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News Release: U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts

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EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2007

Technical: Paul Kern:
(202) 606-9596
 
BEA 07-28
  Sarah Mattingly: 606-9286    
Media: Ralph Stewart: 606-9690    
E-mail inquiries: industrysatellites@bea.gov    

REAL DIRECT TOURISM OUTPUT GREW 2.3 PERCENT IN FIRST QUARTER 2007

Real direct tourism output increased at an annual rate of 2.3 percent in the first quarter of 2007, according to data released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real direct tourism output increased 7.4 percent (revised). Growth in transportation output remained strong in the first quarter; growth decelerated in the three other broad tourism output categories. By comparison, real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an annual rate of 0.6 percent (preliminary) in the first quarter of 2007 and 2.5 percent (final) in the fourth quarter of 2006.

Chart showing Real Direct Tourism Output for Quarter 1 2002 through Quarter 1 2007

Direct tourism employment rose a strong 2.8 percent in the fourth quarter of 2006 (the most recent period for which data are available), after growing 1.0 percent in the third quarter of 2006. The fourth quarter acceleration was widespread. By comparison, overall U.S. employment grew 1.5 percent in the fourth quarter and 1.6 percent in the third quarter of 2006.

Other highlights from this release include:

Components of Real Direct Tourism Output.
In the first quarter of 2007, passenger air transportation grew 3.1 percent while traveler accommodations rose 2.9 percent. In the fourth quarter of 2006, passenger air transportation grew 6.3 percent while traveler accommodations rose 16.6 percent.
Chart showing Quarterly Growth in Real Direct Tourism Output for Quarter 1 2006 through Quarter 1 2007
Component Prices of Direct Tourism Output.
Prices for traveler accommodations increased 2.9 percent in the first quarter of 2007, the sixth straight quarter of price growth. Prices for passenger air transportation increased just 0.1 percent in the first quarter of 2007. In the fourth quarter, passenger air transportation prices declined at an annual rate of 8.3 percent.
Chart showing Quarterly Growth in Prices for Direct Tourism Output for Quarter 1 2006 through Quarter 1 2007
Components of Direct Tourism Employment.
Employment in the traveler accommodations industry grew 4.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2006 (the latest period for which data are available). This is the largest increase since the fourth quarter of 1999 and the fourth continuous quarter of growth in employment in this industry. Employment in the air transportation services industry turned up, increasing 1.0 percent in the fourth quarter of 2006 following seven straight quarters of decline.
Chart showing Quarterly Growth in Direct Tourism Employment for Quarter 1 2006 through Quarter 1 2007

Total Tourism-Related Output. In the first quarter of 2007, total current-dollar tourism-related output of $1.3 trillion consisted of $717.9 billion of direct tourism output – output of goods and services sold directly to visitors and $546.4 billion of indirect tourism-related output – output of goods and services used to produce what visitors buy.

Total Tourism-Related Employment. In the fourth quarter of 2006 (the most recent period for which data are available), total tourism-related employment of 8.6 million consisted of 5.9 million direct tourism jobs – jobs where workers produce goods and services sold directly to visitors and 2.7 million indirect tourism-related jobs – jobs where workers produce goods and services used to produce what visitors buy.

The estimates released today reflect the annual revision to the Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts. All estimates beginning with the first quarter of 1998 are updated and revised to incorporate newly available source data and the following three improvements:

  • The coverage of traveler accommodations has been broadened to include the value of vacation home rentals.
  • The methodology used to estimate the consumption of gasoline by travel and tourism activity has been improved.
  • The treatment of commissions on foreign (inbound) travel and tourism has been made consistent with the treatment of
    commissions on outbound travel and tourism.

For more information see the June 2007 Survey of Current Business, Paul V. Kern and Edward A. Kocis, “U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts For 1998-2006.”

Definitions

Direct tourism output. Direct tourism output comprises all output consumed by visitors (e.g., traveler accommodations, passenger air transportation, souvenirs).

Indirect tourism-related output. Indirect tourism-related output comprises all output used as inputs in the process of producing direct tourism output (e.g., toiletries for hotel guests, the various ingredients used to make the meals served airline passengers, and the plastic used to produce souvenir key chains). Indirect tourism-related output is estimated using commodity-by-commodity output multipliers from the Current Industry Analysis Division.

Total tourism-related output. Total tourism-related output is the sum of direct tourism output and indirect tourism-related output.

