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News Release: Gross Domestic Product and Corporate Profits


The tables in this release are available in an XLS spreadsheet, and the entire release is available in PDF format.

Information about the upcoming 2003 benchmark revision is also available.

EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2003


Virginia H. Mannering:  (202) 606-5304   (GDP)                   BEA 03-37
Kenneth A. Petrick:     (202) 606-9738   (Profits)
Recorded message:       (202) 606-5306



        GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT:  SECOND QUARTER 2003 (FINAL)
          CORPORATE PROFITS:  SECOND QUARTER 2003 (REVISED)



    Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property
located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 3.3 percent in the second quarter of 2003,
according to revised estimates released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.  In the first quarter, real
GDP increased 1.4 percent.
 
    The GDP estimates released today are based on more complete source data than were available for
the preliminary estimates issued last month.  In the preliminary estimates, the increase in real GDP was 
3.1 percent (see "Revisions" on page 3).

    The major contributors to the increase in real GDP in the second quarter were personal
consumption expenditures (PCE), federal defense spending, and nonresidential fixed investment.  The
contributions of these components were partly offset by a negative contribution from private inventory
investment.  Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

    
BOX
          The Bureau of Economic Analysis plans to release the results of its 12th comprehensive (or   
benchmark) revision of the national income and product accounts (NIPAs) on December 10, 2003.  The
annual revision of the NIPAs that would normally have taken place this summer will instead be
combined with the upcoming comprehensive revision.  An article in the June 2003 issue of the Survey of
Current Business discussed the changes in definitions and concepts that will be implemented in the
revision; an article in the August 2003 issue described changes in presentation, including new and
redesigned tables; and an article in the September 2003 issue described changes in statistical methods.
                                                                           
FOOTNOTE.--Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise
specified.  Quarter-to-quarter dollar changes are differences between these published estimates.  Percent
changes are calculated from unrounded data and annualized.  "Real" estimates are in chained (1996)
dollars.  Price indexes are chain-type measures.

          This news release is available on BEA's Web site at <www.bea.gov/newsreleases/rels.htm>.
                                  
                                  
    The acceleration in real GDP growth in the second quarter primarily reflected an upturn in federal
defense spending, an acceleration in PCE, and an upturn in nonresidential fixed investment that were
partly offset by an upturn in imports.

    Final sales of computers contributed 0.18 percentage point to the second-quarter change in real
GDP after contributing 0.18 percentage point to the first-quarter change.  Motor vehicle output decreased
in both the first and second quarters.  Motor vehicle output subtracted 0.11 percentage point from the
second-quarter change in real GDP after subtracting 0.06 percentage point from the first-quarter change.  

    The price index for gross domestic purchases, which measures prices paid by U.S. residents,
increased 0.4 percent in the second quarter, 0.2 percentage point more than in the preliminary estimate;
this index increased 3.4 percent in the first quarter.  Excluding food and energy prices, the price index
for gross domestic purchases increased 0.8 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of
1.8 percent in the first.   

    Real personal consumption expenditures increased 3.8 percent in the second quarter, compared
with an increase of 2.0 percent in the first.  Real nonresidential fixed investment increased 7.3 percent,
in contrast to a decrease of 4.4 percent.  Nonresidential structures increased 4.2 percent, in contrast to a
decrease of 2.9 percent.  Equipment and software increased 8.3 percent, in contrast to a decrease of 4.8
percent.  Real residential fixed investment increased 6.6 percent, compared with an increase of 10.1
percent.

    Real exports of goods and services decreased 1.0 percent in the second quarter, compared with a
decrease of 1.3 percent in the first.  Real imports of goods and services increased 8.8 percent, in contrast
to a decrease of 6.2 percent.

    Real federal government consumption expenditures and gross investment increased 25.5 percent
in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 0.7 percent in the first.  National defense increased
45.8 percent, in contrast to a decrease of 3.3 percent.  Nondefense decreased 5.4 percent, in contrast to
an increase of 8.4 percent.  Real state and local government consumption expenditures and gross
investment decreased 0.2 percent, in contrast to an increase of 0.2 percent.

    The real change in private inventories subtracted 0.74 percentage point from the second-quarter
change in real GDP after subtracting 0.82 percentage point from the first-quarter change.  Private
businesses reduced inventories $17.6 billion in the second quarter, following an increase of $4.8 billion
in the first quarter and an increase of $25.8 billion in the fourth.

    Real final sales of domestic product -- GDP less change in private inventories -- increased 4.0
percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 2.3 percent in the first.


Gross domestic purchases

    Real gross domestic purchases -- purchases by U.S. residents of goods and services wherever
produced -- increased 4.4 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 0.6 percent in the
first. 


Gross national product

    Real gross national product -- the goods and services produced by the labor and property supplied
by U.S. residents -- increased 3.5 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 1.4 percent
in the first.  GNP includes, and GDP excludes, net receipts of income from the rest of the world, which
increased $5.9 billion in the second quarter after decreasing $1.2 billion in the first; in the second
quarter, receipts increased $0.9 billion, and payments decreased $5.0 billion.


Current-dollar GDP

    Current-dollar GDP   the market value of the nation's output of goods and services -- increased
4.3 percent, or $114.3 billion, in the second quarter to a level of $10,802.7 billion.  In the first quarter,
current-dollar GDP increased 3.8 percent, or $99.6 billion.


Revisions

    The final estimate of the second-quarter increase in real GDP is 0.2 percentage point, or $3.9
billion, higher than the preliminary estimate issued last month. The upward revision to the percentage
change in real GDP primarily reflected upward revisions to private inventory investment and to
residential fixed investment that were partly offset by an upward revision to imports.


                                           Advance        Preliminary       Final
                                          (Percent change from preceding quarter)
Real GDP...............................      2.4              3.1            3.3
Current-dollar GDP.....................      3.4              4.0            4.3
Gross domestic purchases price index...      0.3              0.2            0.4
              


                           Corporate Profits

    Profits from current production (corporate profits with inventory valuation and capital
consumption adjustments) increased $80.6 billion in the second quarter, according to revised estimates. 
In the first quarter, profits increased $20.4 billion.  Current-production cash flow (net cash flow with
inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments) -- the internal funds available to corporations
for investment -- increased $70.8 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $4.0 billion in
the first.

    Domestic profits of financial corporations increased $8.4 billion in the second quarter, compared
with an increase of $15.9 billion in the first.

    Domestic profits of nonfinancial corporations increased $70.5 billion in the second quarter,
compared with an increase of $12.1 billion in the first.  In the second quarter, both real gross corporate
product and profits per unit of real product increased.  The increase in unit profits reflected larger
decreases in the unit labor and nonlabor costs incurred by corporations than in the prices corporations
received.
    
    The rest-of-the-world component of profits increased $1.7 billion in the second quarter, in contrast
to a decrease of $7.6 billion in the first.  This measure is calculated as (1) receipts by U.S. residents of
earnings from their foreign affiliates plus dividends received by U.S. residents from unaffiliated foreign
corporations minus (2) payments by U.S. affiliates of earnings to their foreign parents plus dividends
paid by U.S. corporations to unaffiliated foreign residents.  The second-quarter increase was accounted
for by a larger increase in receipts than in payments.

    The revised estimate of second-quarter corporate profits from current production is $7.7 billion
lower than the preliminary estimate issued last month.  The foreign component of profits (rest-of-the-
world profits) was revised down $7.9 billion.  Domestic profits of nonfinancial and financial
corporations were revised up $5.9 billion and down $5.8 billion, respectively.     

    Profits before tax with inventory valuation adjustment is the best available measure of industry
profits because estimates of the capital consumption adjustment by industry do not exist.  This measure
reflects the depreciation-accounting practices used for federal income tax returns.  According to this
measure, both domestic profits of  financial corporations and domestic profits of nonfinancial
corporations decreased. 

    Profits before tax decreased $27.9 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to an increase of $33.2
billion in the first.  The before-tax measure of profits does not reflect, as does profits from current
production, the capital consumption and inventory valuation adjustments.  These adjustments convert
depreciation of fixed assets and inventory withdrawals reported on a tax-return, historical-cost basis to
the current-cost measures used in the national income and product accounts.  In the second quarter, the
decrease in the before-tax measure of profits, in contrast to the increase in profits from current
production, reflected the additional depreciation expenses used for federal income tax purposes as
provided for by the Jobs and Growth Tax Reconciliation Act of 2003.  As discussed below, profits from
current production are not affected by the tax code changes.

    Profits tax liability decreased $3.5 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to an increase of $15.4
billion in the first.  Profits after tax decreased $24.3 billion, in contrast to an increase of $17.7 billion. 
Dividends increased $7.9 billion, compared with an increase of $7.3 billion; undistributed profits
decreased $32.2 billion, in contrast to an increase of $10.4 billion.


             Provisions of the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003

    The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 provided for an additional first-year
bonus depreciation writeoff, increasing the immediate depreciation writeoff from 30 percent (provided
for in the Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002) to 50 percent for property acquired after
May 5, 2003, and placed in service before January 1, 2005.  

    The additional depreciation provided for by the 2003 act is estimated to have increased
depreciation expenses in the second quarter by $75.2 billion at an annual rate ($18.8 billion at a quarterly
rate) and reduced profits before tax, which is based on earnings reported on tax returns, by the same
amount.  The capital consumption adjustment is the difference between the depreciation specified in the
tax code and the depreciation underlying profits from current production; because the act raised tax
depreciation by $75.2 billion, the capital consumption adjustment increased by the same amount.  Profits
from current production are not affected, because they do not depend on the depreciation-accounting
practices used for federal income tax returns; rather, they are based on depreciation of fixed assets
valued at current cost and using consistent depreciation profiles based on used-asset prices.  The
adjustments reduced second-quarter profits tax liability by $18.8 billion at an annual rate ($4.7 billion at
a quarterly rate) and profits after tax by $56.4 billion (see the Technical Note).

    As with corporate profits from current production, the effects of the provisions of the act on
nonfarm proprietors' income with capital consumption and inventory valuation adjustments (tables 8 and
9) were offsetting; nonfarm proprietors' income without these adjustments was reduced, and the related
capital consumption adjustment was increased, by the same amount.  The other major national income
and product account components and aggregates shown in this release were not affected.
                                  
                                  
                       *          *          *

    BEA's major national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current
Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

                             <www.bea.gov>

    Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the
following telephone numbers:
    
               (202) 606-5306     Gross domestic product
               (202) 606-5303     Personal income and outlays
               (202) 606-5362     U.S. international transactions
    

    Most of BEA's estimates and analyses are published in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's
monthly journal.  Subscriptions and single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office.  Internet:  <bookstore.gpo.gov>;
phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.
                                   

