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EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EST, Wednesday, December 15, 2004
Sharon Panek: (202) 606–9228
Clifford Woodruff: (202) 606–9234 BEA 04—56

 

COMPREHENSIVE REVISION OF GROSS STATE PRODUCT (GSP), 1977-2002
AND ACCELERATED GSP ESTIMATES FOR 2003

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is today releasing new and revised estimates of gross state product (GSP), the most comprehensive measure of the overall economic activity of each state. Today's release provides prototype accelerated GSP estimates for 2003 and the first GSP estimates on a North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) basis for 1998-2002.1

Highlights for 2003

  • In 2003, GSP growth accelerated in 38 states and was positive in all states.
  • Most of the fastest growing states in 2003 are states that have large concentrations of farming and/or mining activity, including
    • Louisiana, Wyoming, Nevada, North Dakota, and Montana, which have large concentrations of mining activity; and
    • North and South Dakota, Montana, and Nebraska, which have large concentrations of farming activity.
      Chart 1: map of United States showing percent change in current dollar gross state product, 2002-2003
  • For 1999–2003, the fastest growing states—those in the top growth quintile in 2003—were also generally the faster growing states throughout the period, and the slowest growing states—those in the lowest growth quintile in 2003—were generally the slow growing states throughout the period.

Industry Detail for 2002

  • In 2002, all states except Louisiana and New York had positive real GSP growth. States in the highest growth quintile had strong growth in services-providing industries.
  • High-tech manufacturing, in particular, computer and electronic product manufacturing, was one of the largest contributors to growth in Idaho, Arizona, Minnesota, and New Mexico for 2001–2002.

Revisions to the Estimates

  • For 1998–2000, patterns of state economic growth from the revised estimates are similar to those previously published. Based on average annual growth, three states moved out of the top growth quintile into a lower quintile, while only one state moved from the bottom growth quintile.
  • The industries with the largest revisions are insurance and banking, where BEA improved the measurement of output for this comprehensive revision. Revisions to these industries are relatively large in certain states.
  • The revisions to total GSP for 1977–97 are small in all states, with the largest percentage revision in an economic census year in Louisiana (-2.6 percent in 1992), due mainly to improvements in methodology of the banking and insurance sectors.

Tables 1-4 show these results in more detail. All of these data are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

BEA is interested in your comments

This release marks the first step toward regularly providing more timely estimates of GSP by industry. More details on the 2003 prototype estimates and methodology and on this comprehensive revision of BEA's GSP estimates will appear in an article in the January 2005 issue of the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal. Given the experimental nature of the accelerated estimates, BEA is interested in your views on the proposed methodology for the estimates, the appropriate level of industry detail, and the tradeoff between accuracy and timeliness. We encourage your feedback on the value of this initiative in BEA's Strategic Plan. Please e-mail your comments to BEA's Associate Director for Regional Economics, John W. Ruser, at gspread@bea.gov

Additional Information

Estimates for 1977–2002 are provided on both a nominal and chained dollar basis, while the prototype 2003 estimates are provided on a nominal basis only. The comprehensive revisions to these estimates, which are carried out every 4 to 5 years, are an important part of BEA's regular process for improving and modernizing its accounts to keep pace with the changing U.S. economy.

The prototype 2003 GSP estimates are being released 12 months after the reference year, an acceleration of six months from the previous schedule. The 2003 estimates are based on BEA wage and salary and proprietors' income estimates released September 28, 2004 and on accelerated GDP by industry estimates released June 17, 2004. Next year, as part of its Strategic Plan goal of significantly accelerating the release of its estimates, BEA plans to release both nominal dollar and real total GSP estimates for 2004 six months after the reference year, and it plans to release NAICS sector-level accelerated GSP estimates 11 months after the reference year.

1 For users interested in a longer historical time series, we also are providing revised GSP estimates for 1977–97 on a Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) basis.

 

                                            Table 1.  Gross State Product in Current Dollars, 2000-2003
                                                               [Ranked by 2003 percent change]

                                 Millions of dollars                         Percent change         Percent of U.S. total
                         -------------------------------------------   -------------------------  --------------------------
                               2000       2001       2002       2003*  2000   2001   2002  2003*   2000   2001   2002  2003*

United States             9,749,105 10,031,393 10,407,141 10,911,103    6.0    2.9    3.7    4.8  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0

