by the chain of industries that supply them.  
Indirect sales were estimated using industry-by-industry total requirements coefficients from BEA's input-output accounts. 

Further information on BEA's TTSA and analyses of previous quarters are available on BEA's Web site.  Go to <www.bea.gov>, and 
below the "Industry" heading click on "Travel and Tourism."  With the support of the U.S. Department of Commerce's International 
Trade Administration, BEA's first TTSA's were published in the July 1998 Survey of Current Business.  In late 2001, BEA began 
producing prototype quarterly estimates of tourism industry sales.  BEA is now publishing these estimates on a regular basis, 
approximately two weeks following the release of BEA's preliminary estimates of GDP. 



	BEA's major national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases 
	are available without charge on BEA's Web site:                      
	
	             	     <www.bea.gov>

	Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

                                    (202)  606-5306   Gross domestic product
                                           606-5303   Personal income and outlays
                                           606-5362   U.S. international transactions

	Most of BEA's estimates and analyses appear in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal.  Subscriptions and 
	single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office.  Internet: 
	<bookstore.gpo.gov>; phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.

                               		*          *          *

	Next release - Sales of U.S. Tourism Industries for Third Quarter 2003 will be released on December 10, 2003 at 10:30 A.M. EDT.  

 

Table 1. -- Direct Tourism-related Sales of Tourism Industries
Percent Change from Preceding Period
                     
      Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
Tourism Industry Y2001 Y2002 Q2001: III Q2001: IV Q2002: I Q2002: II Q2002: III Q2002: IV Q2003: I Q2003: II
                     
Hotels and lodging places -4.6 1.1 -23.5 -13.5 27.4 16.2 -7.2 -3.0 -1.6 5.6
Eating and drinking places 4.4 5.4 2.2 3.3 14.3 2.4 -0.3 10.9 7.3 7.9
Railroads and related services 8.0 1.0 6.0 32.7 5.5 -8.3 -31.4 -3.6 6.6 2.8
Local and bus passenger transit -6.6 -7.5 -5.1 -13.6 -4.5 -6.6 -8.3 -5.7 -9.8 -2.7
Taxicabs 2.9 3.4 5.4 2.6 2.6 5.2 2.0 2.1 4.0 26.5
Air transportation -13.1 -10.1 -46.7 -44.6 53.5 8.0 -21.2 22.4 -18.5 -4.7
Water transportation 7.7 8.1 5.1 10.6 5.2 10.0 8.8 10.0 11.6 10.0
Automotive rental and leasing 1.6 9.0 -18.6 3.8 39.9 13.7 8.9 -16.6 -1.4 4.3
Travel agency services -8.5 -9.5 -4.5 -14.7 -9.2 -4.4 -13.4 -10.1 -9.4 -0.5
Amusement and recreation services 6.5 3.7 -0.8 -0.9 3.6 7.2 9.4 5.0 6.2 10.2
Membership sports and recreation clubs 3.1 2.8 5.0 3.3 3.4 2.1 0.5 -0.2 5.4 -3.8
Motion pictures and other entertainment 9.5 7.1 -9.0 57.8 -13.9 20.4 -31.2 74.7 -37.1 19.4
Professional sports clubs and promoters 6.4 5.4 -28.9 54.5 -7.4 8.0 8.2 -1.1 0.4 0.0
Gasoline service stations -1.4 -2.2 -24.4 -42.9 0.3 62.7 7.1 9.9 70.8 -28.9
Retail excluding restaurants and gas stations 3.8 3.8 2.5 5.0 7.4 0.6 1.6 4.9 6.7 0.7
                     
All tourism industries -3.7 -0.3 -22.9 -15.5 24.8 9.2 -7.5 6.8 -3.6 3.1

 

Table 2. -- Direct Tourism-related Sales of Tourism Industries
[Billions of dollars]
                         
        Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
Tourism Industry Y2000 Y2001 Y2002 Q2001: II Q2001: III Q2001: IV Q2002: I Q2002: II Q2002: III Q2002: IV Q2003: I Q2003: II
                         
Hotels and lodging places 115.0 109.7 110.9 113.8 106.4 102.6 109.1 113.2 111.1 110.3 109.8 111.3
Eating and drinking places 56.7 59.2 62.5 59.0 59.3 59.8 61.8 62.2 62.1 63.7 64.9 66.1
Railroads and related services 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Local and bus passenger transit 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Taxicabs 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.3
Air transportation 118.8 103.2 92.8 113.4 96.9 83.6 93.0 94.8 89.3 94.0 89.3 88.2
Water transportation 7.8 8.4 9.0 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.7 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.6 9.8
Automotive rental and leasing 21.3 21.6 23.5 22.0 20.9 21.1 23.0 23.7 24.3 23.2 23.1 23.3
Travel agency services 4.6 4.2 3.8 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5
Amusement and recreation services 15.2 16.2 16.8 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.6 17.0 17.2 17.4 17.9
Membership sports and recreation clubs 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Motion pictures and other entertainment 7.1 7.8 8.3 7.7 7.5 8.4 8.1 8.5 7.8 8.9 8.0 8.3
Professional sports clubs and promoters 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Gasoline service stations 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.2 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.8 3.5
Retail excluding restaurants and gas stations 29.6 30.7 31.9 30.5 30.7 31.1 31.7 31.7 31.8 32.2 32.7 32.8
                         
All tourism industries 395.7 381.0 379.7 395.5 370.6 355.3 375.5 383.9 376.6 382.8 379.3 382.2

 

Table 3. -- Total (Direct & Indirect) Tourism-related Sales of Tourism Industries
[Billions of dollars]
                         
        Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
Tourism Industry Y2000 Y2001 Y2002 Q2001: II Q2001: III Q2001: IV Q2002: I Q2002: II Q2002: III Q2002: IV Q2003: I Q2003: II
                         
Hotels and lodging places 205.8 196.4 198.5 203.7 190.5 183.7 195.2 202.7 198.9 197.4 196.6 199.3
Eating and drinking places 116.8 122.0 128.7 121.4 122.1 123.1 127.3 128.1 128.0 131.3 133.6 136.2
Railroads and related services 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Local and bus passenger transit 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Taxicabs 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.4
Air transportation 224.6 195.0 175.4 214.3 183.1 157.9 175.8 179.2 168.9 177.6 168.8 166.8
Water transportation 16.6 17.9 19.3 17.7 18.0 18.4 18.7 19.1 19.5 20.0 20.5 21.0
Automotive rental and leasing 42.1 42.8 46.6 43.6 41.5 41.9 45.5 47.0 48.0 45.9 45.7 46.2
Travel agency services 8.0 7.3 6.7 7.4 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.2
Amusement and recreation services 26.6 28.3 29.4 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.6 29.1 29.7 30.1 30.5 31.3
Membership sports and recreation clubs 10.3 10.6 10.9 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.1 11.0
Motion pictures and other entertainment 12.5 13.6 14.6 13.5 13.2 14.8 14.2 14.9 13.6 15.6 13.9 14.5
Professional sports clubs and promoters 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Gasoline service stations 9.1 9.0 8.8 9.7 9.1 7.9 7.9 8.9 9.1 9.3 10.6 9.7
Retail excluding restaurants and gas stations 46.2 47.9 49.7 47.6 47.9 48.5 49.4 49.5 49.7 50.3 51.1 51.2
                         
All tourism industries 737.2 709.9 707.6 737.1 690.5 661.6 699.5 715.4 701.9 713.7 707.7 712.9
Percent change at annual rate   -3.7 -0.3   -23.0 -15.7 25.0 9.4 -7.4 6.9 -3.3 3.0