                        *          *          *


                Next release -- October 30, 2003, at 8:30 A.M. EST for:
                Gross Domestic Product:  Third Quarter 2003 (Advance)


                                    Table 1.--Real Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures: Percent Change From Preceding Period
                                                         [Percent; quarters seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       2000   2001   2002 III 99  IV 99   I 00  II 00 III 00  IV 00   I 01  II 01 III 01  IV 01   I 02  II 02 III 02  IV 02   I 03r II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Gross domestic product (GDP).    3.8     .3    2.4    5.2    7.1    2.6    4.8     .6    1.1    -.6   -1.6    -.3    2.7    5.0    1.3    4.0    1.4    1.4    3.3

Personal consumption expenditures...    4.4    2.5    3.1    4.6    5.0    5.3    3.0    3.8    2.1    2.4    1.4    1.5    6.0    3.1    1.8    4.2    1.7    2.0    3.8
  Durable goods.....................    8.2    6.0    7.3   10.3   10.1   17.8   -3.7    8.1   -5.3   11.5    5.3    4.6   33.6   -6.3    2.0   22.8   -8.2   -2.0   24.3
  Nondurable goods..................    3.9    2.0    3.2    2.5    7.5    2.2    4.9    2.0    2.7    2.3    -.3    1.3    3.6    7.9    -.1    1.0    5.1    6.1    1.4
  Services..........................    3.8    2.0    2.2    4.5    2.8    4.4    3.6    3.9    3.3     .6    1.5     .9    2.1    2.9    2.7    2.3    2.2     .9    1.4

Gross private domestic investment...    6.2  -10.7    1.0   11.0   13.7    2.3   17.3   -6.0   -3.4  -19.7  -17.6   -5.2  -17.3   18.2    7.9    3.6    6.3   -5.3    2.0
  Fixed investment..................    6.1   -3.8   -3.1    5.9    2.9   13.3    6.7     .2   -2.4   -2.2  -11.1   -4.3   -8.9    -.5   -1.0    -.3    4.4    -.1    7.1
    Nonresidential..................    7.8   -5.2   -5.7    7.7    3.0   15.0   10.2    3.5   -3.2   -5.4  -14.5   -6.0  -10.9   -5.8   -2.4    -.8    2.3   -4.4    7.3
      Structures....................    6.5   -1.7  -16.4   -6.3    6.1   13.8    8.2   12.1    3.6   -3.1   -8.4    2.9  -30.1  -14.2  -17.6  -21.4   -9.9   -2.9    4.2
      Equipment and software........    8.2   -6.4   -1.7   12.5    2.1   15.5   10.9     .9   -5.4   -6.3  -16.7   -9.2   -2.5   -2.7    3.3    6.7    6.2   -4.8    8.3
    Residential.....................    1.1     .3    3.9     .9    2.7    8.3   -3.0   -9.3     .0    8.2    -.5     .4   -3.5   14.2    2.7    1.1    9.4   10.1    6.6
  Change in private inventories.....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....

Net exports of goods and services...  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
  Exports...........................    9.7   -5.4   -1.6   10.6   12.6    7.7   14.6   11.6   -4.0   -6.0  -12.4  -17.3   -9.6    3.5   14.3    4.6   -5.8   -1.3   -1.0
    Goods...........................   11.3   -5.9   -3.6   13.2   15.3    6.7   16.1   19.5   -7.1   -6.1  -16.1  -18.6   -7.9   -3.4   15.9    4.1  -11.5    1.9   -1.6
    Services........................    6.0   -4.0    3.2    4.7    6.4   10.2   11.2   -5.9    4.4   -6.0   -2.5  -13.9  -13.8   21.7   10.7    5.9    8.0   -8.0     .5
  Imports...........................   13.2   -2.9    3.7   14.5    9.4   14.7   18.6   13.8   -1.6   -7.9   -6.8  -11.8   -5.3    8.5   22.2    3.3    7.4   -6.2    8.8
    Goods...........................   13.5   -3.3    3.9   15.4    9.8   13.7   20.3   13.6   -1.8   -9.2   -9.4   -9.6   -3.3    3.7   27.9    3.4    6.2   -6.7   13.5
    Services........................   11.6    -.5    2.1    9.7    7.1   20.6    9.6   15.1    -.5     .3    8.5  -23.2  -16.5   35.7   -2.1    3.1   13.0   -4.0  -11.4

Government consumption expenditures
 and gross investment...............    2.7    3.7    4.4    5.3    7.1   -1.2    4.6   -1.0    2.9    5.7    5.6   -1.1   10.5    5.6    1.4    2.9    4.6     .4    8.5
  Federal...........................    1.3    4.8    7.5    7.4    9.9  -13.2   16.0   -7.2    2.0    9.5    6.0    1.2   13.5    7.4    7.5    4.3   11.0     .7   25.5
    National defense................    -.1    5.0    9.3   14.0   10.0  -19.9   15.0   -6.1    4.7    8.3    2.7    4.6   14.3   11.6    7.8    6.9   11.0   -3.3   45.8
    Nondefense......................    3.6    4.5    4.3   -3.6    9.7     .3   17.9   -9.2   -2.6   11.8   12.0   -4.5   12.1     .4    6.9    -.3   11.1    8.4   -5.4
  State and local...................    3.5    3.1    2.8    4.2    5.6    5.6    -.8    2.4    3.3    3.8    5.4   -2.3    8.9    4.6   -1.7    2.2    1.2     .2    -.2

Addenda:
  Final sales of domestic product...    3.7    1.5    1.8    4.3    5.2    4.4    3.1    1.7    1.3    2.8    -.4    -.2    4.2    2.4    -.1    3.4    1.1    2.3    4.0
  Gross domestic purchases..........    4.4     .4    3.0    5.8    6.8    3.6    5.7    1.2    1.3   -1.1   -1.1    -.1    2.9    5.6    2.6    3.9    2.9     .6    4.4
  Final sales to domestic
   purchasers.......................    4.3    1.6    2.4    4.9    5.0    5.4    3.9    2.4    1.4    2.2     .0     .1    4.3    3.0    1.3    3.3    2.6    1.4    5.1
  Gross national product (GNP)......    3.7     .2    2.1    4.8    7.6    2.2    5.1     .2    1.6   -1.4    -.8   -1.1    3.7    3.7     .4    4.4    1.4    1.4    3.5
  Disposable personal income........    4.8    1.8    4.2    1.5    4.8    8.4    4.8    4.3    1.8    -.1    -.6   10.5   -7.6   14.5    3.9    1.8    1.4    1.6    2.6

  Current-dollar measures:
    GDP.............................    5.9    2.6    3.6    6.5    8.9    5.7    7.3    2.2    3.2    3.0     .9    1.9    2.2    6.5    2.5    5.1    3.2    3.8    4.3
    Final sales of domestic product.    5.9    3.9    3.0    5.6    7.0    7.6    5.5    3.4    3.4    6.6    2.1    2.0    3.6    3.7    1.2    4.5    2.9    4.8    5.1
    Gross domestic purchases........    7.0    2.4    4.2    7.8    9.1    7.4    8.0    3.4    3.4    2.1     .6    -.2    3.4    6.9    4.9    5.2    4.7    4.1    4.8
    Final sales to domestic
     purchasers.....................    7.0    3.6    3.6    6.9    7.3    9.3    6.2    4.6    3.6    5.5    1.7    -.1    4.8    4.2    3.6    4.6    4.4    5.0    5.5
    GNP.............................    5.9    2.6    3.3    6.1    9.4    5.3    7.5    1.9    3.7    2.2    1.7    1.1    3.2    5.1    1.6    5.5    3.3    3.8    4.6
    Disposable personal income......    7.4    3.8    5.6    3.7    7.3   12.2    7.2    6.4    4.0    3.2    1.2   10.4   -6.9   15.8    6.7    3.5    3.2    4.3    3.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.  Revisions include changes to series affected by the
introduction of revised wage and salary estimates for the first
quarter of 2003.
  See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.

                                                Table 2.--Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic Product
                                                             [Quarters seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       2000   2001   2002 III 99  IV 99   I 00  II 00 III 00  IV 00   I 01  II 01 III 01  IV 01   I 02  II 02 III 02  IV 02   I 03  II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Percent change at annual rate:

    Gross domestic product..........    3.8     .3    2.4    5.2    7.1    2.6    4.8     .6    1.1    -.6   -1.6    -.3    2.7    5.0    1.3    4.0    1.4    1.4    3.3

Percentage points at annual rates:

  Personal consumption expenditures.   2.94   1.67   2.15   3.14   3.45   3.54   2.11   2.54   1.37   1.53    .92    .97   4.05   2.22   1.22   2.93   1.19   1.40   2.68
    Durable goods...................    .65    .48    .59    .81    .81   1.36   -.30    .63   -.44    .87    .42    .36   2.45   -.55    .16   1.74   -.72   -.17   1.79
    Nondurable goods................    .77    .39    .64    .51   1.48    .45    .99    .40    .52    .45   -.07    .25    .73   1.57   -.02    .22   1.01   1.21    .28
    Services........................   1.51    .80    .92   1.81   1.16   1.73   1.43   1.51   1.29    .21    .57    .35    .87   1.20   1.08    .97    .90    .36    .60

  Gross private domestic investment.   1.08  -1.90    .15   1.85   2.32    .39   2.92  -1.09   -.55  -3.65  -3.09   -.81  -2.88   2.53   1.16    .55    .93   -.83    .30
    Fixed investment................   1.03   -.65   -.50   1.01    .53   2.15   1.15    .04   -.41   -.38  -1.95   -.72  -1.49   -.07   -.15   -.03    .65   -.02   1.05
      Nonresidential................    .98   -.66   -.68    .97    .41   1.80   1.28    .46   -.41   -.71  -1.93   -.73  -1.33   -.66   -.27   -.08    .24   -.47    .74
        Structures..................    .20   -.05   -.52   -.20    .18    .40    .25    .37    .12   -.10   -.29    .10  -1.12   -.44   -.53   -.62   -.25   -.07    .10
        Equipment and software......    .78   -.61   -.15   1.17    .22   1.41   1.03    .09   -.53   -.61  -1.64   -.83   -.21   -.22    .26    .53    .49   -.40    .64
      Residential...................    .05    .01    .18    .04    .12    .35   -.13   -.42    .00    .34   -.02    .02   -.16    .60    .12    .05    .41    .45    .31
    Change in private inventories...    .06  -1.24    .65    .84   1.80  -1.77   1.77  -1.12   -.14  -3.27  -1.14   -.09  -1.39   2.60   1.31    .58    .28   -.82   -.74

  Net exports of goods and services.   -.75   -.18   -.67   -.75    .04  -1.17  -1.00   -.72   -.23    .53   -.42   -.24   -.28   -.75  -1.40   -.01  -1.59    .78  -1.29
    Exports.........................   1.04   -.59   -.17   1.08   1.31    .82   1.53   1.25   -.46   -.69  -1.42  -1.94   -.99    .33   1.29    .45   -.59   -.13   -.09
      Goods.........................    .85   -.47   -.26    .94   1.11    .51   1.18   1.44   -.60   -.49  -1.34  -1.49   -.56   -.23    .99    .28   -.82    .13   -.10
      Services......................    .19   -.13    .09    .14    .20    .31    .35   -.19    .14   -.20   -.08   -.45   -.42    .56    .30    .17    .23   -.25    .02
    Imports.........................  -1.79    .42   -.50  -1.83  -1.27  -1.99  -2.54  -1.97    .23   1.22   1.00   1.70    .70  -1.08  -2.69   -.47  -1.00    .91  -1.21
      Goods.........................  -1.54    .40   -.43  -1.64  -1.12  -1.56  -2.32  -1.64    .22   1.21   1.18   1.17    .37   -.40  -2.74   -.40   -.71    .81  -1.50
      Services......................   -.24    .01   -.07   -.19   -.15   -.43   -.21   -.32    .01    .01   -.18    .53    .33   -.68    .05   -.07   -.30    .10    .30

  Government consumption
   expenditures and gross investment    .49    .65    .81    .93   1.26   -.20    .83   -.18    .51    .99   1.00   -.21   1.85   1.04    .27    .56    .85    .08   1.59
    Federal.........................    .08    .29    .47    .44    .60   -.85    .91   -.45    .12    .54    .36    .07    .80    .47    .47    .29    .70    .05   1.61
      National defense..............    .00    .19    .37    .52    .39   -.86    .54   -.24    .17    .30    .10    .18    .54    .46    .32    .29    .46   -.15   1.74
      Nondefense....................    .08    .10    .10   -.08    .21    .01    .37   -.21   -.06    .24    .25   -.11    .26    .01    .16   -.01    .25    .20   -.13
    State and local.................    .41    .36    .34    .49    .67    .65   -.08    .28    .39    .45    .64   -.28   1.05    .56   -.21    .27    .15    .03   -.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r Revised.
See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.