   Wyoming                   17,798     19,303     20,285     22,265    8.9    8.5    5.1    9.8    0.2    0.2    0.2    0.2
   Nevada                    73,528     77,077     81,182     87,727    6.6    4.8    5.3    8.1    0.8    0.8    0.8    0.8
   North Dakota              17,936     18,500     19,780     21,365    5.2    3.1    6.9    8.0    0.2    0.2    0.2    0.2
   Nebraska                  55,869     58,117     60,962     65,793    3.8    4.0    4.9    7.9    0.6    0.6    0.6    0.6
   Montana                   21,535     22,495     23,773     25,510    4.6    4.5    5.7    7.3    0.2    0.2    0.2    0.2
   Rhode Island              33,504     34,888     36,988     39,569    7.4    4.1    6.0    7.0    0.3    0.3    0.4    0.4
   Hawaii                    39,989     41,630     43,998     47,066    3.4    4.1    5.7    7.0    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4
   Louisiana                131,531    132,899    131,584    140,166    6.8    1.0   -1.0    6.5    1.3    1.3    1.3    1.3
   South Dakota              23,140     23,901     25,003     26,578    6.5    3.3    4.6    6.3    0.2    0.2    0.2    0.2
   Arizona                  157,424    163,218    171,781    182,208    6.4    3.7    5.2    6.1    1.6    1.6    1.7    1.7

   Virginia                 258,280    275,725    287,589    304,432    7.6    6.8    4.3    5.9    2.6    2.7    2.8    2.8
   California             1,296,637  1,322,584  1,367,785  1,446,430    9.1    2.0    3.4    5.7   13.3   13.2   13.1   13.3
   Alaska                    27,498     26,947     29,708     31,410   12.2   -2.0   10.2    5.7    0.3    0.3    0.3    0.3
   Florida                  469,532    493,218    520,500    550,005    6.2    5.0    5.5    5.7    4.8    4.9    5.0    5.0
   New Mexico                50,515     50,745     53,515     56,523    2.4    0.5    5.5    5.6    0.5    0.5    0.5    0.5
   New Hampshire             42,655     43,834     46,448     49,047    6.2    2.8    6.0    5.6    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4
   Oklahoma                  90,266     92,406     95,126    100,383    7.0    2.4    2.9    5.5    0.9    0.9    0.9    0.9
   Kentucky                 113,311    117,151    122,282    128,982   -1.8    3.4    4.4    5.5    1.2    1.2    1.2    1.2
   Vermont                   17,799     18,725     19,604     20,670    5.4    5.2    4.7    5.4    0.2    0.2    0.2    0.2
   Minnesota                185,199    189,701    200,061    210,781    6.9    2.4    5.5    5.4    1.9    1.9    1.9    1.9

   Alabama                  116,265    120,291    125,567    132,145    2.3    3.5    4.4    5.2    1.2    1.2    1.2    1.2
   Maryland                 179,929    191,293    201,879    212,444    5.3    6.3    5.5    5.2    1.8    1.9    1.9    1.9
   Washington               220,459    224,207    232,940    244,915    3.1    1.7    3.9    5.1    2.3    2.2    2.2    2.2
   Texas                    723,842    744,842    773,455    813,112    8.5    2.9    3.8    5.1    7.4    7.4    7.4    7.5
   Tennessee                175,350    180,792    190,122    199,786    2.8    3.1    5.2    5.1    1.8    1.8    1.8    1.8
   Arkansas                  66,700     69,063     71,929     75,528    1.5    3.5    4.2    5.0    0.7    0.7    0.7    0.7
   Maine                     35,485     36,989     39,039     40,960    6.2    4.2    5.5    4.9    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4
   Wisconsin                177,561    183,055    190,650    200,014    4.1    3.1    4.1    4.9    1.8    1.8    1.8    1.8
   Iowa                      91,488     93,219     98,232    103,053    4.8    1.9    5.4    4.9    0.9    0.9    0.9    0.9
   Pennsylvania             394,649    409,934    428,950    449,947    3.9    3.9    4.6    4.9    4.0    4.1    4.1    4.1

   Idaho                     35,251     36,634     38,558     40,403    7.1    3.9    5.3    4.8    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4
   North Carolina           273,278    284,769    300,216    314,377    6.5    4.2    5.4    4.7    2.8    2.8    2.9    2.9
   Georgia                  289,145    296,786    305,829    320,007    4.8    2.6    3.0    4.6    3.0    3.0    2.9    2.9
   Mississippi               64,930     66,233     69,136     72,293    1.8    2.0    4.4    4.6    0.7    0.7    0.7    0.7
   New Jersey               345,519    362,866    380,169    397,469    5.6    5.0    4.8    4.6    3.5    3.6    3.7    3.6
   Oregon                   112,587    111,168    115,138    120,289    7.8   -1.3    3.6    4.5    1.2    1.1    1.1    1.1
   Indiana                  195,881    196,542    204,946    214,080    4.8    0.3    4.3    4.5    2.0    2.0    2.0    2.0
   Colorado                 170,350    176,016    179,410    187,120    9.6    3.3    1.9    4.3    1.7    1.8    1.7    1.7
   Kansas                    83,617     86,887     89,508     93,352    5.4    3.9    3.0    4.3    0.9    0.9    0.9    0.9
   Delaware                  42,129     44,768     47,150     49,146    6.0    6.3    5.3    4.2    0.4    0.4    0.5    0.5