Direct tourism employment. Direct tourism employment comprises all jobs where the workers are engaged in the production of direct tourism output (e.g., hotel staff, airline pilots, and souvenir sellers).

Indirect tourism-related employment. Indirect tourism-related employment comprises all jobs where the workers are engaged in the production of indirect tourism-related output (e.g., employees of companies that produce toiletries for hotel guests, the various ingredients used to make the meals served airline passengers, and the plastic used to produce souvenir key chains). Indirect tourism-related employment is estimated using industry-by-industry employment multipliers from the Regional Economic Analysis Division.

Total tourism-related employment. Total tourism-related employment is the sum of direct tourism employment and indirect tourism-related employment.

These estimates are from the Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts (TTSAs), which are supported by funding from the Office of Travel and Tourism Industries, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. The current-price estimates of direct tourism output were derived from BEA’s annual TTSAs (revised in June 2007) and current-dollar quarterly estimates of personal consumption expenditures from the NIPAs. The constant-price estimates of direct tourism output were developed using price indexes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and constant-price quarterly estimates of personal consumption expenditures from the NIPAs. The estimates of direct tourism employment were derived from the annual TTSAs (revised in June 2007) and the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from BLS. Employment data are available five to six months after the end of the reference quarter.

Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise specified. Percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and annualized. “Real” estimates are in chained (2000) dollars. Price indexes are chain-type measures. Growth in overall U.S. employment is calculated using BLS Total nonfarm employment from Current Employment Statistics, www.bls.gov/ces/home.htm#data.

*          *          *

Next release – Travel and Tourism estimates for second quarter 2007 will be released on Monday, September 24, 2007 at 8:30 a.m. EDT. 

BEA’s national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA’s Web site at www.bea.gov.  By visiting the site, you can also subscribe to receive free e-mail summaries of BEA releases and announcements.

Table 1.a.  Percent Change in Real Tourism Output 
[Percent change from preceding period]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group   Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations -8.2 2.0 3.4 4.1 2.2 2.8 13.6 -1.7 0.2 0.8 -1.3 5.8 8.6 5.1 1.1 -1.1 -4.3 16.6 2.9
Transportation -4.1 -0.5 0.8 6.1 3.3 0.8 10.7 7.1 -2.0 4.9 9.7 2.6 -3.5 -3.4 2.4 6.1 -2.2 4.1 4.3
Passenger air transportation -9.2 -1.9 3.3 9.1 5.3 1.3 16.5 9.6 -2.9 8.7 13.0 8.0 -3.4 -10.0 9.8 11.7 -11.8 6.3 3.1
All other transportation-related commodities -0.1 0.5 -0.8 4.1 1.9 0.4 6.9 5.5 -1.4 2.4 7.2 -0.5 -3.3 1.1 -2.1 2.7 4.4 2.7 5.1
Food services and drinking places -2.2 1.5 4.4 5.1 4.9 4.7 5.5 1.7 3.7 6.9 3.3 7.5 2.9 6.7 11.0 -3.6 1.0 9.9 -2.0
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping -4.8 1.6 5.4 7.3 1.7 3.1 11.4 4.9 4.9 1.9 -0.1 0.8 1.1 3.2 6.6 0.7 2.1 5.3 1.6
Recreation and entertainment -1.5 4.5 5.5 5.2 0.8 2.9 7.6 3.1 3.0 -1.9 2.6 -0.9 -0.5 3.8 8.2 -2.0 3.3 4.8 -2.4
Shopping -7.1 -0.6 5.3 9.0 2.4 3.3 14.5 6.3 6.4 4.9 -2.1 2.2 2.3 2.7 5.3 2.9 1.1 5.6 4.9
                                     
All tourism goods and services -4.7 0.8 3.1 5.9 2.9 2.5 10.5 4.0 1.2 3.6 3.5 3.8 1.1 1.6 4.7 1.7 -0.9 7.4 2.3
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