                                      Table 3.--Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures: Level and Change From Preceding Period
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Billions of current dollars                                      Billions of chained (1996) dollars
                                  ------------------------------------------------------  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Seasonally adjusted                                    Seasonally adjusted                Change from preceding
                                                          at annual rates                                        at annual rates                          period
                                            --------------------------------------------          --------------------------------------------  -------------------------
                                       2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002     I 03    II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Gross domestic product (GDP)... 10,446.2 10,376.9 10,506.2 10,588.8 10,688.4 10,802.7  9,439.9  9,392.4  9,485.6  9,518.2  9,552.0  9,629.4    225.4     33.8     77.4

Personal consumption expenditures.  7,303.7  7,254.7  7,360.7  7,425.4  7,512.5  7,598.6  6,576.0  6,542.4  6,609.9  6,637.9  6,670.9  6,733.9    198.8     33.0     63.0

  Durable goods...................    871.9    856.9    897.8    873.9    861.2    900.5    999.9    980.7  1,032.4  1,010.6  1,005.4  1,061.5     68.0     -5.2     56.1
    Motor vehicles and parts......    376.1    362.1    400.7    375.9    366.5    392.2    382.4    369.1    407.6    382.8    374.9    403.0     20.5     -7.9     28.1
    Furniture and household
     equipment....................    318.7    319.1    319.2    319.4    314.9    321.8    438.1    435.2    441.4    447.5    447.8    466.6     40.1       .3     18.8
    Other.........................    177.1    175.8    177.9    178.6    179.8    186.5    185.8    184.1    187.0    188.1    191.3    199.1     10.5      3.2      7.8

  Nondurable goods................  2,115.0  2,108.2  2,116.9  2,150.0  2,206.8  2,203.3  1,929.5  1,920.9  1,925.8  1,950.0  1,978.9  1,985.6     59.7     28.9      6.7
    Food..........................  1,029.4  1,023.9  1,024.8  1,043.9  1,070.1  1,078.4    902.3    899.2    897.9    910.7    929.7    931.4     15.3     19.0      1.7
    Clothing and shoes............    324.3    323.9    321.0    326.6    324.5    326.1    357.0    355.1    355.3    361.8    364.0    369.3     19.3      2.2      5.3
    Gasoline, fuel oil, and
     other energy goods...........    173.5    174.7    178.2    184.7    211.1    193.8    157.5    156.5    157.5    158.9    159.2    156.9      6.3       .3     -2.3
      Gasoline and oil............    158.5    160.7    163.5    167.4    191.4    176.8    145.1    144.7    145.4    145.1    146.2    145.2      6.3      1.1     -1.0
      Fuel oil and coal...........     15.0     14.0     14.7     17.3     19.7     17.0     12.7     12.1     12.4     14.0     13.3     12.1       .1      -.7     -1.2
    Other.........................    587.8    585.6    592.9    594.8    601.1    605.1    515.8    513.1    518.0    521.9    528.9    532.2     20.3      7.0      3.3

  Services........................  4,316.8  4,289.5  4,346.0  4,401.5  4,444.6  4,494.8  3,675.6  3,666.2  3,687.0  3,707.0  3,714.9  3,728.0     80.7      7.9     13.1
    Housing.......................  1,071.5  1,066.0  1,078.0  1,090.1  1,101.9  1,110.9    880.1    878.5    882.1    885.8    889.9    893.8     14.1      4.1      3.9
    Household operation...........    405.2    400.9    406.3    414.2    422.4    422.3    384.7    382.9    384.7    389.9    388.5    384.0      2.1     -1.4     -4.5
      Electricity and gas.........    148.2    144.9    147.4    156.5    162.1    161.1    136.4    133.6    135.7    142.8    140.7    134.2      1.9     -2.1     -6.5
      Other household operation...    257.0    256.1    258.9    257.7    260.4    261.2    248.4    249.5    249.1    247.0    247.8    250.5       .2       .8      2.7
    Transportation................    275.8    275.6    276.1    278.3    278.0    277.8    250.3    250.3    249.8    250.1    250.1    248.0      -.8       .0     -2.1
    Medical care..................  1,148.5  1,139.3  1,158.8  1,176.9  1,192.0  1,213.8    978.6    974.7    984.4    992.0  1,002.1  1,012.7     40.3     10.1     10.6
    Recreation....................    285.1    283.8    285.9    291.8    292.7    297.2    237.5    237.1    237.1    240.3    238.8    240.9      4.3     -1.5      2.1
    Other.........................  1,130.7  1,123.8  1,140.9  1,150.2  1,157.5  1,172.8    942.7    941.0    947.0    947.5    943.8    946.3     20.0     -3.7      2.5

Gross private domestic investment.  1,593.2  1,588.0  1,597.3  1,628.1  1,611.2  1,616.5  1,589.6  1,583.9  1,598.0  1,622.4  1,600.4  1,608.3     15.0    -22.0      7.9

  Fixed investment................  1,589.3  1,584.6  1,579.7  1,603.6  1,610.7  1,635.0  1,577.3  1,572.6  1,571.6  1,588.5  1,587.9  1,615.3    -50.1      -.6     27.4
    Nonresidential................  1,117.4  1,115.8  1,109.8  1,117.1  1,103.4  1,119.0  1,183.4  1,181.1  1,178.7  1,185.3  1,172.1  1,193.0    -71.7    -13.2     20.9
      Structures..................    269.3    275.2    259.4    254.2    254.9    257.3    226.4    231.7    218.2    212.6    211.0    213.2    -44.5     -1.6      2.2
        Nonresidential buildings,
         including farm...........    179.2    182.3    171.1    170.9    171.3    172.2    145.6    148.2    139.1    137.8    136.5    137.2    -33.1     -1.3       .7
        Utilities.................     53.1     53.9     51.5     50.6     49.4     46.7     47.3     48.4     45.6     44.6     43.2     40.5     -3.0     -1.4     -2.7
        Mining exploration,
         shafts, and wells........     30.6     31.7     31.0     27.3     29.2     33.1     29.2     30.3     29.9     26.5     28.4     32.7     -4.8      1.9      4.3
        Other structures..........      6.4      7.3      5.8      5.4      4.9      5.3      5.5      6.3      5.0      4.6      4.2      4.5     -3.8      -.4       .3
      Equipment and software......    848.1    840.7    850.4    863.0    848.6    861.7    971.1    961.4    977.2    992.1    979.9    999.5    -17.1    -12.2     19.6
        Information processing
         equipment and software...    399.7    397.1    406.9    406.3    411.8    426.9    563.1    557.0    575.2    579.7    594.5    620.7     14.6     14.8     26.2
          Computers and
           peripheral equipment...     74.2     72.8     76.8     75.4     76.3     82.4    283.7    271.6    297.6    303.2    319.1    354.9     43.8     15.9     35.8
          Software................    182.8    181.0    186.3    186.7    187.0    191.0    185.7    184.3    189.4    190.3    192.5    196.8      3.7      2.2      4.3
          Other...................    142.7    143.3    143.8    144.2    148.5    153.6    158.2    158.5    159.7    160.7    165.3    171.6     -5.7      4.6      6.3
        Industrial equipment......    152.2    150.5    153.3    151.5    149.8    149.7    146.9    145.6    147.9    145.9    143.9    143.6     -6.9     -2.0      -.3
        Transportation equipment..    148.9    145.2    141.7    154.5    138.5    134.9    147.0    143.4    141.7    151.4    135.8    133.7    -16.6    -15.6     -2.1
        Other.....................    147.4    148.0    148.5    150.8    148.4    150.1    139.3    140.1    140.3    142.3    139.6    140.8     -1.4     -2.7      1.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See note at the end of the table.

                                Table 3.--Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures: Level and Change From Preceding Period--Continued
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Billions of current dollars                                      Billions of chained (1996) dollars
                                  ------------------------------------------------------  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Seasonally adjusted                                    Seasonally adjusted                Change from preceding
                                                          at annual rates                                        at annual rates                          period
                                            --------------------------------------------          --------------------------------------------  -------------------------
                                       2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002     I 03    II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Residential...................    471.9    468.7    469.9    486.5    507.3    516.0    388.2    386.1    387.1    395.9    405.5    412.0     14.7      9.6      6.5
      Structures..................    462.4    459.2    460.4    476.9    497.7    506.1    378.5    376.4    377.4    386.1    395.6    401.7     14.5      9.5      6.1
        Single family.............    247.0    244.3    245.3    257.4    273.8    275.2    200.5    198.4    199.8    206.5    214.7    216.2      7.9      8.2      1.5
        Multifamily...............     33.6     34.2     33.4     32.4     35.7     35.4     26.3     26.8     26.2     25.1     27.0     26.8      1.9      1.9      -.2
        Other.....................    181.8    180.7    181.7    187.1    188.2    195.5    151.6    151.0    151.3    154.4    153.5    158.6      4.7      -.9      5.1
      Equipment...................      9.6      9.6      9.5      9.6      9.6      9.9      9.7      9.7      9.7      9.8      9.9     10.4       .2       .1       .5
  Change in private inventories...      3.9      3.4     17.6     24.5       .4    -18.5      5.2      4.9     18.8     25.8      4.8    -17.6     66.6    -21.0    -22.4
    Farm..........................       .5       .4     -2.3     -1.5       .5      -.6      1.1       .8     -2.2      -.8      1.0      -.4      -.9      1.8     -1.4
    Construction, mining,
     and utilities................      -.9     -1.1     -2.5     -1.7    -14.2     -4.6      -.7     -1.0     -2.3     -1.1     -9.9     -3.6     -7.1     -8.8      6.3
    Manufacturing.................    -11.3    -14.2     -2.7      2.8     -6.1    -14.5    -11.5    -14.1     -2.6      2.8     -6.1    -14.3     24.7     -8.9     -8.2
    Wholesale trade...............     -3.7     -9.0      7.1      6.6     -3.1     -7.6     -3.4     -8.7      7.9      7.0     -2.2     -7.4     13.1     -9.2     -5.2
    Retail trade..................     16.8     22.2     15.6     15.7     21.9      6.1     16.6     22.0     15.5     15.2     21.8      6.1     36.9      6.6    -15.7
    Other industries..............      2.5      5.1      2.3      2.5      1.4      2.6      2.5      5.0      2.3      2.5      1.4      2.6      -.1     -1.1      1.2

Net exports of goods and services.   -423.6   -425.6   -432.9   -476.0   -487.2   -504.6   -488.5   -487.4   -488.0   -532.2   -510.3   -546.1    -72.6     21.9    -35.8

  Exports.........................  1,014.9  1,018.1  1,038.6  1,025.4  1,031.8  1,031.5  1,058.8  1,065.5  1,077.7  1,061.6  1,058.1  1,055.5    -17.3     -3.5     -2.6
    Goods.........................    703.6    709.4    722.6    702.6    711.9    711.9    756.9    765.8    773.5    750.3    753.9    750.8    -28.3      3.6     -3.1
      Foods, feeds, and beverages.     49.5     48.6     49.5     50.3     52.3     52.0     60.9     61.3     59.4     59.6     61.7     59.7     -1.4      2.1     -2.0
      Industrial supplies and
       materials..................    153.7    155.6    156.3    158.0    166.5    166.6    162.8    165.8    163.1    163.9    167.0    165.5       .6      3.1     -1.5
      Capital goods, except
       automotive.................    291.3    294.1    301.7    285.0    282.7    281.6    324.8    327.7    336.8    318.6    316.7    315.8    -31.0     -1.9      -.9
      Automotive vehicles,
       engines, and parts.........     78.5     80.4     82.5     77.4     78.7     78.7     76.1     78.1     79.9     74.7     75.8     75.8      2.7      1.1       .0
      Consumer goods, except
       automotive.................     84.5     84.2     86.0     85.6     86.9     88.5     84.6     84.5     86.0     85.6     86.7     88.3     -3.3      1.1      1.6
      Other.......................     46.0     46.4     46.7     46.1     44.7     44.4     47.3     47.9     47.7     47.0     45.1     44.6      2.8     -1.9      -.5
    Services......................    311.3    308.8    316.0    322.8    319.9    319.6    301.5    299.7    304.0    310.0    303.5    303.9      9.5     -6.5       .4