   South Carolina           112,977    117,757    122,354    127,251    3.3    4.2    3.9    4.0    1.2    1.2    1.2    1.2
   Connecticut              157,988    162,411    165,744    172,378    6.6    2.8    2.1    4.0    1.6    1.6    1.6    1.6
   Michigan                 337,976    338,698    351,287    365,277    2.9    0.2    3.7    4.0    3.5    3.4    3.4    3.3
   Utah                      68,038     70,204     72,974     75,781    6.8    3.2    3.9    3.8    0.7    0.7    0.7    0.7
   West Virginia             42,393     43,878     45,518     47,256    0.8    3.5    3.7    3.8    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.4
   Ohio                     371,952    374,504    388,224    403,015    3.1    0.7    3.7    3.8    3.8    3.7    3.7    3.7
   Missouri                 175,948    180,977    187,543    194,611    4.4    2.9    3.6    3.8    1.8    1.8    1.8    1.8
   New York                 762,096    782,552    792,058    821,667    6.2    2.7    1.2    3.7    7.8    7.8    7.6    7.5
   Massachusetts            277,103    283,012    288,088    297,343    9.4    2.1    1.8    3.2    2.8    2.8    2.8    2.7
   Illinois                 466,338    475,265    486,139    499,466    4.9    1.9    2.3    2.7    4.8    4.7    4.7    4.6

   District of Columbia      57,936     62,718     66,440     69,707    4.2    8.3    5.9    4.9    0.6    0.6    0.6    0.6

BEA Regions
   New England              564,534    579,858    595,910    619,967    7.9    2.7    2.8    4.0    5.8    5.8    5.7    5.7
   Mideast                1,782,257  1,854,131  1,916,646  2,000,380    5.4    4.0    3.4    4.4   18.3   18.5   18.4   18.3
   Great Lakes            1,549,707  1,568,064  1,621,245  1,681,853    3.9    1.2    3.4    3.7   15.9   15.6   15.6   15.4
   Plains                   633,198    651,302    681,089    715,532    5.4    2.9    4.6    5.1    6.5    6.5    6.5    6.6
   Southeast              2,113,693  2,198,562  2,292,624  2,412,228    4.7    4.0    4.3    5.2   21.7   21.9   22.0   22.1
   Southwest              1,022,047  1,051,211  1,093,877  1,152,226    7.7    2.9    4.1    5.3   10.5   10.5   10.5   10.6
   Rocky Mountain           312,973    324,653    334,999    351,079    8.3    3.7    3.2    4.8    3.2    3.2    3.2    3.2
   Far West               1,770,697  1,803,615  1,870,751  1,977,837    8.1    1.9    3.7    5.7   18.2   18.0   18.0   18.1
* Prototype estimates
Source:  U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


                                     Table  2.  Real Gross State Product, 1998-2002

                                     Millions of chained (2000) dollars                  Percent change
                          ------------------------------------------------------   -------------------------
                                1998       1999       2000       2001       2002   1999   2000   2001   2002

United States              9,004,664  9,404,246  9,749,105  9,809,501 10,014,936    4.4    3.7    0.6    2.1

   New England               508,805    530,553    564,534    569,384    574,116    4.3    6.4    0.9    0.8
      Connecticut            148,276    151,013    157,988    158,810    158,902    1.8    4.6    0.5    0.1
      Maine                   33,333     34,321     35,485     36,059     37,172    3.0    3.4    1.6    3.1
      Massachusetts          240,727    255,668    277,103    279,049    279,265    6.2    8.4    0.7    0.1
      New Hampshire           39,237     40,531     42,655     43,138     44,813    3.3    5.2    1.1    3.9
      Rhode Island            31,016     31,993     33,504     33,908     35,001    3.1    4.7    1.2    3.2
      Vermont                 16,307     17,058     17,799     18,419     18,940    4.6    4.3    3.5    2.8