Table 1.b.  Real Tourism Output
[Millions of chained (2000) dollars]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group   Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations 89,131 90,897 93,952 97,786 99,902 102,712 98,035 97,610 97,650 97,849 97,520 98,894 100,964 102,227 102,500 102,205 101,095 105,049 105,801
Transportation 210,105 209,083 210,818 223,705 231,008 232,743 220,731 224,568 223,426 226,095 231,403 232,918 230,847 228,863 230,221 233,663 232,381 234,706 237,185
Passenger air transportation 88,731 87,020 89,900 98,104 103,320 104,686 96,279 98,507 97,780 99,848 102,935 104,939 104,044 101,350 103,750 106,668 103,367 104,957 105,762
All other transportation-related commodities 121,195 121,791 120,848 125,810 128,230 128,802 124,581 126,269 125,817 126,573 128,794 128,642 127,560 127,924 127,263 128,103 129,491 130,351 131,969
Food services and drinking places 81,812 83,015 86,680 91,116 95,543 100,079 90,034 90,417 91,235 92,779 93,531 95,233 95,920 97,487 100,054 99,139 99,377 101,747 101,232
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping 140,011 142,182 149,878 160,838 163,580 168,689 158,260 160,158 162,086 162,846 162,792 163,125 163,560 164,849 167,492 167,787 168,653 170,824 171,523
Recreation and entertainment 58,210 60,835 64,206 67,526 68,089 70,068 66,974 67,488 67,985 67,659 68,087 67,930 67,853 68,490 69,848 69,491 70,057 70,876 70,456
Shopping 81,784 81,290 85,616 93,335 95,556 98,700 91,276 92,677 94,128 95,258 94,744 95,257 95,791 96,435 97,696 98,394 98,673 100,035 101,228
                                       
All tourism goods and services 521,226 525,313 541,835 573,955 590,482 605,150 567,587 573,180 574,951 580,103 585,064 590,487 592,039 594,338 601,186 603,721 602,429 613,264 616,687
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

 

Table 1.c.  Percent Changes in Chain-Type Price Indexes for Direct Tourism Output 
[Percent change from preceding period]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group             Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations 2.0 -0.8 1.6 5.8 5.0 4.6 0.6 12.3 6.2 6.0 9.3 0.1 -3.8 10.1 7.8 3.4 3.1 3.5 2.9
Transportation -2.3 -3.2 4.7 2.7 6.2 6.9 4.3 2.7 -0.4 7.8 -1.6 12.5 22.2 3.2 0.2 21.8 1.7 -17.6 3.1
Passenger air transportation -4.4 -5.8 3.4 -1.1 2.9 5.2 -4.6 -6.7 -3.3 4.1 -1.6 12.0 4.3 11.6 -2.9 16.8 1.0 -8.3 0.1
All other transportation-related commodities -0.7 -1.5 5.6 5.4 8.5 8.0 10.9 9.5 1.6 10.3 -1.7 12.8 35.5 -1.7 2.1 25.1 2.1 -22.9 5.1
Food services and drinking places 3.2 2.7 2.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.1 3.9 2.6 3.7 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.7 4.2
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping 2.5 1.5 1.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 3.1 2.7 1.4 2.7 1.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 1.9 2.7 2.0 1.0 3.7
Recreation and entertainment 3.4 2.4 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.1 4.6 2.4 2.2 3.6 3.5 3.6 4.5 3.1 2.0 3.6 3.2 1.4 4.1
Shopping 1.8 0.8 0.5 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.8 0.8 2.0 0.7 2.1 1.3 2.2 1.8 2.1 1.1 0.8 3.4
                                     
All tourism goods and services 0.5 -0.5 2.8 3.1 4.4 4.6 3.3 4.4 1.8 5.2 2.1 5.8 8.6 4.2 2.5 9.9 2.3 -5.9 3.4
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

 

Table 1.d.  Chain-Type Price Indexes for Direct Tourism Output
[Index numbers, 2000=100]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group   Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations 102.0 101.2 102.8 108.7 114.2 119.4 105.2 108.3 109.9 111.5 114.0 114.0 112.9 115.7 117.9 118.8 119.8 120.8 121.7
Transportation 97.7 94.5 98.9 101.6 108.0 115.4 100.7 101.3 101.2 103.2 102.7 105.8 111.2 112.1 112.2 117.9 118.3 112.8 113.6
Passenger air transportation 95.6 90.1 93.2 92.1 94.8 99.7 93.5 91.9 91.1 92.0 91.7 94.3 95.3 97.9 97.2 101.1 101.3 99.1 99.2
All other transportation-related commodities 99.3 97.8 103.3 108.8 118.1 127.6 106.1 108.6 109.0 111.7 111.2 114.6 123.6 123.1 123.8 130.9 131.6 123.3 124.9
Food services and drinking places 103.2 106.0 108.2 111.4 115.0 118.7 110.1 110.9 112.0 112.7 113.7 114.5 115.3 116.2 117.2 118.2 119.1 119.9 121.1
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping 102.5 104.0 105.4 107.7 110.3 112.8 106.8 107.5 107.9 108.6 109.1 109.9 110.6 111.3 111.9 112.6 113.2 113.5 114.5
Recreation and entertainment 103.4 105.9 108.6 111.7 115.5 119.0 110.6 111.3 111.9 112.9 113.8 114.9 116.1 117.0 117.6 118.7 119.6 120.0 121.2
Shopping 101.8 102.6 103.1 104.9 106.5 108.3 104.1 104.8 105.0 105.5 105.7 106.3 106.6 107.2 107.7 108.2 108.5 108.8 109.7
                                       