  Imports.........................  1,438.5  1,443.7  1,471.5  1,501.4  1,519.0  1,536.1  1,547.4  1,552.9  1,565.7  1,593.8  1,568.4  1,601.7     55.4    -25.4     33.3
    Goods.........................  1,192.1  1,202.9  1,220.9  1,242.5  1,256.1  1,274.1  1,320.1  1,329.2  1,340.3  1,360.8  1,337.4  1,380.4     49.6    -23.4     43.0
      Foods, feeds, and beverages.     49.8     49.4     50.4     52.0     54.4     55.0     54.6     54.6     55.0     55.7     57.4     58.1      2.9      1.7       .7
      Industrial supplies and
       materials, except
       petroleum and products.....    160.2    159.0    163.5    168.7    177.2    174.8    166.7    165.1    169.1    171.9    168.8    168.9      5.8     -3.1       .1
      Petroleum and products......    103.4    108.1    110.7    117.9    136.3    130.9     86.7     88.6     85.5     90.2     87.3     97.4     -2.5     -2.9     10.1
      Capital goods, except
       automotive.................    284.0    288.4    285.3    284.9    282.8    291.0    393.2    398.2    394.9    397.6    394.9    406.5     -6.8     -2.7     11.6
      Automotive vehicles,
       engines, and parts.........    204.0    207.5    210.0    208.1    203.2    210.3    200.1    203.8    205.9    203.4    198.8    205.3     13.4     -4.6      6.5
      Consumer goods, except
       automotive.................    307.6    307.2    315.0    322.9    327.5    328.5    326.6    326.4    334.4    343.2    348.6    349.3     27.7      5.4       .7
      Other.......................     83.2     83.2     86.0     88.0     74.7     83.7     83.8     84.0     86.6     88.1     73.8     82.5      4.0    -14.3      8.7
    Services......................    246.4    240.8    250.6    258.9    262.9    262.0    227.2    224.3    226.0    233.0    230.7    223.8      4.8     -2.3     -6.9
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See note at the end of the table.

                                Table 3.--Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures: Level and Change From Preceding Period--Continued
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Billions of current dollars                                      Billions of chained (1996) dollars
                                  ------------------------------------------------------  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Seasonally adjusted                                    Seasonally adjusted                Change from preceding
                                                          at annual rates                                        at annual rates                          period
                                            --------------------------------------------          --------------------------------------------  -------------------------
                                       2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002    II 02   III 02    IV 02     I 03    II 03r    2002     I 03    II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Government consumption
 expenditures and
 gross investment.................  1,972.9  1,959.8  1,981.1  2,011.3  2,052.0  2,092.2  1,712.8  1,703.3  1,715.6  1,735.0  1,736.7  1,772.6     72.4      1.7     35.9

  Federal.........................    693.7    688.2    697.7    716.9    735.2    779.8    613.3    608.7    615.1    631.4    632.5    669.5     42.7      1.1     37.0
    National defense..............    447.4    442.1    451.2    464.7    471.1    518.6    400.0    395.8    402.5    413.2    409.7    450.2     34.0     -3.5     40.5
      Consumption expenditures....    386.6    382.5    388.9    403.2    408.7    451.7    337.0    333.9    338.0    349.4    345.4    380.9     28.1     -4.0     35.5
      Gross investment............     60.8     59.6     62.4     61.5     62.4     67.0     63.3     62.2     65.0     63.9     64.7     69.4      6.0       .8      4.7
    Nondefense....................    246.3    246.1    246.5    252.2    264.1    261.1    213.3    212.9    212.7    218.3    222.8    219.7      8.9      4.5     -3.1
      Consumption expenditures....    199.9    198.6    200.9    205.8    217.9    212.6    167.8    166.5    167.9    172.5    177.1    172.3      6.7      4.6     -4.8
      Gross investment............     46.4     47.5     45.5     46.5     46.2     48.5     45.9     47.0     45.1     46.0     45.7     48.0      2.3      -.3      2.3

  State and local.................  1,279.2  1,271.6  1,283.3  1,294.4  1,316.8  1,312.5  1,099.7  1,094.7  1,100.6  1,104.0  1,104.6  1,104.1     30.3       .6      -.5
      Consumption expenditures....  1,034.5  1,030.6  1,039.6  1,050.1  1,071.8  1,068.0    881.1    879.4    883.0    886.3    887.9    888.1     24.3      1.6       .2
      Gross investment............    244.7    241.1    243.8    244.2    245.0    244.5    218.6    215.3    217.6    217.7    216.6    215.9      5.8     -1.1      -.7

Residual..........................    .....    .....    .....    .....    .....    .....    -87.2    -75.8   -102.5   -100.0   -110.5   -143.6    -44.3    -10.5    -33.1

Addenda:
  Final sales of domestic product. 10,442.4 10,373.5 10,488.7 10,564.3 10,688.0 10,821.2  9,424.4  9,377.9  9,457.2  9,483.1  9,536.2  9,631.1    166.0     53.1     94.9
  Gross domestic purchases........ 10,869.9 10,802.4 10,939.1 11,064.8 11,175.6 11,307.3  9,889.8  9,840.8  9,934.7 10,005.5 10,020.7 10,129.4    289.1     15.2    108.7
  Final sales to domestic
   purchasers..................... 10,866.0 10,799.0 10,921.5 11,040.3 11,175.2 11,325.8  9,874.1  9,826.0  9,906.1  9,970.1 10,004.7 10,131.0    229.2     34.6    126.3

  Gross domestic product.......... 10,446.2 10,376.9 10,506.2 10,588.8 10,688.4 10,802.7  9,439.9  9,392.4  9,485.6  9,518.2  9,552.0  9,629.4    225.4     33.8     77.4

  Plus: Income receipts from
   the rest of the world..........    278.0    276.0    287.3    284.2    281.3    282.4    253.3    251.8    261.3    257.5    252.5    253.4    -38.7     -5.0       .9
  Less: Income payments to
   the rest of the world..........    287.6    296.1    298.2    293.4    291.5    286.0    260.3    268.2    269.5    264.2    260.4    255.4     -8.9     -3.8     -5.0

  Equals: Gross national product.. 10,436.7 10,356.8 10,495.3 10,579.7 10,678.2 10,799.1  9,433.5  9,376.7  9,477.9  9,512.1  9,544.7  9,628.0    196.2     32.6     83.3

  Net domestic product............  9,052.8  8,987.0  9,101.0  9,173.4  9,267.0  9,384.3  8,055.8  8,017.0  8,085.5  8,103.0  8,123.2  8,185.3    150.4     20.2     62.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.
  Note.--Users are cautioned that particularly for components that
exhibit rapid change in prices relative to other prices in the
economy, the chained-dollar estimates should not be used to measure
the component's relative importance or its contribution to the
growth rate of more aggregate series.  For accurate estimates of
the contributions to percent changes in real GDP, use table 2.
  See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.

                        Table 4.--Chain-Type Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures: Percent Change From Preceding Period
                                                         [Percent; quarters seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       2000   2001   2002 III 99  IV 99   I 00  II 00 III 00  IV 00   I 01  II 01 III 01  IV 01   I 02  II 02 III 02  IV 02   I 03  II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Gross domestic product (GDP).    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.2    1.7    3.1    2.3    1.6    2.1    3.7    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.3    1.2    1.0    1.8    2.4    1.0

Personal consumption expenditures...    2.5    2.0    1.4    2.2    2.4    3.4    2.3    2.1    2.2    3.3    1.8    -.1     .8    1.1    2.7    1.7    1.8    2.7     .8
  Durable goods.....................   -1.7   -1.9   -2.8   -1.7   -2.0   -2.0    -.8   -2.2   -1.2   -1.2   -3.4   -2.7   -1.5   -4.2   -2.9   -1.9   -2.2   -3.7   -3.8
  Nondurable goods..................    3.8    1.5     .4    3.4    3.7    5.3    3.0    2.8    1.8    1.8    2.9   -1.4   -3.5     .2    4.6     .6    1.2    4.6   -1.9
  Services..........................    2.8    3.1    2.7    2.3    2.7    3.6    2.5    2.6    3.2    5.1    2.3    1.1    3.5    2.7    3.0    3.0    3.0    3.1    3.1

Gross private domestic investment...    1.0    1.2    -.5    -.5     .5    2.1    1.2    1.7    1.2    2.0    1.1    -.4    -.2   -1.5    -.4   -1.1    1.7    1.3    -.8
  Fixed investment..................    1.1    1.2    -.4    -.4     .5    2.3    1.3    1.8    1.3    1.7    1.2    -.2    -.1   -1.5    -.2    -.9    1.8    1.9    -.9
    Nonresidential..................     .1     .2   -1.4   -1.6    -.5     .7     .4    1.3     .5     .4     .1   -1.1   -1.6   -2.0   -1.4   -1.3     .4    -.4   -1.5
      Structures....................    4.0    5.0    -.7    2.2    3.2    5.3    4.0    4.6    5.3   10.5    4.2    -.3   -1.6   -3.6     .7     .4    2.3    4.1    -.4
      Equipment and software........   -1.2   -1.5   -1.6   -2.8   -1.6    -.7    -.8     .2   -1.1   -2.9   -1.4   -1.5   -1.6   -1.5   -2.1   -1.9    -.2   -1.8   -1.8
    Residential.....................    4.4    4.1    2.1    3.3    3.2    7.0    3.9    3.1    3.7    5.6    4.5    2.5    3.7     .0    2.6     .0    5.0    7.4     .4
  Change in private inventories.....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....