   Mideast                 1,660,122  1,720,392  1,782,257  1,812,050  1,837,404    3.6    3.6    1.7    1.4
      Delaware                39,141     41,178     42,129     43,569     44,825    5.2    2.3    3.4    2.9
      District of Columbia    54,692     57,498     57,936     60,532     61,938    5.1    0.8    4.5    2.3
      Maryland               168,398    174,809    179,929    186,033    191,655    3.8    2.9    3.4    3.0
      New Jersey             326,048    333,959    345,519    354,820    365,546    2.4    3.5    2.7    3.0
      New York               692,667    725,033    762,096    768,164    764,139    4.7    5.1    0.8   -0.5
      Pennsylvania           379,343    388,010    394,649    398,903    409,143    2.3    1.7    1.1    2.6

   Great Lakes             1,482,062  1,521,906  1,549,707  1,529,275  1,554,502    2.7    1.8   -1.3    1.6
      Illinois               441,504    453,781    466,338    463,374    465,914    2.8    2.8   -0.6    0.5
      Indiana                185,982    190,563    195,881    191,457    196,588    2.5    2.8   -2.3    2.7
      Michigan               323,876    335,292    337,976    330,622    337,708    3.5    0.8   -2.2    2.1
      Ohio                   363,492    368,411    371,952    365,389    372,077    1.4    1.0   -1.8    1.8
      Wisconsin              167,212    173,865    177,561    178,430    182,215    4.0    2.1    0.5    2.1

   Plains                    601,322    613,513    633,198    634,918    651,884    2.0    3.2    0.3    2.7
      Iowa                    87,287     88,777     91,488     90,590     93,613    1.7    3.1   -1.0    3.3
      Kansas                  79,614     81,432     83,617     84,400     85,535    2.3    2.7    0.9    1.3
      Minnesota              171,833    176,701    185,199    185,720    192,612    2.8    4.8    0.3    3.7
      Missouri               169,908    172,388    175,948    176,446    179,326    1.5    2.1    0.3    1.6
      Nebraska                53,791     54,780     55,869     56,473     57,987    1.8    2.0    1.1    2.7
      North Dakota            17,901     17,460     17,936     17,932     18,876   -2.5    2.7    0.0    5.3
      South Dakota            21,010     21,983     23,140     23,357     23,944    4.6    5.3    0.9    2.5

   Southeast               1,989,427  2,072,914  2,113,693  2,141,936  2,193,457    4.2    2.0    1.3    2.4
      Alabama                111,855    116,180    116,265    117,156    119,965    3.9    0.1    0.8    2.4
      Arkansas                64,232     67,219     66,700     67,148     68,790    4.7   -0.8    0.7    2.4
      Florida                435,006    452,873    469,532    481,004    497,016    4.1    3.7    2.4    3.3
      Georgia                264,798    281,559    289,145    290,138    293,752    6.3    2.7    0.3    1.2
      Kentucky               115,170    117,656    113,311    113,971    116,992    2.2   -3.7    0.6    2.7
      Louisiana              133,027    136,292    131,531    128,864    128,775    2.5   -3.5   -2.0   -0.1
      Mississippi             63,950     65,513     64,930     64,320     65,923    2.4   -0.9   -0.9    2.5
      North Carolina         249,090    260,755    273,278    277,408    286,307    4.7    4.8    1.5    3.2
      South Carolina         107,595    111,623    112,977    114,572    116,695    3.7    1.2    1.4    1.9
      Tennessee              168,932    174,533    175,350    176,555    182,219    3.3    0.5    0.7    3.2
      Virginia               234,333    245,913    258,280    268,536    274,034    4.9    5.0    4.0    2.0
      West Virginia           41,859     43,032     42,393     42,277     42,968    2.8   -1.5   -0.3    1.6

   Southwest                 934,387    983,533  1,022,047  1,030,819  1,067,429    5.3    3.9    0.9    3.6
      Arizona                138,423    149,029    157,424    161,278    166,972    7.7    5.6    2.4    3.5
      New Mexico              46,070     50,099     50,515     50,289     52,743    8.7    0.8   -0.4    4.9
      Oklahoma                84,856     87,613     90,266     90,164     91,869    3.2    3.0   -0.1    1.9
      Texas                  665,263    696,809    723,842    729,097    755,872    4.7    3.9    0.7    3.7

   Rocky Mountain            277,064    295,252    312,973    317,639    322,653    6.6    6.0    1.5    1.6
      Colorado               147,108    158,264    170,350    172,781    173,304    7.6    7.6    1.4    0.3
      Idaho                   30,113     33,018     35,251     36,251     37,753    9.6    6.8    2.8    4.1
      Montana                 20,758     21,093     21,535     21,701     22,517    1.6    2.1    0.8    3.8
      Utah                    62,685     65,428     68,038     68,386     69,526    4.4    4.0    0.5    1.7
      Wyoming                 16,471     17,480     17,798     18,519     19,542    6.1    1.8    4.0    5.5