All tourism goods and services 100.5 100.0 102.8 106.0 110.7 115.7 104.6 105.7 106.2 107.5 108.1 109.6 111.9 113.1 113.8 116.5 117.2 115.4 116.4
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

 

Table 2.  Direct Tourism Output
[Millions of dollars]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group   Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations 90,883 91,965 96,571 106,294 114,052 122,643 103,105 105,667 107,300 109,104 111,076 112,741 114,059 118,334 120,893 121,544 121,156 126,979 128,794
Transportation 205,168 197,559 208,589 227,322 249,404 268,692 222,226 227,592 226,214 233,257 237,419 246,289 256,919 256,991 258,617 275,760 275,378 265,013 269,887
Passenger air transportation 84,869 78,429 83,759 90,383 97,931 104,358 90,011 90,523 89,098 91,898 94,350 98,965 99,158 99,252 100,865 107,807 104,721 104,039 104,862
All other transportation-related commodities 120,300 119,130 124,829 136,940 151,473 164,334 132,215 137,069 137,116 141,358 143,069 147,324 157,761 157,739 157,752 167,953 170,656 160,973 165,025
Food services and drinking places 84,421 87,963 93,745 101,548 109,837 118,747 99,116 100,310 102,190 104,579 106,340 109,025 110,648 113,335 117,299 117,207 118,422 122,061 122,701
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping 143,443 147,850 157,980 173,275 180,358 190,312 169,062 172,218 174,914 176,905 177,639 179,257 180,956 183,581 187,407 189,001 190,939 193,902 196,473
Recreation and entertainment 60,191 64,437 69,719 75,405 78,620 83,407 74,080 75,100 76,070 76,370 77,471 78,010 78,809 80,192 82,197 82,496 83,833 85,100 85,445
Shopping 83,252 83,413 88,261 97,870 101,738 106,906 94,981 97,118 98,844 100,535 100,168 101,247 102,147 103,390 105,210 106,505 107,106 108,802 111,028
                                     
All tourism goods and services 523,915 525,337 556,884 608,439 653,652 700,394 593,508 605,786 610,618 623,845 632,474 647,313 662,581 672,241 684,216 703,512 705,895 707,955 717,855
Percent change at annual rate -4.2 0.3 6.0 9.3 7.4 7.2 14.0 8.5 3.2 9.0 5.6 9.7 9.8 6.0 7.3 11.8 1.4 1.2 5.7
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

 

Table 3.  Total Tourism-Related Output
[Millions of dollars]
                                     
Tourism Goods and Services Group                       Seasonally adjusted at annual rates        
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV Q2007:I
Traveler accommodations 140,028 141,695 148,791 163,772 175,725 188,880 158,858 162,806 165,322 168,102 171,155 173,752 175,751 182,243 186,185 187,187 186,590 195,558 198,353
Transportation 351,168 337,908 357,211 389,801 428,797 461,931 380,754 390,299 387,843 400,309 408,117 423,393 442,155 441,521 444,270 474,601 474,091 454,763 463,479
Passenger air transportation 143,957 133,034 142,075 153,310 166,115 176,808 152,680 153,549 151,132 155,881 160,300 167,924 168,075 168,160 170,890 182,650 177,424 176,266 177,660
All other transportation-related commodities 207,210 204,874 215,136 236,491 262,682 285,124 228,074 236,751 236,712 244,428 247,817 255,469 274,081 273,361 273,380 291,950 296,667 278,496 285,819
Food services and drinking places 158,704 165,362 176,231 190,902 206,483 223,227 186,328 188,573 192,107 196,598 199,930 204,955 207,995 213,052 220,504 220,332 222,615 229,455 230,660
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping 272,062 279,430 298,183 327,449 340,715 359,766 319,251 325,426 330,563 334,558 334,863 338,550 342,245 347,204 354,224 357,465 360,898 366,479 371,718
Recreation and entertainment 99,275 106,310 115,001 124,325 129,562 137,418 122,121 123,861 125,416 125,901 127,629 128,525 129,925 132,169 135,402 135,951 138,134 140,186 140,796
Shopping 172,787 173,119 183,182 203,124 211,153 222,348 197,130 201,565 205,146 208,657 207,233 210,025 212,320 215,035 218,821 221,514 222,764 226,293 230,921
                                       