Net exports of goods and services...  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
  Exports...........................    1.4    -.8    -.2     .7    1.7    2.0    2.0     .8     .1    -.8   -1.7   -1.9   -3.8    -.8    3.0    3.5     .9    3.9     .8
    Goods...........................    1.2    -.7    -.5     .7    2.2    1.3    1.6     .4     .4    -.2   -1.5   -2.4   -3.7   -1.1    2.3    3.4     .9    3.4    1.6
    Services........................    2.1   -1.0     .3     .8     .5    3.9    3.0    2.0    -.4   -2.3   -2.1    -.6   -4.2     .0    4.6    3.7     .8    4.9    -.9
  Imports...........................    4.5   -2.9     .3    5.8    5.5    6.6    1.1    4.6     .9   -2.5   -5.9  -17.0    4.7   -1.6   11.1    4.4     .9   11.7   -3.9
    Goods...........................    4.8   -2.9   -1.7    6.3    6.3    6.8    1.2    4.5     .8   -3.7   -6.4   -6.6  -11.1   -2.1   10.9    2.7     .9   12.0   -6.7
    Services........................    3.3   -2.9   11.8    3.7    1.7    5.9     .7    4.8    1.1    3.8   -3.2  -57.7  167.5    1.1   12.2   13.6     .9   10.7   11.2

Government consumption expenditures
 and gross investment...............    3.9    2.4    1.7    3.2    3.1    6.4    3.0    2.9    2.7    4.2    1.8    -.3    -.3    3.6    2.8    1.4    1.6    7.9    -.4
  Federal...........................    3.0    1.7    2.7    2.1    1.6    8.1     .7    1.6     .1    4.6    1.5     .5    -.4    8.4    2.3    1.3     .3    9.8     .9
    National defense................    3.0    1.6    2.4    2.0    1.9    7.5     .7    2.0     .6    4.0    1.1     .6   -1.1    7.3    2.0    1.5    1.2    9.3     .8
    Nondefense......................    3.1    1.9    3.4    2.3     .9    9.3     .6     .9    -.7    5.6    2.2     .4     .7   10.4    2.9    1.0   -1.2   10.9    1.0
  State and local...................    4.3    2.7    1.1    3.7    3.9    5.5    4.2    3.6    4.0    4.1    1.9    -.8    -.3    1.1    3.1    1.5    2.2    6.9   -1.1

Addenda:
  Final sales of domestic product...    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.3    1.7    3.1    2.4    1.7    2.1    3.6    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.3    1.2    1.1    1.8    2.5    1.0
  Gross domestic purchases..........    2.5    1.9    1.2    1.9    2.2    3.7    2.2    2.2    2.1    3.3    1.7    -.2     .4    1.2    2.3    1.2    1.8    3.4     .4
  Final sales to domestic
   purchasers.......................    2.5    1.9    1.2    1.9    2.2    3.7    2.2    2.2    2.1    3.2    1.7    -.1     .5    1.1    2.3    1.3    1.8    3.5     .3
  Gross national product (GNP)......    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.2    1.7    3.1    2.3    1.6    2.1    3.7    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.3    1.2    1.0    1.8    2.4    1.0

  Implicit price deflators:
    GDP.............................    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.2    1.7    3.1    2.3    1.6    2.1    3.7    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.3    1.2    1.0    1.8    2.4    1.0
    Gross domestic purchases........    2.5    1.9    1.2    1.9    2.2    3.7    2.2    2.2    2.2    3.2    1.7    -.1     .4    1.2    2.3    1.2    1.7    3.4     .4
    GNP.............................    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.2    1.7    3.1    2.3    1.7    2.1    3.7    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.4    1.2    1.0    1.8    2.4    1.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r Revised.
See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.

                                  Table 5.--Quantity and Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product
                                                     [Index numbers, 1996=100]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Seasonally adjusted
                                                                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                                  2000       2001       2002      II 02     III 02      IV 02       I 03      II 03r
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Gross domestic product:
          Chain-type quantity index........     117.64     117.94     120.82     120.21     121.41     121.82     122.26     123.25
          Chain-type price index...........     106.89     109.42     110.66     110.48     110.76     111.25     111.90     112.18
          Implicit price deflator..........     106.89     109.42     110.66     110.48     110.76     111.25     111.90     112.18

Personal consumption expenditures:
  Chain-type quantity index................     118.83     121.76     125.56     124.92     126.20     126.74     127.37     128.57
  Chain-type price index...................     107.39     109.56     111.06     110.89     111.36     111.87     112.62     112.84

  Durable goods:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     142.58     151.16     162.19     159.08     167.47     163.92     163.08     172.19
    Chain-type price index.................      91.46      89.70      87.19      87.36      86.94      86.46      85.64      84.82
  Nondurable goods:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     116.50     118.79     122.58     122.03     122.35     123.88     125.72     126.14
    Chain-type price index.................     107.59     109.17     109.61     109.75     109.92     110.25     111.51     110.96
  Services:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     115.67     117.98     120.63     120.32     121.01     121.66     121.92     122.35
    Chain-type price index.................     110.85     114.32     117.44     117.00     117.88     118.74     119.64     120.57

Private fixed investment:
  Chain-type quantity index................     139.52     134.20     130.06     129.68     129.60     130.99     130.94     133.20
  Chain-type price index...................     100.00     101.16     100.76     100.76     100.52     100.95     101.44     101.21

  Nonresidential:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     147.23     139.55     131.57     131.32     131.05     131.79     130.32     132.64
    Chain-type price index.................      95.59      95.73      94.43      94.48      94.17      94.25      94.15      93.80
  Residential:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     118.88     119.22     123.92     123.25     123.59     126.39     129.45     131.53
    Chain-type price index.................     114.40     119.09     121.57     121.40     121.38     122.88     125.10     125.23

Exports of goods and services:
  Chain-type quantity index................     130.09     123.10     121.13     121.89     123.28     121.44     121.04     120.75
  Chain-type price index...................      96.83      96.10      95.87      95.58      96.41      96.62      97.55      97.75
Imports of goods and services:
  Chain-type quantity index................     159.48     154.91     160.66     161.24     162.56     165.48     162.84     166.30
  Chain-type price index...................      95.49      92.70      92.99      93.03      94.05      94.27      96.92      95.97

Government consumption expenditures
 and gross investment:
  Chain-type quantity index................     111.29     115.36     120.46     119.79     120.65     122.02     122.14     124.66
  Chain-type price index...................     110.65     113.27     115.18     115.06     115.47     115.92     118.15     118.04

  Federal:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     102.42     107.33     115.37     114.50     115.71     118.79     118.99     125.94
    Chain-type price index.................     108.23     110.09     113.11     113.07     113.44     113.53     116.23     116.48
  State and local:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     116.52     120.11     123.51     122.95     123.62     123.99     124.06     124.00
    Chain-type price index.................     111.98     115.01     116.33     116.17     116.60     117.24     119.21     118.88

Addenda:

  Final sales of domestic product:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     117.19     118.95     121.09     120.49     121.51     121.84     122.52     123.74
    Chain-type price index.................     107.02     109.55     110.80     110.62     110.91     111.40     112.08     112.36
    Implicit price deflator................     107.02     109.55     110.80     110.62     110.91     111.40     112.08     112.36
  Gross domestic purchases:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     121.00     121.50     125.15     124.53     125.72     126.62     126.81     128.19
    Chain-type price index.................     106.58     108.65     109.90     109.77     110.11     110.59     111.53     111.62
    Implicit price deflator................     106.58     108.65     109.91     109.77     110.11     110.59     111.53     111.63
  Final sales to domestic purchasers:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     120.56     122.52     125.43     124.82     125.84     126.65     127.09     128.69
    Chain-type price index.................     106.70     108.78     110.04     109.90     110.25     110.73     111.70     111.79
    Implicit price deflator................     106.70     108.78     110.04     109.90     110.25     110.73     111.70     111.79
  Gross national product:
    Chain-type quantity index..............     117.69     117.96     120.46     119.73     121.03     121.46     121.88     122.94
    Chain-type price index.................     106.86     109.39     110.63     110.45     110.73     111.22     111.88     112.16
    Implicit price deflator................     106.86     109.38     110.63     110.45     110.73     111.22     111.88     112.16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r Revised.
See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.

                                                     Table 6.--Real Gross Domestic Product: Historical Perspective
                                                                 [Percent change from preceding year]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           1987    1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998    1999    2000    2001    2002
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Gross domestic product (GDP)....     3.4     4.2     3.5     1.8     -.5     3.0     2.7     4.0     2.7     3.6     4.4     4.3     4.1     3.8      .3     2.4

Personal consumption expenditures......     3.3     4.0     2.7     1.8     -.2     2.9     3.4     3.8     3.0     3.2     3.6     4.8     4.9     4.4     2.5     3.1
  Durable goods........................     1.7     5.8     2.1     -.9    -6.6     5.3     8.2     7.6     4.6     5.6     6.6    10.5    11.8     8.2     6.0     7.3
  Nondurable goods.....................     2.4     3.2     2.7     1.4     -.4     1.9     2.9     3.8     3.0     2.9     2.9     4.1     4.7     3.9     2.0     3.2
  Services.............................     4.3     4.1     2.8     2.8     1.4     2.9     2.7     3.0     2.7     2.8     3.3     4.0     3.7     3.8     2.0     2.2

Gross private domestic investment......     2.5     2.7     3.7    -3.1    -8.6     8.5     8.7    13.2     3.0     9.0    12.1    11.8     6.6     6.2   -10.7     1.0
  Fixed investment.....................      .0     3.6     2.7    -1.8    -6.9     6.5     8.1     9.1     6.0     9.3     9.6    11.4     7.8     6.1    -3.8    -3.1
    Nonresidential.....................     -.1     5.4     5.5      .7    -4.9     3.4     8.4     8.9     9.8    10.0    12.2    12.5     8.1     7.8    -5.2    -5.7
      Structures.......................    -3.6     1.3     2.5     1.5   -11.0    -6.1      .8      .8     4.8     7.1     9.1     6.8    -1.3     6.5    -1.7   -16.4
      Equipment and software...........     1.7     7.5     7.0      .4    -2.0     7.4    11.3    11.9    11.5    11.0    13.3    14.6    11.5     8.2    -6.4    -1.7
    Residential........................      .2     -.5    -4.1    -8.6   -12.8    16.3     7.3     9.7    -3.6     7.4     2.0     8.0     6.7     1.1      .3     3.9
  Change in private inventories........   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....

Net exports of goods and services......   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....
  Exports..............................    11.2    16.1    11.8     8.7     6.5     6.2     3.3     8.9    10.3     8.2    12.3     2.1     3.4     9.7    -5.4    -1.6
    Goods..............................    11.1    18.8    12.6     8.2     7.1     6.8     3.0     9.7    11.9     8.7    14.5     2.1     3.8    11.3    -5.9    -3.6
    Services...........................    11.6     9.3     9.6    10.0     5.1     4.6     4.1     7.2     6.4     6.8     7.0     2.3     2.5     6.0    -4.0     3.2
  Imports..............................     6.1     3.8     3.9     3.8     -.5     6.6     9.1    12.0     8.2     8.6    13.7    11.8    10.9    13.2    -2.9     3.7
    Goods..............................     4.6     4.1     4.2     3.0     -.1     9.3    10.1    13.3     9.0     9.4    14.2    11.7    12.2    13.5    -3.3     3.9
    Services...........................    12.6     2.7     2.8     7.6    -2.3    -4.0     4.7     5.8     4.1     4.8    10.9    11.9     4.2    11.6     -.5     2.1

Government consumption expenditures
 and gross investment..................     3.0     1.2     2.8     3.3     1.2      .5     -.8      .1      .5     1.1     2.4     1.9     3.9     2.7     3.7     4.4
  Federal..............................     3.7    -1.8     1.3     2.0     -.3    -1.6    -3.9    -3.6    -2.7     -.9     -.4     -.8     2.3     1.3     4.8     7.5
    National defense...................     4.7     -.8     -.8      .0    -1.1    -4.9    -5.4    -4.8    -3.7    -1.3    -2.6    -1.8     2.1     -.1     5.0     9.3
    Nondefense.........................      .5    -5.2     8.4     8.3     1.8     7.1     -.3    -1.0     -.5      .0     4.2     1.1     2.7     3.6     4.5     4.3
  State and local......................     2.3     3.7     3.9     4.2     2.3     2.0     1.4     2.6     2.5     2.3     4.0     3.4     4.7     3.5     3.1     2.8