   Far West                1,552,013  1,666,471  1,770,697  1,773,473  1,813,604    7.4    6.3    0.2    2.3
      Alaska                  26,520     27,285     27,498     26,132     28,915    2.9    0.8   -5.0   10.7
      California           1,115,008  1,205,254  1,296,637  1,302,467  1,329,628    8.1    7.6    0.4    2.1
      Hawaii                  39,583     39,787     39,989     40,490     41,804    0.5    0.5    1.3    3.2
      Nevada                  67,242     70,905     73,528     74,896     77,248    5.4    3.7    1.9    3.1
      Oregon                 100,990    104,510    112,587    110,764    113,165    3.5    7.7   -1.6    2.2
      Washington             202,958    218,905    220,459    218,726    222,813    7.9    0.7   -0.8    1.9
Source:  U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

                                        Table 3.  Contributions to Average Annual Growth in Real Gross State Product, 1998-2002


                                                                                   Percentage points
                                Average       ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              annual growth      Natural    Con-        Durable    Nondurable             Trans-      Infor-  Financial   Professional  Education  Leisure and  Other
                              in real gross     resources struction   goods manu-  goods manu-   Trade  portation     mation  activities  and business  and health hospitality services    Government
                                  state           and                  facturing    facturing          and utilities                        services    services
                                 product         mining

United States                      2.7             0.03    -0.03         0.29         -0.04       0.63       0.07       0.30     0.71          0.33       0.19       0.08       -0.02          0.16

   New England                     3.1             0.04     0.09         0.43         -0.09       0.61       0.00       0.25     1.05          0.31       0.19       0.09       -0.01          0.10
      Connecticut                  1.7             0.01    -0.05        -0.11          0.00       0.44      -0.01       0.14     1.04          0.05       0.11       0.06       -0.06          0.11
      Maine                        2.8             0.14     0.02         0.27         -0.37       0.84       0.04       0.18     0.58          0.26       0.41       0.12       -0.07          0.35
      Massachusetts                3.8             0.03     0.19         0.85         -0.09       0.54      -0.01       0.33     1.10          0.53       0.17       0.09        0.02          0.01
      New Hampshire                3.4             0.03     0.12        -0.32         -0.19       1.13       0.08       0.30     1.28          0.22       0.37       0.13       -0.03          0.25
      Rhode Island                 3.1             0.05     0.09         0.15         -0.14       0.85       0.01       0.23     1.20          0.19       0.08       0.20       -0.01          0.18
      Vermont                      3.8             0.07    -0.06         1.38         -0.16       0.93      -0.03       0.20     0.53          0.04       0.47       0.10       -0.01          0.35

   Mideast                         2.6             0.01     0.02         0.06          0.08       0.55       0.03       0.30     0.87          0.41       0.13       0.05       -0.02          0.06
      Delaware                     3.4            -0.01    -0.07         0.37          0.11       0.56       0.10       0.14     1.72          0.13       0.14       0.07       -0.02          0.20
      District of Columbia         3.2             0.00     0.02         0.00         -0.04       0.07       0.08       0.61     0.45          1.12       0.08       0.17        0.05          0.56
      Maryland                     3.3             0.01     0.04         0.08          0.04       0.65       0.04       0.23     0.99          0.63       0.25       0.07        0.00          0.25
      New Jersey                   2.9             0.01     0.06         0.16          0.15       0.74      -0.01       0.19     1.02          0.30       0.16       0.05       -0.01          0.08
      New York                     2.5             0.02     0.02         0.05          0.00       0.47       0.04       0.38     0.97          0.40       0.10       0.06       -0.02          0.02
      Pennsylvania                 1.9             0.02    -0.02        -0.03          0.21       0.59       0.04       0.25     0.45          0.35       0.12       0.03       -0.04         -0.07

   Great Lakes                     1.2            -0.01    -0.10         0.06         -0.06       0.49       0.04       0.14     0.26          0.11       0.15       0.05       -0.05          0.09
      Illinois                     1.4             0.00    -0.01        -0.06          0.00       0.56       0.05       0.18     0.32          0.10       0.14       0.02       -0.05          0.10
      Indiana                      1.4            -0.01    -0.19         0.46          0.01       0.49       0.03       0.09     0.20          0.09       0.16       0.07       -0.04          0.04
      Michigan                     1.1             0.01    -0.11         0.35         -0.18       0.39       0.08       0.13     0.10          0.07       0.12       0.08       -0.05          0.07
      Ohio                         0.6            -0.04    -0.16        -0.31         -0.12       0.44       0.00       0.12     0.28          0.13       0.13       0.03       -0.04          0.12
      Wisconsin                    2.2             0.02    -0.07         0.17          0.08       0.63       0.06       0.20     0.46          0.21       0.28       0.08       -0.07          0.10