All tourism goods and services 921,961 924,394 980,417 1,071,924 1,151,720 1,233,804 1,045,192 1,067,103 1,075,835 1,099,566 1,114,065 1,140,650 1,168,146 1,184,020 1,205,182 1,239,584 1,244,194 1,246,255 1,264,209
Percent change at annual rate -4.1 0.3 6.1 9.3 7.4 7.1 14.2 8.7 3.3 9.1 5.4 9.9 10.0 5.5 7.3 11.9 1.5 0.7 5.9
                                     
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                      

 

Table 4.  Percent Change in Direct Tourism Employment
[Percent change from preceding period]
                                   
Tourism Industry Group                       Seasonally adjusted at annual rates      
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV
Traveler accommodations -2.7 -3.6 0.0 0.8 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.6 1.4 1.8 1.3 2.7 1.2 -1.0 1.7 0.4 1.2 4.6
Transportation -0.5 -9.0 -6.1 -1.6 0.4 -0.7 -0.4 0.4 0.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 -0.5 -2.6 0.2 -1.3 -0.3 0.6
Air transportation services -0.7 -13.1 -8.1 -1.8 -0.9 -2.5 2.2 0.7 -1.2 0.5 -0.7 -1.0 -1.9 -3.7 -4.4 -2.1 -0.7 1.0
All other transportation-related industries -0.4 -5.7 -4.7 -1.5 1.2 0.5 -2.2 0.3 0.8 1.4 2.0 2.1 0.5 -1.9 3.4 -0.8 0.0 0.4
Food services and drinking places -0.8 1.8 3.7 4.4 3.4 2.7 4.5 3.3 4.9 4.0 3.7 3.7 1.3 0.6 6.6 0.6 2.1 3.2
Recreation, entertainment, and shopping -1.4 -2.3 1.0 2.6 0.1 0.7 4.3 2.3 0.8 1.3 -2.4 1.1 0.4 -0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.3 2.2
Recreation and entertainment 1.8 -0.3 1.7 3.5 2.0 1.4 5.7 3.1 2.6 4.2 -0.1 3.2 1.2 0.0 2.3 0.8 0.9 4.2
Shopping -4.3 -4.3 0.2 1.6 -2.0 -0.2 2.8 1.4 -1.0 -1.9 -4.9 -1.2 -0.5 -1.4 1.9 -1.1 -0.3 0.0
All other industries -1.1 -2.2 -0.4 1.0 2.8 2.3 0.8 2.1 2.3 3.3 3.2 2.9 2.9 1.8 3.2 2.0 1.7 1.1
                                     
All tourism industries -1.3 -3.0 -0.1 1.8 1.6 1.2 2.4 1.8 2.1 2.3 1.3 2.3 0.8 -0.6 3.1 0.1 1.0 2.8
                                   
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                    


 

Table 5.  Direct Tourism Employment
[Thousands]
                                   
