EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, THURSDAY, AUGUST 29, 2013
BEA 13-38


* See the navigation bar at the right side of the news release text for links to data tables,
contact personnel and their telephone numbers, and supplementary materials.


Lisa S. Mataloni: (202) 606-5304 (GDP) gdpniwd@bea.gov
Kate Shoemaker: (202) 606-5564 (Profits) cpniwd@bea.gov
Recorded message: (202) 606-5306    
Thomas Dail: (202) 606-2649 (News Media)  
Jeannine Aversa: (202) 606-2649 (News Media)  
National Income and Product Accounts
Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2013 (second estimate);
   Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2013 (preliminary estimate)
      Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property
located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 2.5 percent in the second quarter of 2013
(that is, from the first quarter to the second quarter), according to the "second" estimate released by the
Bureau of Economic Analysis.  In the first quarter, real GDP increased 1.1 percent.

      The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for
the "advance" estimate issued last month.  In the advance estimate, the increase in real GDP was 1.7
percent.  With this second estimate for the second quarter, the increase in exports was larger than
previously estimated, and the increase in imports was smaller than previously estimated (see "Revisions"
on page 3).

      The increase in real GDP in the second quarter primarily reflected positive contributions from
personal consumption expenditures (PCE), exports, private inventory investment, nonresidential fixed
investment, and residential fixed investment that were partly offset by a negative contribution from
federal government spending. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

	The acceleration in real GDP in the second quarter primarily reflected upturns in exports and in
nonresidential fixed investment and a smaller decrease in federal government spending that were partly
offset by an acceleration in imports and decelerations in private inventory investment and in PCE.

_____
FOOTNOTE.  Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise
specified.  Quarter-to-quarter dollar changes are differences between these published estimates.
Percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are annualized.  "Real" estimates are in
chained (2009) dollars.  Price indexes are chain-type measures.


      This news release is available on BEAs Web site along with the Technical Note
and Highlights related to this release.  For information on revisions,
see "Revisions to GDP, GDI, and Their Major Components".
_____

      The price index for gross domestic purchases, which measures prices paid by U.S. residents,
increased 0.3 percent in the second quarter, unrevised from the advance estimate; this index increased
1.2 percent in the first quarter.  Excluding food and energy prices, the price index for gross domestic
purchases increased 0.9 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 1.4 percent in the
first.

      Real personal consumption expenditures increased 1.8 percent in the second quarter, compared
with an increase of 2.3 percent in the first.  Durable goods increased 6.1 percent, compared with an
increase of 5.8 percent.  Nondurable goods increased 1.8 percent, compared with an increase of 2.7
percent.  Services increased 1.1 percent, compared with an increase of 1.5 percent.

      Real nonresidential fixed investment increased 4.4 percent in the second quarter, in contrast to a
decrease of 4.6 percent in the first.  Nonresidential structures increased 16.1 percent, in contrast to a
decrease of 25.7 percent.  Equipment increased 2.9 percent, compared with an increase of 1.6 percent.
Intellectual property products decreased 0.9 percent, in contrast to an increase of 3.7 percent.  Real
residential fixed investment increased 12.9 percent, compared with an increase of 12.5 percent.

      Real exports of goods and services increased 8.6 percent in the second quarter, in contrast to a
decrease of 1.3 percent in the first.  Real imports of goods and services increased 7.0 percent, compared
with an increase of 0.6 percent.

      Real federal government consumption expenditures and gross investment decreased 1.6 percent
in the second quarter, compared with a decrease of 8.4 percent in the first.  National defense decreased
0.6 percent, compared with a decrease of 11.2 percent.  Nondefense decreased 3.2 percent, compared
with a decrease of 3.6 percent.  Real state and local government consumption expenditures and gross
investment decreased 0.5 percent, compared with a decrease of 1.3 percent.

      The change in real private inventories added 0.59 percentage point to the second-quarter change
in real GDP, after adding 0.93 percentage point to the first-quarter change.  Private businesses increased
inventories $62.6 billion in the second quarter, following increases of $42.2 billion in the first quarter
and $7.3 billion in the fourth.

      Real final sales of domestic product -- GDP less change in private inventories -- increased 1.9
percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 0.2 percent in the first.


Gross domestic purchases

      Real gross domestic purchases -- purchases by U.S. residents of goods and services wherever
produced -- increased 2.4 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 1.4 percent in the
first.


Gross national product

      Real gross national product -- the goods and services produced by the labor and property
supplied by U.S. residents -- increased 3.0 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of
0.6 percent in the first.  GNP includes, and GDP excludes, net receipts of income from the rest of the
world, which increased $16.8 billion in the second quarter after decreasing $17.5 billion in the first; in
the second quarter, receipts increased $1.3 billion, and payments decreased $15.5 billion.


Current-dollar GDP

      Current-dollar GDP -- the market value of the nation's output of goods and services -- increased
3.2 percent, or $132.6 billion, in the second quarter to a level of $16,667.9 billion.  In the first quarter,
current-dollar GDP increased 2.8 percent, or $115.0 billion.


Gross domestic income

      Real gross domestic income (GDI), which measures the output of the economy as the costs
incurred and the incomes earned in the production of GDP, increased 2.5 percent in the second quarter,
compared with an increase of 2.4 percent (revised) in the first.  For a given quarter, the estimates of
GDP and GDI may differ for a variety of reasons, including the incorporation of largely independent
source data.  However, over longer time spans, the estimates of GDP and GDI tend to follow similar
patterns of change.


Revisions

      The upward revision to the percent change in real GDP primarily reflected an upward revision to
exports, a downward revision to imports, and an upward revision to private inventory investment that
were partly offset by a downward revision to state and local government spending.

                                                         Advance Estimate             Second Estimate
                                                           (Percent change from preceding quarter)

Real GDP..........................................              1.7                        2.5
Current-dollar GDP................................              2.4                        3.2
Gross domestic purchases price index..............              0.3                        0.3


                                             Corporate Profits

      Profits from current production (corporate profits with inventory valuation adjustment (IVA) and
capital consumption adjustment (CCAdj)) increased $78.3 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a
decrease of $26.6 billion in the first.  Taxes on corporate income increased $10.5 billion, in contrast to a
decrease of $25.0 billion.  Profits after tax with IVA and CCAdj increased $67.9 billion, in contrast to a
decrease of $1.7 billion.

      Dividends increased $273.8 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $103.8
billion in the first.  The large second-quarter increase primarily reflected dividends paid by Fannie Mae
to the federal government.  Undistributed profits decreased $205.9 billion, in contrast to an increase of
$102.1 billion.  Net cash flow with IVA -- the internal funds available to corporations for investment --
decreased $194.6 billion, in contrast to an increase of $140.7 billion.


_____
BOX.
     Profits from current production reflect the depreciation of fixed assets valued at current cost using
consistent depreciation profiles.  These profiles are based on used-asset prices and do not depend on the
depreciation-accounting practices used for federal income tax returns.  The IVA and CCAdj are
adjustments that convert inventory withdrawals and depreciation of fixed assets reported on a tax-return,
historical-cost basis to the current-cost economic measures used in the national income and product
accounts.
_____



Corporate profits by industry

      Domestic profits of financial corporations increased $14.3 billion in the second quarter, in
contrast to a decrease of $4.1 billion in the first.  Domestic profits of nonfinancial corporations increased
$50.4 billion, in contrast to a decrease of $3.1 billion.

      The rest-of-the-world component of profits increased $13.6 billion in the second quarter, in
contrast to a decrease of $19.6 billion in the first.  This measure is calculated as the difference between
receipts from rest of the world and payments to rest of the world.


Gross value added of nonfinancial domestic corporate business

       In the second quarter, real gross value added of nonfinancial corporations increased, and profits
per unit of real value added increased.  The increase in unit profits reflected decreases in both the unit
nonlabor and labor costs incurred by corporations; unit prices were unchanged.

                                   *          *          *

      BEA's national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business;
and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site at www.bea.gov.  By visiting
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                                   *          *          *


                    Next release -- September 26, 2013, at 8:30 A.M. EDT for:
                  Gross Domestic Product:  Second Quarter 2013 (Third Estimate)
                   Corporate Profits:  Second Quarter 2013 (Revised Estimate)