   Plains                          2.0             0.01    -0.03         0.14         -0.10       0.60       0.09       0.31     0.51          0.19       0.20       0.06       -0.04          0.10
      Iowa                         1.8             0.11    -0.14         0.10          0.12       0.48       0.09       0.14     0.68          0.03       0.15       0.02       -0.05          0.03
      Kansas                       1.8            -0.05    -0.10        -0.03         -0.03       0.52       0.10       1.03     0.24          0.06       0.14      -0.01       -0.09          0.03
      Minnesota                    2.9            -0.04     0.06         0.20          0.00       0.72       0.09       0.23     0.74          0.27       0.34       0.12       -0.03          0.19
      Missouri                     1.4             0.02     0.00         0.09         -0.43       0.53       0.10       0.21     0.29          0.30       0.09       0.05       -0.04          0.15
      Nebraska                     1.9             0.04    -0.07         0.28          0.11       0.61       0.15       0.22     0.22          0.15       0.25       0.05       -0.02         -0.09
      North Dakota                 1.3             0.24    -0.22         0.04          0.00       0.60      -0.10       0.20     0.40          0.13       0.12       0.01       -0.05         -0.04
      South Dakota                 3.3            -0.24     0.00         0.77         -0.08       0.82       0.06       0.21     1.48         -0.04       0.29       0.10        0.01         -0.05

   Southeast                       2.5            -0.05    -0.09         0.15         -0.10       0.65       0.04       0.28     0.72          0.44       0.21       0.08       -0.03          0.16
      Alabama                      1.8            -0.02    -0.14         0.40         -0.20       0.57       0.04       0.20     0.56          0.24       0.11       0.04       -0.06          0.01
      Arkansas                     1.7            -0.04     0.00        -0.10         -0.21       0.81       0.04       0.29     0.32          0.29       0.19       0.02       -0.05          0.17
      Florida                      3.4             0.05     0.05         0.18         -0.08       0.85       0.00       0.35     0.88          0.67       0.20       0.09       -0.02          0.17
      Georgia                      2.6            -0.02    -0.07         0.16         -0.25       0.66       0.12       0.55     0.56          0.33       0.26       0.09       -0.03          0.28
      Kentucky                     0.4             0.00    -0.12        -0.47         -0.62       0.52       0.03       0.18     0.48          0.21       0.18       0.04       -0.03         -0.01
      Louisiana                   -0.8            -1.65    -0.67        -0.26         -1.26       0.86       0.17       0.45     0.73          0.21       0.15       0.37       -0.13          0.21
      Mississippi                  0.8             0.04    -0.21        -0.31         -0.13       0.43       0.00       0.17     0.38          0.09       0.13       0.06       -0.08          0.21
      North Carolina               3.5             0.01    -0.16         0.26          0.45       0.64       0.01       0.22     1.23          0.35       0.28       0.09       -0.02          0.18
      South Carolina               2.1             0.01    -0.18         0.53         -0.59       0.59       0.07       0.17     0.57          0.39       0.22       0.04       -0.03          0.27
      Tennessee                    1.9             0.03    -0.20         0.19         -0.08       0.65       0.05       0.24     0.54          0.26       0.21       0.05       -0.04          0.02
      Virginia                     4.0             0.02     0.03         0.32          0.31       0.60       0.04       0.20     0.90          0.94       0.25       0.09        0.03          0.25
      West Virginia                0.7            -0.11    -0.17         0.00         -0.46       0.54      -0.16       0.16     0.36          0.11       0.08       0.14       -0.06          0.25

   Southwest                       3.4             0.00    -0.01         0.51         -0.13       0.80       0.19       0.31     0.77          0.33       0.24       0.10       -0.02          0.29
      Arizona                      4.8             0.07     0.03         1.33         -0.06       0.93       0.14       0.29     0.92          0.41       0.32       0.13       -0.01          0.30
      New Mexico                   3.4             0.15    -0.09         0.73          0.04       0.47      -0.06       0.26     0.77          0.43       0.27       0.07       -0.03          0.43
      Oklahoma                     2.0             0.11     0.03        -0.31         -0.02       0.69       0.07       0.37     0.50          0.14       0.15       0.07       -0.05          0.25
      Texas                        3.2            -0.04    -0.02         0.42         -0.17       0.81       0.23       0.31     0.78          0.33       0.23       0.10       -0.02          0.29