Tourism Industry Group                      Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV
Traveler accommodations    1,377.2    1,327.9    1,327.7    1,338.6    1,358.2    1,372.7    1,333.3    1,335.4    1,339.9    1,345.8    1,350.2    1,359.3    1,363.5    1,359.9    1,365.8    1,367.1    1,371.1    1,386.7
Transportation    1,327.1    1,207.8    1,133.6    1,115.0    1,119.0    1,110.9    1,113.4    1,114.6    1,114.6    1,117.4    1,119.8    1,122.1    1,120.7    1,113.2    1,113.7    1,109.9    1,109.1    1,110.9
Air transportation services       592.3       514.7       473.2       464.7       460.7       449.1       464.7       465.5       464.1       464.6       463.8       462.6       460.4       456.1       451.0       448.7       447.9       449.0
All other transportation-related industries       734.7       693.1       660.4       650.3       658.2       661.8       648.8       649.2       650.5       652.8       656.0       659.5       660.3       657.1       662.6       661.2       661.3       661.9
Food services and drinking places    1,607.7    1,636.2    1,696.6    1,771.8    1,831.9    1,881.7    1,746.1    1,760.2    1,781.6    1,799.1    1,815.7    1,832.4    1,838.4    1,841.1    1,870.8    1,873.8    1,883.6    1,898.7
Recreation, entertainment, shopping    1,189.8    1,162.3    1,173.5    1,203.8    1,204.9    1,213.1    1,196.6    1,203.3    1,205.8    1,209.6    1,202.3    1,205.6    1,206.8    1,204.8    1,211.1    1,210.9    1,211.8    1,218.5
Recreation and entertainment       595.6       593.6       603.4       624.6       637.2       646.4       617.4       622.1       626.2       632.7       632.5       637.5       639.5       639.5       643.1       644.4       645.8       652.5
Shopping       594.2       568.7       570.1       579.2       567.6       566.7       579.2       581.2       579.7       577.0       569.8       568.1       567.4       565.3       568.0       566.5       566.1       566.1
All other industries       253.9       248.3       247.4       249.9       257.0       263.0       247.8       249.0       250.4       252.4       254.4       256.2       258.1       259.2       261.3       262.6       263.7       264.4
                                   
All tourism industries    5,755.6    5,582.6    5,578.7    5,679.1    5,770.9    5,841.4    5,637.2    5,662.6    5,692.3    5,724.4    5,742.6    5,775.6    5,787.4    5,778.2    5,822.7    5,824.2    5,839.3    5,879.2
                                   
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis                                    

Table 6.  Total Tourism-Related Employment
[Thousands]
                                   
Tourism Industry Group                       Seasonally adjusted at annual rates      
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Q2004:I Q2004:II Q2004:III Q2004:IV Q2005:I Q2005:II Q2005:III Q2005:IV Q2006:I Q2006:II Q2006:III Q2006:IV
Traveler accommodations    1,692.7     1,632.2    1,632.0    1,645.5    1,669.6    1,687.4    1,656.0    1,658.6    1,664.2    1,671.4    1,677.1    1,688.3    1,693.4    1,689.1    1,696.1    1,697.7    1,702.6    1,721.8
Transportation    2,306.3     2,102.0    1,978.2    1,951.1    1,966.6    1,955.5    1,944.9    1,948.9    1,951.5    1,959.0    1,965.9    1,971.8    1,970.1    1,958.7    1,959.9    1,953.7    1,952.7    1,955.6
Air transportation services    1,049.6        912.0       838.4       823.5       816.4       795.9       823.4       824.8       822.4       823.3       821.9       819.7       815.9       808.3       799.2       795.1       793.7       795.6
All other transportation-related industries    1,256.7     1,189.9    1,139.7    1,127.6    1,150.2    1,159.6    1,121.5    1,124.1    1,129.1    1,135.7    1,144.0    1,152.1    1,154.2    1,150.4    1,160.7    1,158.7    1,159.1    1,160.0
Food services and drinking places    2,150.0     2,188.1    2,268.8    2,369.3    2,449.7    2,516.4    2,335.0    2,353.9    2,382.4    2,405.9    2,428.1    2,450.4    2,458.4    2,462.0    2,501.8    2,505.7    2,518.9    2,539.0
Recreation, entertainment, shopping    1,899.0     1,848.3    1,856.5    1,900.3    1,893.1    1,901.6    1,890.5    1,900.8    1,903.5    1,906.6    1,891.6    1,894.8    1,894.9    1,891.1    1,899.7    1,898.3    1,899.4    1,909.1
Recreation and entertainment       875.6        874.5       888.8       920.2       937.8       951.5       909.5       916.8       922.8       931.7       931.0       938.4       941.0       941.0       946.4       948.3       950.5       960.7
Shopping    1,023.4        973.8       967.8       980.1       955.3       950.1       981.0       984.0       980.7       974.9       960.6       956.5       953.9       950.2       953.3       950.0       948.8       948.3
All other industries       427.5        420.4       418.5       423.1       436.3       446.6       419.2       421.5       424.1       427.8       431.6       434.9       438.2       440.3       443.8       445.9       447.7