Addenda:
  Final sales of domestic product......     3.0     4.3     3.3     2.0     -.2     2.8     2.6     3.4     3.1     3.6     4.0     4.2     4.3     3.7     1.5     1.8
  Gross domestic purchases.............     3.1     3.2     2.9     1.4    -1.1     3.1     3.3     4.4     2.5     3.7     4.7     5.4     5.0     4.4      .4     3.0
  Final sales to domestic purchasers...     2.7     3.4     2.7     1.6     -.9     2.8     3.2     3.8     3.0     3.7     4.3     5.3     5.2     4.3     1.6     2.4
  Gross national product...............     3.3     4.2     3.5     1.9     -.5     3.0     2.6     3.9     2.7     3.5     4.3     4.2     4.4     3.7      .2     2.1
  Real disposable personal income......     2.1     4.4     2.6     2.2      .4     3.1     1.4     2.6     2.6     2.5     3.1     5.4     2.6     4.8     1.8     4.2
  Gross domestic purchases price
   index...............................     3.3     3.4     3.8     4.1     3.4     2.5     2.3     2.0     2.2     1.8     1.6      .8     1.5     2.5     1.9     1.2
  GDP price index......................     3.0     3.4     3.8     3.9     3.6     2.4     2.4     2.1     2.2     1.9     1.9     1.2     1.4     2.1     2.4     1.1
  Personal consumption expenditures
   price index.........................     3.8     3.9     4.4     4.6     3.8     3.1     2.4     2.0     2.3     2.1     1.9     1.1     1.6     2.5     2.0     1.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                            Table 7.--Real Gross Domestic Product: Percent Change From Quarter One Year Ago
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         III 99   IV 99    I 00   II 00  III 00   IV 00    I 01   II 01  III 01   IV 01    I 02   II 02  III 02   IV 02    I 03r  II 03r
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Gross domestic product (GDP)....     4.2     4.3     4.2     4.9     3.7     2.3     1.5     -.1     -.4      .1     1.4     2.2     3.3     2.9     2.0     2.5

Personal consumption expenditures......     5.0     5.0     5.1     4.5     4.3     3.5     2.8     2.4     1.8     2.8     3.0     3.1     3.8     2.7     2.4     2.9
  Durable goods........................    13.3    10.0    13.1     8.4     7.8     3.8     2.4     4.7     3.8    13.2     8.4     7.5    11.9     1.9     3.0     8.2
  Nondurable goods.....................     4.4     4.9     4.2     4.3     4.1     3.0     3.0     1.7     1.5     1.7     3.1     3.1     3.1     3.4     3.0     3.4
  Services.............................     3.7     4.0     4.0     3.8     3.6     3.8     2.8     2.3     1.6     1.3     1.8     2.1     2.5     2.5     2.0     1.7

Gross private domestic investment......     6.6     6.6     5.3    11.0     6.4     2.2    -3.8   -11.9   -11.7   -15.1    -6.5      .0     2.3     8.9     3.0     1.5
  Fixed investment.....................     8.4     5.9     7.3     7.1     5.7     4.3      .5    -4.0    -5.1    -6.7    -6.3    -3.7    -2.7      .6      .7     2.7
    Nonresidential.....................     9.4     6.6     8.3     8.9     7.8     6.2     1.1    -5.1    -7.4    -9.3    -9.4    -6.3    -5.1    -1.7    -1.4     1.0
      Structures.......................    -3.1    -2.5     1.8     5.2    10.0     9.3     5.0      .8    -1.4   -10.6   -13.3   -15.6   -21.1   -15.9   -13.2    -8.0
      Equipment and software...........    13.8     9.7    10.5    10.1     7.2     5.2     -.2    -7.1    -9.5    -8.8    -8.0    -2.9     1.1     3.3     2.7     4.0
    Residential........................     5.6     4.0     4.1     2.1     -.6    -1.2    -1.2     -.6     2.0     1.0     2.4     3.2     3.4     6.7     5.7     6.7
  Change in private inventories........   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....

Net exports of goods and services......   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....
  Exports..............................     5.7     4.9     8.8    11.4    11.6     7.3     3.7    -3.1   -10.1   -11.4    -9.3    -3.0     2.8     3.9     2.7     -.9
    Goods..............................     6.4     5.6     9.9    12.8    14.3     8.3     4.9    -3.3   -12.1   -12.3   -11.7    -4.3     1.8      .8     2.1    -2.0
    Services...........................     4.2     3.2     6.1     8.1     5.3     4.8      .7    -2.6    -4.7    -9.2    -3.1      .0     5.3    11.4     3.9     1.4
  Imports..............................    12.6    11.9    13.5    14.3    14.1    11.1     5.2    -1.0    -7.1    -8.0    -4.1     2.6     6.7    10.1     6.2     3.1
    Goods..............................    14.3    13.0    13.9    14.7    14.3    11.1     5.1    -2.1    -7.5    -7.9    -4.8     3.8     7.3     9.9     7.0     3.9
    Services...........................     4.1     5.9    10.9    11.6    13.0    10.9     5.9     5.7    -4.5    -8.6    -1.4    -3.9     3.4    11.5     2.3     -.2

Government consumption expenditures
 and gross investment..................     3.8     4.5     3.5     3.9     2.3     1.3     3.0     3.3     3.2     5.1     5.0     4.0     5.0     3.6     2.3     4.1
  Federal..............................     2.9     4.0     1.2     4.4      .7    -1.2     4.7     2.4     4.6     7.5     6.9     7.3     8.1     7.5     5.8    10.0
    National defense...................     1.7     4.4      .0     3.7    -1.3    -2.5     5.2     2.2     5.1     7.4     8.2     9.5    10.1     9.3     5.5    13.7
    Nondefense.........................     5.2     3.4     3.4     5.7     4.2     1.1     3.9     2.6     3.9     7.6     4.7     3.5     4.7     4.4     6.4     3.2
  State and local......................     4.3     4.8     4.6     3.6     3.2     2.6     2.2     3.7     2.5     3.9     4.1     2.3     3.4     1.6      .5      .9

Addenda:
  Final sales of domestic product......     4.5     4.2     4.5     4.2     3.6     2.6     2.2     1.4      .9     1.6     1.5     1.6     2.5     1.7     1.7     2.7
  Gross domestic purchases.............     5.1     5.2     4.9     5.5     4.3     2.9     1.7      .1     -.3      .1     1.8     2.8     3.7     3.7     2.5     2.9
  Final sales to domestic purchasers...     5.4     5.1     5.2     4.8     4.2     3.3     2.5     1.5      .9     1.6     1.8     2.2     3.0     2.5     2.1     3.1
  Gross national product...............     4.6     4.7     4.2     4.9     3.7     2.2     1.3     -.1     -.4      .1     1.4     1.7     3.0     2.5     1.9     2.7
  Real disposable personal income......     1.9     2.4     3.8     4.9     5.6     4.8     2.7     1.3     2.8      .3     3.8     5.0     2.8     5.2     2.1     1.8
  Gross domestic purchases price
   index...............................     1.6     1.9     2.5     2.5     2.6     2.5     2.4     2.3     1.7     1.3      .8      .9     1.3     1.6     2.2     1.7
  GDP price index......................     1.4     1.6     1.9     2.1     2.2     2.3     2.4     2.5     2.6     2.0     1.4     1.1      .8     1.3     1.6     1.5
  Personal consumption expenditures
   price index.........................     1.8     2.0     2.6     2.6     2.5     2.5     2.5     2.4     1.8     1.5      .9     1.1     1.6     1.8     2.3     1.8
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.  Revisions include changes to series affected by the
introduction of revised wage and salary estimates for the first
quarter of 2003.

                     Table 8.--Relation of Gross Domestic Product, Gross National Product, and National Income
                                                       [Billions of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
                                                                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                                  2000       2001       2002      II 02     III 02      IV 02       I 03r     II 03r
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gross domestic product.....................    9,824.6   10,082.2   10,446.2   10,376.9   10,506.2   10,588.8   10,688.4   10,802.7

Plus: Income receipts from
 the rest of the world.....................      383.4      316.9      278.0      276.0      287.3      284.2      281.3      282.4
Less: Income payments to
 the rest of the world.....................      360.0      295.0      287.6      296.1      298.2      293.4      291.5      286.0

Equals: Gross national product.............    9,848.0   10,104.1   10,436.7   10,356.8   10,495.3   10,579.7   10,678.2   10,799.1

Less: Consumption of fixed capital.........    1,228.9    1,329.3    1,393.5    1,389.8    1,405.3    1,415.4    1,421.4    1,418.4
Less: Indirect business tax and
 nontax liability..........................      753.6      774.8      800.4      795.1      806.9      813.3      821.7      833.6
Less: Business transfer payments...........       43.7       42.5       44.1       43.9       44.4       44.3       44.9       44.8
Less: Statistical discrepancy..............     -128.5     -117.3     -108.8     -165.0      -82.1      -78.2      -74.6      -69.8
Plus: Subsidies less current
 surplus of government enterprises.........       34.1       47.3       32.5       35.1       29.1       29.0       30.7       45.9

Equals: National income....................    7,984.4    8,122.0    8,340.1    8,328.0    8,349.9    8,413.9    8,495.5    8,618.0

  Compensation of employees................    5,723.4    5,874.9    5,969.5    5,963.9    5,988.4    6,017.4    6,064.5    6,094.5
    Wage and salary accruals...............    4,836.3    4,950.6    4,996.4    4,997.3    5,007.4    5,023.1    5,055.2    5,077.8
    Supplements to wages and salaries......      887.1      924.3      973.1      966.6      981.0      994.3    1,009.2    1,016.8
  Proprietors' income with inventory
   valuation and capital consumption
   adjustments.............................      714.8      727.9      756.5      747.5      758.7      771.6      784.4      804.5
  Rental income of persons with
   capital consumption adjustment..........      146.6      137.9      142.4      153.5      144.1      130.6      126.9      115.3
  Corporate profits with inventory
   valuation and capital consumption
   adjustments.............................      788.1      731.6      787.4      785.0      771.0      796.1      816.5      897.1
  Net interest.............................      611.5      649.8      684.2      678.1      687.6      698.3      703.3      706.6

Addendum:
  Gross domestic income....................    9,953.1   10,199.4   10,555.1   10,541.8   10,588.3   10,667.0   10,763.0   10,872.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.  Revisions include changes to series affected by the
introduction of revised wage and salary estimates for the first
quarter of 2003.

                                           Table 9.--Personal Income and Its Disposition
                                                       [Billions of dollars]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
                                                                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                                  2000       2001       2002      II 02     III 02      IV 02       I 03r     II 03r
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Personal income\1\.........................    8,406.6    8,685.3    8,922.2    8,914.0    8,958.9    9,012.5    9,080.2    9,156.0

  Wage and salary disbursements............    4,836.3    4,950.6    4,996.4    4,997.3    5,007.4    5,023.1    5,053.8    5,079.2
  Other labor income.......................      544.2      570.4      610.6      604.1      617.5      630.2      639.2      645.0
  Proprietors' income with
   inventory valuation and capital
   consumption adjustments.................      714.8      727.9      756.5      747.5      758.7      771.6      784.4      804.5
    Farm...................................       22.6       19.0       12.9        7.5       10.7       11.7       14.2       15.4
    Nonfarm................................      692.2      708.8      743.7      740.0      748.0      759.9      770.2      789.1
  Rental income of persons with
   capital consumption adjustment..........      146.6      137.9      142.4      153.5      144.1      130.6      126.9      115.3
  Personal dividend income.................      375.7      409.2      433.8      430.3      437.3      443.8      451.2      459.0
  Personal interest income.................    1,077.0    1,091.3    1,078.5    1,082.3    1,080.7    1,080.9    1,075.8    1,081.5
  Transfer payments to persons.............    1,070.3    1,170.4    1,288.0    1,282.6    1,298.4    1,319.1    1,340.8    1,365.6

  Less: Personal contributions for
   social insurance........................      358.4      372.3      384.0      383.6      385.3      386.8      391.9      394.0

Less: Personal tax and nontax payments.....    1,286.4    1,292.1    1,111.9    1,121.8    1,099.0    1,090.1    1,073.6    1,082.6

Equals: Disposable personal income.........    7,120.2    7,393.2    7,810.3    7,792.2    7,859.9    7,922.5    8,006.6    8,073.4

Less: Personal outlays.....................    6,918.6    7,223.5    7,524.5    7,477.9    7,583.0    7,640.7    7,727.6    7,813.7

Equals: Personal saving....................      201.5      169.7      285.8      314.3      276.9      281.8      278.9      259.7

Addenda:
  Disposable personal income,
   billions of chained (1996) dollars\2\...    6,630.3    6,748.0    7,032.2    7,027.2    7,058.1    7,082.3    7,109.6    7,154.7
  Personal saving as a percentage of
   disposable personal income..............        2.8        2.3        3.7        4.0        3.5        3.6        3.5        3.2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.  Revisions include changes to series affected by the
introduction of revised wage and salary estimates for the first
quarter of 2003.
  1. Personal income is also equal to national income less corporate
profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments,
net interest, contributions for social insurance, and wage accruals
less disbursements, plus personal interest income, personal dividend
income, government transfer payments to persons, and business
transfer payments to persons.
  2. Equals disposable personal income deflated by the implicit price
deflator for personal consumption expenditures.