   Rocky Mountain                  3.9             0.20     0.00         0.44          0.01       0.73       0.09       0.47     0.90          0.40       0.24       0.14        0.00          0.24
      Colorado                     4.2             0.07     0.10         0.34         -0.05       0.80       0.14       0.69     1.02          0.46       0.26       0.14        0.01          0.19
      Idaho                        5.8             0.50    -0.05         2.37          0.25       0.78       0.11       0.16     0.55          0.48       0.30       0.11       -0.07          0.31
      Montana                      2.1             0.15    -0.11        -0.10         -0.06       0.69      -0.04       0.27     0.51          0.29       0.26       0.10       -0.03          0.15
      Utah                         2.6             0.00    -0.22         0.00         -0.01       0.56       0.03       0.24     1.04          0.29       0.16       0.18        0.03          0.34
      Wyoming                      4.4             1.58     0.10         0.12          0.33       0.68       0.04       0.11     0.42          0.26       0.25       0.11        0.00          0.35

   Far West                        4.0             0.14     0.02         0.70          0.01       0.74       0.08       0.44     0.82          0.35       0.25       0.14        0.00          0.27
      Alaska                       2.2             0.55    -0.01        -0.02         -0.19       0.29       0.51       0.23     0.33          0.06       0.34       0.08        0.01         -0.01
      California                   4.5             0.14     0.09         0.86          0.03       0.81       0.09       0.52     0.91          0.34       0.25       0.13        0.01          0.32
      Hawaii                       1.4             0.05    -0.05         0.01         -0.07       0.47       0.03       0.12     0.22          0.45       0.04       0.04       -0.09          0.15
      Nevada                       3.5            -0.07    -0.40         0.04          0.06       0.88       0.14       0.26     1.11          0.36       0.31       0.57       -0.03          0.28
      Oregon                       2.9             0.22    -0.30         1.12         -0.08       0.47       0.04       0.25     0.48          0.18       0.29       0.09       -0.05          0.18
      Washington                   2.4             0.14    -0.10         0.03         -0.06       0.56       0.00       0.29     0.57          0.50       0.21       0.08        0.01          0.14
Source:  U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


             Table 4.  Revisions to Gross State Product in Current Dollars, 1987, 1992, 1997

                                            1987                                 1992                                    1997
                             -----------------------------------  -----------------------------------   -----------------------------------
                             Millions of dollars      Percent     Millions of dollars       Percent     Millions of dollars       Percent
                              Revised   Revision    revision/1/    Revised   Revision     revision/1/    Revised   Revision     revision/1/

United States                4,663,282    -19,963          -0.4   6,174,369    -34,727         -0.6     8,170,994    -53,966        -0.7

   New England                 287,705     -1,355          -0.5     356,751       -394         -0.1       471,968        632         0.1
      Connecticut               81,251       -181          -0.2     104,171        377          0.4       137,452      2,484         1.8
      Maine                     19,316        -51          -0.3      24,239       -158         -0.6        29,945       -464        -1.5
      Massachusetts            138,536     -1,022          -0.7     166,585       -749         -0.4       223,025       -546        -0.2
      New Hampshire             21,463        -67          -0.3      26,555        159          0.6        37,136       -334        -0.9
      Rhode Island              17,854        -12          -0.1      22,611        -45         -0.2        28,950       -459        -1.6
      Vermont                    9,286        -21          -0.2      12,590         20          0.2        15,459        -51        -0.3

   Mideast                     945,813     -3,397          -0.4   1,225,523     -8,883         -0.7     1,539,170     -7,954        -0.5
      Delaware                  15,553       -214          -1.4      23,031        -38         -0.2        31,269          6           0
      District of Columbia      32,240       -158          -0.5      43,757       -701         -1.6        49,427     -1,119        -2.2
      Maryland                  92,102       -417          -0.5     119,454     -1,280         -1.1       152,259     -2,387        -1.5
      New Jersey               175,651       -524          -0.3     233,153     -2,303         -1.0       296,141     -3,845        -1.3
      New York                 423,760     -1,882          -0.4     532,616     -2,725         -0.5       668,092      4,715         0.7
      Pennsylvania             206,507       -203          -0.1     273,513     -1,836         -0.7       341,982     -5,324        -1.5

   Great Lakes                 763,792     -3,752          -0.5     997,898      1,680          0.2     1,318,280        852         0.1
      Illinois                 230,594     -1,204          -0.5     303,989        751          0.2       401,068        741         0.2
      Indiana                   91,170       -805          -0.9     123,570        -34          0.0       164,207      1,254         0.8
      Michigan                 166,855       -781          -0.5     207,379        713          0.3       278,815       -688        -0.2
      Ohio                     192,809       -937          -0.5     250,164       -199         -0.1       325,359     -1,092        -0.3
      Wisconsin                 82,365        -24             0     112,795        448          0.4       148,831        637         0.4