                                                   Table 10.--Corporate Profits: Level and Percent Change
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Billions of dollars                                 Percent change from preceding period
                                     ----------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       Seasonally adjusted                                       Quarterly        Quarter one
                                                                         at annual rates                                           rates             year ago
                                                              ---------------------------------------                 ------------------------------- -------
                                         2000    2001    2002   II 02  III 02   IV 02    I 03   II 03r   2001    2002  III 02   IV 02    I 03   II 03r  II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Corporate profits with inventory
 valuation and capital consumption
 adjustments.........................   788.1   731.6   787.4   785.0   771.0   796.1   816.5   897.1    -7.2     7.6    -1.8     3.2     2.6     9.9    14.3
  Profits before tax.................   782.3   670.2   665.2   657.9   668.5   694.9   728.1   700.2   -14.3     -.7     1.6     3.9     4.8    -3.8     6.4
    Profits tax liability............   259.4   199.3   213.3   213.7   214.7   222.4   237.8   234.3   -23.2     7.0      .5     3.6     6.9    -1.5     9.7
    Profits after tax................   522.9   470.9   451.9   444.3   453.8   472.5   490.2   465.9   -10.0    -4.0     2.1     4.1     3.8    -5.0     4.9
      Dividends......................   376.1   409.6   434.3   430.8   437.7   444.3   451.6   459.5     8.9     6.0     1.6     1.5     1.6     1.7     6.7
      Undistributed profits..........   146.8    61.2    17.6    13.5    16.1    28.2    38.6     6.4   -58.3   -71.2    19.4    75.4    37.0   -83.5   -52.6

  Inventory valuation adjustment.....   -15.0     5.0    -6.9    -5.7   -15.1    -8.5   -26.9    -2.2   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....

  Capital consumption adjustment.....    20.8    56.5   129.1   132.8   117.6   109.7   115.3   199.0   172.1   128.5   -11.4    -6.7     5.1    72.6    49.9

Addenda:
  Corporate profits after tax with
   inventory valuation and capital
   consumption adjustments...........   528.7   532.3   574.1   571.3   556.3   573.7   578.6   662.7      .7     7.9    -2.6     3.1      .9    14.5    16.0

  Net cash flow with inventory
   valuation and capital
   consumption adjustments...........   873.7   911.8   967.3   966.7   954.7   968.7   964.7 1,035.5     4.4     6.1    -1.2     1.5     -.4     7.3     7.1
    Undistributed profits with
     inventory valuation and capital
     consumption adjustments.........   152.6   122.7   139.9   140.5   118.6   129.4   127.0   203.2   -19.6    14.0   -15.6     9.1    -1.8    60.0    44.6
    Consumption of fixed capital.....   721.1   789.1   827.5   826.1   836.1   839.3   837.6   832.2     9.4     4.9     1.2      .4     -.2     -.6      .7

  Less: Inventory valuation
   adjustment........................   -15.0     5.0    -6.9    -5.7   -15.1    -8.5   -26.9    -2.2   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....   .....

  Equals: Net cash flow..............   888.7   906.8   974.2   972.4   969.8   977.2   991.5 1,037.6     2.0     7.4     -.3      .8     1.5     4.6     6.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r Revised.

                                      Table 11.--Corporate Profits by Industry: Level and Change From Preceding Period
                                                                    [Billions of dollars]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           Level                                       Change from preceding period
                                             ----------------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------
                                                                        Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
                                                                      ---------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------
                                                 2000    2001    2002   II 02  III 02   IV 02    I 03   II 03r   2001    2002  III 02   IV 02    I 03   II 03r
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Corporate profits with IVA and CCAdj.....   788.1   731.6   787.4   785.0   771.0   796.1   816.5   897.1   -56.5    55.8   -14.0    25.1    20.4    80.6

Domestic industries..........................   644.8   580.9   668.1   669.9   654.9   682.0   710.0   788.9   -63.9    87.2   -15.0    27.1    28.0    78.9

  Financial..................................   183.0   173.5   209.7   210.7   207.3   207.6   223.5   231.9    -9.5    36.2    -3.4      .3    15.9     8.4
  Nonfinancial...............................   461.8   407.4   458.4   459.3   447.6   474.4   486.5   557.0   -54.4    51.0   -11.7    26.8    12.1    70.5

Rest of the world............................   143.3   150.8   119.3   115.1   116.1   114.1   106.5   108.2     7.5   -31.5     1.0    -2.0    -7.6     1.7

  Receipts from the rest of the world........   203.8   172.4   177.0   173.4   185.9   187.3   193.0   196.6   -31.4     4.6    12.5     1.4     5.7     3.6
  Less: Payments to the rest of the world....    60.5    21.6    57.7    58.3    69.7    73.3    86.6    88.4   -38.9    36.1    11.4     3.6    13.3     1.8

    Corporate profits with IVA...............   767.3   675.1   658.3   652.2   653.4   686.4   701.2   698.1   -92.2   -16.8     1.2    33.0    14.8    -3.1

Domestic industries..........................   624.0   524.4   539.0   537.1   537.3   572.3   594.7   589.9   -99.6    14.6      .2    35.0    22.4    -4.8
  Financial..................................   201.0   190.6   217.3   218.5   216.1   216.5   230.3   226.6   -10.4    26.7    -2.4      .4    13.8    -3.7
    Federal Reserve banks....................    30.0    27.9    22.8    23.9    22.9    21.2    20.9    20.7    -2.1    -5.1    -1.0    -1.7     -.3     -.2
    Other....................................   171.0   162.8   194.5   194.6   193.2   195.2   209.4   205.9    -8.2    31.7    -1.4     2.0    14.2    -3.5

  Nonfinancial...............................   423.0   333.7   321.7   318.6   321.2   355.8   364.4   363.3   -89.3   -12.0     2.6    34.6     8.6    -1.1
    Manufacturing............................   159.8    83.4    92.6    91.9   100.5   108.9   122.0   106.9   -76.4     9.2     8.6     8.4    13.1   -15.1
      Durable goods..........................    61.5     9.9    17.0    17.8    22.8    24.6    28.0    21.0   -51.6     7.1     5.0     1.8     3.4    -7.0
        Primary metal industries.............     1.0    -1.6     1.2      .3     1.3     2.6     2.6    -1.7    -2.6     2.8     1.0     1.3      .0    -4.3
        Fabricated metal products............    15.4     9.0     5.8     5.8     4.7     7.3     6.0     7.6    -6.4    -3.2    -1.1     2.6    -1.3     1.6
        Industrial machinery and equipment...    14.2     -.6    -2.5    -2.9     -.1    -2.2     -.6    -3.3   -14.8    -1.9     2.8    -2.1     1.6    -2.7
        Electronic and other electric
         equipment...........................     5.5    -3.2      .7     -.9     4.0     6.1     8.8    11.7    -8.7     3.9     4.9     2.1     2.7     2.9
        Motor vehicles and equipment.........    -2.2    -9.4    -7.6    -4.4    -6.6    -7.7     3.3    -3.7    -7.2     1.8    -2.2    -1.1    11.0    -7.0
        Other................................    27.6    15.7    19.4    20.0    19.5    18.5     7.8    10.3   -11.9     3.7     -.5    -1.0   -10.7     2.5

      Nondurable goods.......................    98.3    73.5    75.6    74.1    77.6    84.3    94.0    85.9   -24.8     2.1     3.5     6.7     9.7    -8.1
        Food and kindred products............    25.8    16.6    20.1    19.2    21.0    21.1    22.8    21.0    -9.2     3.5     1.8      .1     1.7    -1.8
        Chemicals and allied products........    17.2    15.2    16.9    16.7    17.0    18.9    20.9    14.8    -2.0     1.7      .3     1.9     2.0    -6.1
        Petroleum and coal products..........    26.1    25.7    16.9    15.4    17.4    20.7    36.5    33.1     -.4    -8.8     2.0     3.3    15.8    -3.4
        Other................................    29.1    16.0    21.8    22.8    22.3    23.7    13.9    17.0   -13.1     5.8     -.5     1.4    -9.8     3.1

    Transportation and public utilities......    36.6    27.7    16.7    17.1    13.2    21.5    20.1    33.8    -8.9   -11.0    -3.9     8.3    -1.4    13.7
      Transportation.........................    12.8     1.2      .3    -1.7     -.3     3.6    -1.5    11.5   -11.6     -.9     1.4     3.9    -5.1    13.0
      Communications.........................    -5.5    -5.8   -11.7   -12.7   -13.1   -11.8   -11.3    -8.7     -.3    -5.9     -.4     1.3      .5     2.6
      Electric, gas, and sanitary services...    29.4    32.2    28.1    31.4    26.5    29.6    33.0    31.1     2.8    -4.1    -4.9     3.1     3.4    -1.9

    Wholesale trade..........................    62.1    44.8    47.3    44.8    44.5    58.9    51.4    57.3   -17.3     2.5     -.3    14.4    -7.5     5.9
    Retail trade.............................    73.4    79.1    81.2    86.0    82.5    75.1    74.8    85.9     5.7     2.1    -3.5    -7.4     -.3    11.1
    Other....................................    91.0    98.8    83.9    78.9    80.6    91.5    96.1    79.3     7.8   -14.9     1.7    10.9     4.6   -16.8

Rest of the world............................   143.3   150.8   119.3   115.1   116.1   114.1   106.5   108.2     7.5   -31.5     1.0    -2.0    -7.6     1.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r Revised.
IVA    Inventory valuation adjustment
CCAdj. Capital consumption adjustment

                                    Table 12.--Gross Product of Nonfinancial Corporate Business
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
                                                                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                                  2000       2001       2002      II 02     III 02      IV 02       I 03r     II 03r
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                             Billions of dollars
                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Gross product of nonfinancial
     corporate business....................    5,295.0    5,354.2    5,493.1    5,489.0    5,504.8    5,554.7    5,590.4    5,668.7

Consumption of fixed capital...............      599.4      652.8      686.6      685.1      693.7      696.7      696.2      692.3

Net product................................    4,695.6    4,701.4    4,806.5    4,803.8    4,811.1    4,858.0    4,894.2    4,976.4
  Indirect business tax and nontax
   liability plus business transfer
   payments less subsidies.................      508.9      523.7      549.1      545.6      554.2      557.2      561.3      557.7
  Domestic income..........................    4,186.6    4,177.7    4,257.5    4,258.2    4,256.9    4,300.8    4,333.0    4,418.7
    Compensation of employees..............    3,542.1    3,573.5    3,605.0    3,604.4    3,615.0    3,630.5    3,650.9    3,666.6
      Wage and salary accruals.............    3,040.1    3,056.4    3,059.5    3,063.5    3,064.3    3,070.1    3,081.3    3,092.9
      Supplements to wages and salaries....      502.0      517.1      545.5      540.8      550.7      560.4      569.7      573.7
    Corporate profits with IVA and CCAdj...      461.8      407.4      458.4      459.3      447.6      474.4      486.5      557.0
      Profits before tax...................      437.9      328.8      328.6      324.4      336.3      364.4      391.3      365.5
        Profits tax liability..............      172.4      123.5      131.5      130.8      133.4      142.2      153.4      150.6
        Profits after tax..................      265.5      205.3      197.0      193.6      202.9      222.1      237.9      214.9
          Dividends........................      259.6      278.5      285.8      280.2      275.9      294.2      300.1      304.9
          Undistributed profits............        5.9      -73.2      -88.8      -86.6      -73.0      -72.1      -62.2      -90.0
      Inventory valuation adjustment.......      -15.0        5.0       -6.9       -5.7      -15.1       -8.5      -26.9       -2.2
      Capital consumption adjustment.......       38.8       73.6      136.7      140.6      126.4      118.6      122.1      193.7
    Net interest...........................      182.7      196.8      194.1      194.6      194.3      195.9      195.5      195.2
                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Billions of chained (1996) dollars
                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Gross product of nonfinancial
     corporate business\1\.................    5,148.3    5,141.8    5,301.9    5,298.7    5,320.7    5,357.1    5,382.1    5,464.9
Consumption of fixed capital\2\............      616.7      671.9      720.8      715.4      731.4      741.1      749.9      759.7
Net product\3\.............................    4,531.5    4,469.9    4,581.2    4,583.3    4,589.4    4,615.9    4,632.2    4,705.2
                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   Dollars
                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Price, costs, and profits per unit of
 real gross product of nonfinancial
 corporate business:

  Price per unit of real gross product
   of nonfinancial corporate business\4\...      1.029      1.041      1.036      1.036      1.035      1.037      1.039      1.037

  Compensation of employees
   (unit labor cost).......................       .688       .695       .680       .680       .679       .678       .678       .671

  Unit nonlabor cost.......................       .250       .267       .270       .269       .271       .271       .269       .265
    Consumption of fixed capital...........       .116       .127       .129       .129       .130       .130       .129       .127
    Indirect business tax and nontax
     liability plus business transfer
     payments less subsidies...............       .099       .102       .104       .103       .104       .104       .104       .102
    Net interest...........................       .035       .038       .037       .037       .037       .037       .036       .036

  Corporate profits with IVA and CCADj.
   (unit profits from current production)..       .090       .079       .086       .087       .084       .089       .090       .102
    Profits tax liability..................       .033       .024       .025       .025       .025       .027       .028       .028
    Profits after tax with IVA and CCAdj...       .056       .055       .062       .062       .059       .062       .062       .074
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  r Revised.  Revisions include changes to series affected by the
introduction of revised wage and salary estimates for the first
quarter of 2003.
  1. Effective November 26, 2002, the estimates of chained-dollar
gross product of nonfinancial corporate business beginning with 1999
have been revised to reflect the 2002 annual revision to the gross
product price indexes for nonfinancial industries.
  2. Chained-dollar consumption of fixed capital of nonfinancial
corporate business is calculated as the product of the chain-type
quantity index and the 1996 current-dollar value of the corresponding
series, divided by 100.
  3. Chained-dollar net product of nonfinancial corporate business
is the difference between the gross product and the consumption of
fixed capital.
  4. The deflator for gross product of nonfinancial corporate
business divided by 100.

                      Appendix Table A.--Real Gross Domestic Product and Related Aggregates and Price Indexes: Percent Change From Preceding Period
                                                         [Percent; quarters seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
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                                       2000   2001   2002 III 99  IV 99   I 00  II 00 III 00  IV 00   I 01  II 01 III 01  IV 01   I 02  II 02 III 02  IV 02   I 03  II 03r
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GDP and related aggregates:
  GDP...............................    3.8     .3    2.4    5.2    7.1    2.6    4.8     .6    1.1    -.6   -1.6    -.3    2.7    5.0    1.3    4.0    1.4    1.4    3.3

  Goods.............................    4.7   -2.3    3.3    8.2   12.0    1.4    6.9    -.5   -2.7   -4.4   -5.7   -1.5    4.3    8.3     .4    9.0   -1.6    2.2    2.5
  Services..........................    3.3    2.1    2.8    4.3    3.9    2.0    5.0    1.6    3.7     .9    1.2    1.8    3.2    2.8    3.5    2.5    3.1     .6    3.6
  Structures........................    2.7    -.1   -2.8   -1.9    6.2   10.7   -3.6   -1.2    1.7    6.1   -1.3   -7.1   -5.6    6.1   -8.4   -5.5    2.5    3.6    4.3

  Motor vehicle output..............   -2.7   -6.1   12.8   21.0    2.0   -1.6   -7.9  -16.4  -18.1  -19.1   19.4   10.7   16.3    9.9    8.1   37.1  -13.4   -1.8   -3.3
  GDP less motor vehicle output.....    4.0     .5    2.1    4.6    7.3    2.7    5.4    1.2    1.8     .0   -2.2    -.6    2.3    4.9    1.0    3.0    1.9    1.5    3.5

  Final sales of computers\1\.......   29.5    9.1   13.0   35.1   -3.9   56.9   45.2    9.6   10.2   30.0  -19.1   -5.3   28.9   -7.8   13.1   78.5   26.7   28.2   27.8
  GDP less final sales of computers.    3.5     .2    2.4    4.9    7.2    2.2    4.5     .5    1.0    -.8   -1.4    -.2    2.6    5.1    1.2    3.6    1.2    1.3    3.1

  Farm product\2\...................   11.5   -5.1     .4   -7.3    8.7   35.1    4.7   15.3  -19.1  -10.6  -17.5   -4.3   74.0  -14.2  -26.7    7.9    9.5    2.4  -10.4

  Nonfarm business less housing
   product\3\.......................    4.1    -.1    2.8    6.0    8.5    2.1    5.6     .3    1.2    -.9   -2.8    -.8    3.0    6.3     .9    5.4    1.8    1.5    4.9

Price indexes:
  GDP...............................    2.1    2.4    1.1    1.2    1.7    3.1    2.3    1.6    2.1    3.7    2.5    2.2    -.5    1.3    1.2    1.0    1.8    2.4    1.0
  GDP less food and energy..........    2.0    2.0    1.4    1.3    1.8    2.7    2.1    1.6    1.9    2.8    1.6    2.8     .0    1.6    1.5    1.1    1.6    1.8     .6
  GDP less final sales of computers.    2.3    2.6    1.3    1.5    1.9    3.3    2.5    1.8    2.2    4.1    2.7    2.4    -.4    1.5    1.4    1.2    1.9    2.5    1.1

  Gross domestic purchases..........    2.5    1.9    1.2    1.9    2.2    3.7    2.2    2.2    2.1    3.3    1.7    -.2     .4    1.2    2.3    1.2    1.8    3.4     .4
  Gross domestic purchases less
   food and energy..................    1.9    1.8    1.4    1.2    1.7    2.7    1.9    1.5    1.7    2.9    1.3     .6    2.0    1.4    1.5    1.2    1.5    1.8     .8
  Gross domestic purchases less
   final sales of computers.........    2.8    2.2    1.4    2.2    2.4    3.9    2.4    2.4    2.3    3.8    2.0     .1     .7    1.4    2.4    1.4    2.0    3.6     .5

  Personal consumption expenditures.    2.5    2.0    1.4    2.2    2.4    3.4    2.3    2.1    2.2    3.3    1.8    -.1     .8    1.1    2.7    1.7    1.8    2.7     .8
  Personal consumption expenditures
   less food and energy.............    1.8    1.8    1.7    1.5    1.7    2.2    1.8    1.3    1.8    2.8    1.2     .7    2.7    1.4    1.9    1.8    1.5     .8    1.1
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  r Revised.
  1. For some components of final sales of computers, includes
computer parts.
  2. Farm output less intermediate goods and services purchased.
  3. Consists of GDP less gross product of farm, of housing,
of households and institutions, and of general government.
  See "Explanatory Note" at the end of the tables.


              Explanatory Note:  Measures of Output and Prices

     This note describes the calculation of chain-type quantity and price indexes used in the NIPA's.

     Changes in current-dollar GDP measure changes in the market value of goods, services, and structures produced in the
economy in a particular period.  These changes can be decomposed into quantity and price components.  Quantities, or
"real" measures, and prices are expressed as index numbers with the reference year--at present, the year 1996--equal to
100. 

     The annual changes in quantities and prices are calculated using a Fisher formula that incorporates weights from two
adjacent years.  (Quarterly changes in quantities and prices are calculated using a Fisher formula that incorporates weights
from two adjacent quarters; quarterly indexes are adjusted for consistency to the annual indexes before percent changes
are calculated.)  For example, the 2000-01 annual percent change in real GDP uses prices for 2000 and 2001 as weights,
and the 2000-01 annual percent change in GDP prices uses quantities for 2000 and 2001 as weights.  These annual
changes are "chained" (multiplied) together to form time series of quantity and price indexes.  The Fisher formula
produces percent changes in quantities and prices that are not affected by the choice of reference years.  In addition,
because the changes in quantities and prices calculated in this way are symmetric, in general, the product of a quantity
index and the corresponding price index equals the current-dollar index.  (BEA also publishes a measure of the price level
known as the "implicit price deflator (IPD)," which is calculated as the ratio of current-dollar value to the corresponding
chained-dollar value, multiplied by 100.  The values of the IPD are very close to the values of the corresponding
"chain-type" price index for all periods.)

     Chain-type quantity and price indexes for GDP and its major components are presented in this release as index
numbers in table 5 and in the form of percentage changes from the preceding period in tables 1, 4, 6 and from the quarter
one year ago in table 7. Contributions by major components to changes in real GDP are presented in table 2.  BEA also
prepares measures of real GDP and its components in a dollar-denominated form, designated "chained (1996) dollar
estimates."  For GDP and most other series, these estimates, which are presented in table 3, are computed by multiplying
the 1996 current-dollar value by a corresponding quantity index number and then dividing by 100.  For example, if a
current-dollar GDP component equaled $100 in 1996 and if real output for this component increased 10 percent in 1997,
then the chained (1996) dollar value of this component in 1997 would be $110 ($100 x 1.10).  

     For analyses of changes over time in an aggregate or in a component, the percentage changes calculated from the
chained-dollar estimates and from the chain-type quantity indexes are the same; any differences will be small and due to
rounding.  However, because the relative prices used as weights for any period other than the reference year differ from
those used for the reference year, the chained-dollar values for the detailed GDP components will not necessarily sum to
the chained-dollar estimate of GDP or to any intermediate aggregate.  A measure of the extent of such differences is
provided by a "residual" line, which indicates the difference between GDP (or another major aggregate) and the sum of
the most detailed components in the table.  For periods close to the reference year, when there usually has not been much
change in the relative prices that are used as weights for the chain-type index, the residuals tend to be small, and the
chained (1996) dollar estimates can be used to approximate the contributions to growth and to aggregate the detailed
estimates.  As one moves further from the reference year, the residual tends to become larger, and the chained-dollar
estimates become less useful for analyses of contributions to growth.  Thus, the contributions to percent change shown in
table 2 provide a better measure of the composition of GDP growth.  In particular, for components for which relative
prices are changing rapidly, calculation of contributions using chained-dollar estimates may be misleading even just a few
years from the reference year.
     
References: "A Preview of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the NIPA's: Statistical Changes," October 1999 Survey,
pp. 6-17; "A Guide to the NIPA's," March 1998 Survey, pp. 36-40; "BEA's Chain Indexes, Time Series, and Measures of
Long-Term Economic Growth," May 1997 Survey, pp. 58-68.