   Plains                      310,561       -862          -0.3     410,163       -651         -0.2       546,468     -1,322        -0.2
      Iowa                      45,055       -160          -0.4      61,313        209          0.3        81,881        186         0.2
      Kansas                    43,883       -158          -0.4      56,091       -247         -0.4        72,509       -489        -0.7
      Minnesota                 83,947        -32             0     111,919         11          0.0       152,235        -99        -0.1
      Missouri                  89,836       -530          -0.6     115,209       -784         -0.7       154,459     -1,352        -0.9
      Nebraska                  26,801         -2             0      37,950        357          0.9        49,820        545         1.1
      North Dakota              10,308        115           1.1      12,788         48          0.4        16,067        157           1
      South Dakota              10,731        -95          -0.9      14,894       -243         -1.6        19,498       -269        -1.4

   Southeast                   976,595     -4,478          -0.5   1,309,668    -11,026         -0.8     1,768,862    -22,724        -1.3
      Alabama                   60,586       -176          -0.3      80,450       -665         -0.8       102,533     -1,680        -1.6
      Arkansas                  32,190       -159          -0.5      44,312       -298         -0.7        58,746       -395        -0.7
      Florida                  206,894       -370          -0.2     283,800     -1,718         -0.6       383,980     -5,493        -1.4
      Georgia                  116,822     -1,061          -0.9     158,265     -2,549         -1.6       230,370     -5,363        -2.3
      Kentucky                  56,565       -265          -0.5      76,572       -154         -0.2       101,845        310         0.3
      Louisiana                 76,501       -515          -0.7      88,912     -2,331         -2.6       121,743     -1,806        -1.5
      Mississippi               33,626       -218          -0.6      43,676       -546         -1.2        58,278       -465        -0.8
      North Carolina           114,126       -606          -0.5     159,245       -732         -0.5       218,357     -3,272        -1.5
      South Carolina            53,238        -59          -0.1      71,584       -350         -0.5        94,898       -549        -0.6
      Tennessee                 81,235       -227          -0.3     111,341       -503         -0.4       150,999       -739        -0.5
      Virginia                 120,101       -988          -0.8     160,534     -1,256         -0.8       208,597     -3,508        -1.7
      West Virginia             24,713        167           0.7      30,977         76          0.2        38,517        236         0.6

   Southwest                   433,414     -2,322          -0.5     596,325     -2,259         -0.4       855,206     -2,941        -0.3
      Arizona                   59,171        116           0.2      79,695        695          0.9       122,889        616         0.5
      New Mexico                22,981       -183          -0.8      32,581       -277         -0.8        47,559       -270        -0.6
      Oklahoma                  48,904         38           0.1      61,953        -60         -0.1        79,456         33           0
      Texas                    302,359     -2,292          -0.8     422,097     -2,616         -0.6       605,302     -3,320        -0.5

   Rocky Mountain              124,604       -458          -0.4     169,494     -1,014         -0.6       246,728     -2,455          -1
      Colorado                  62,873       -485          -0.8      85,110       -734         -0.9       127,946     -1,629        -1.3
      Idaho                     13,826         13           0.1      20,332        -22         -0.1        29,388          0           0
      Montana                   11,653         55           0.5      15,043        -41         -0.3        18,769       -138        -0.7
      Utah                      25,289         87           0.3      35,671          0          0.0        54,584       -486        -0.9
      Wyoming                   10,963       -128          -1.2      13,337       -218         -1.6        16,041       -203        -1.2

   Far West                    820,798     -3,339          -0.4   1,108,546    -12,180         -1.1     1,424,312    -18,053        -1.3
      Alaska                    22,258        233           1.1      22,591        219          1.0        26,884        309         1.2
      California               620,177     -4,466          -0.7     819,389    -12,187         -1.5     1,028,645    -16,609        -1.6
      Hawaii                    23,321       -100          -0.4      35,204       -345         -1.0        37,923       -614        -1.6
      Nevada                    22,367        201           0.9      36,503         23          0.1        58,949       -299        -0.5
      Oregon                    44,963        -59          -0.1      63,712       -417         -0.7        97,499        -11           0
      Washington                87,712        852           1.0     131,148        528          0.4       174,412       -830        -0.5
1.  Revisions to economic census years as a percentage of the previously published estimate.
Source:  U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis