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The tables in this release are available in an XLS spreadsheet and the entire release is available in PDF format.
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EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 9:00 A.M. EDT, THURSDAY, October 23, 2003
Mathew vonKerczek (202) 606–9250 (Estimates) BEA 03—41
G. Andrew Bernat Jr.: (202) 606–9235 (Analysis)
E-mail inquiries: RegRelease@bea.gov

 

State Personal Income: Second Quarter 2003

Personal income for the nation, which is measured only in current dollars, grew 0.8 percent in the second quarter of 2003, the same as in first quarter and up slightly from the 0.6 percent increase of the fourth quarter of 2002 (table 1). According to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, six of the ten fastest growing states were in the Plains and Rocky Mountain regions while 4 of the 10 slowest-growing states were in New England and all of the Great Lakes states were in the bottom two quintiles (chart 1).

Chart 1
Chart 1: map of United States showing personal income percent change 2003:I - 2003:II

Personal Income Growth by Component

Net earnings grew 0.8 percent in the second quarter of 2003 nationally, the same as in the first quarter of 2003 and slightly faster than the 0.7 percent growth of the fourth quarter of 2002. Net earnings increased in all states except for Rhode Island, as 21 states and the District of Columbia grew faster than in the first quarter, compared to 28 states with faster net earnings growth in the first quarter than in the fourth quarter of 2002.

Transfer payments grew slightly faster in the second quarter of 2003 than in the previous quarter. Twenty-five states experienced faster growth in transfer payments in the second quarter of 2003 compared to 28 states in the first quarter of 2003. Unemployment benefit payments, the most volatile component of transfer payments, increased 6.5 percent nationally after declining 3.4 percent in the first quarter of 2003. Unemployment benefit payments grew in 41 states, with North Carolina, Idaho, and Indiana registering gains of more than 20 percent. Together, all other transfer payments, which includes old-age, survivors, disability, and other benefits, grew 1.6 percent.

Property income (dividends, interest and rent) increased 0.1 percent in the second quarter nationally, compared to declines of 0.1 percent and 0.4 percent in the preceding two quarters. A 1.7 percent growth in dividends and a 0.5 percent increase in interest income more than offset a decline in rental income.

Earnings Growth by Industry

Nationally, earnings grew in every industry except durable goods manufacturing and leisure and hospitality (table 3). Financial activities accounted for 0.28 of the 0.8 percent growth in earnings and contributed the most to earnings growth in 24 states (table 4). Government accounted for 0.14 percentage points and natural resources and mining and construction each accounted for 0.10 percentage points. Natural resources and farming was the largest contributor to earnings growth in 12 states. Fast growth in farming was particularly important in the Plains states, notably North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Iowa, all of which were among the ten fastest growing states. Earnings growth in government was the largest contributor in 8 states and the District of Columbia.

Earnings in durable goods manufacturing declined in 32 states. The decline was the most pronounced in Washington, where durables manufacturing earnings declined 4.6 percent from the first quarter. Where durables manufacturing earnings increased, its contribution to total earnings growth was relatively small except in New Hampshire and Michigan, where durables manufacturing's contribution to earnings growth was second only to financial activities.

The decline in leisure and hospitality was larger than the decline in durables manufacturing. It was also more widespread, with forty states experiencing a decline from the first quarter. Virtually the entire decline was in the arts, entertainment, and recreation industry (NAICS 71), as earnings in the accommodation and food services industry (NAICS 72) was unchanged from the first quarter.

Year-to-Year Trends in Quarterly State Personal Income Growth

Because quarter-to-quarter changes in state personal income are subject to large swings, it is also useful to look at the change in state personal income in the current quarter relative to the same quarter a year ago. Chart 2 shows the year-to-year growth rates of quarterly state personal income from the second quarter of 2000 through the second quarter of 2003.

Year-to-year growth in personal income was higher in the top-quintile states than in the bottom-quintile states in eight of the past nine quarters. In addition, the growth rate of the top quintile increased steadily in the past two quarters whereas the bottom quintile grew more slowly in the second quarter of 2003 than in the first quarter.

Chart 2
line graph showing change in personal income from the same quarter a year earlier

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from participation in production, from government and business transfer payments, and from government interest. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments. Net earnings is earnings by place of work (the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income) less personal contributions for social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the state estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data.

BEA groups all 50 states and the District of Columbia into eight distinct regions for purposes of data collecting and analyses: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont); Mideast (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania); Great Lakes (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin); Plains (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota); Southeast (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas); Rocky Mountain (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming); and Far West (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).

BEA's major national, regional, international, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

        (202) 606-5306   Gross domestic product
              606-5303   Personal income and outlays
              606-5362   U.S. international transactions

Most of BEA's estimates and analyses are published in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal. Subscriptions and single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Internet: <bookstore.gpo.gov>; phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.


Next state personal income release — January 27, 2004, at 8:30 AM EST for
State Personal Income, Third Quarter 2003.

                                        Table 1. Personal Income, by State and Region, 2002:II-2003:II
                                           [Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            2002                        2003         Percent change from preceding quarter/1    Rank
                              -------------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------------------------  2003:I
                                  II        III         IV          I/r      II/p    2002:III  2002:IV    2003:I   2003:II     2003:II
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------  -------
 United States .............. 8,881,691  8,927,635  8,982,839  9,053,499  9,129,313     0.5       0.6      0.8       0.8        ---

   New England
     Connecticut ............   148,249    148,840    148,486    150,562    151,432      .4       -.2      1.4        .6         42
     Maine ..................    35,858     36,141     36,483     37,040     37,358      .8        .9      1.5        .9         27
     Massachusetts ..........   252,257    251,714    252,127    252,613    253,436     -.2        .2       .2        .3         48
     New Hampshire ..........    43,865     43,847     44,047     44,381     44,519     0          .5       .8        .3         49
     Rhode Island ...........    33,202     33,467     33,659     34,391     34,239      .8        .6      2.2       -.4         50
     Vermont ................    18,093     18,238     18,439     18,547     18,734      .8       1.1       .6       1.0         16

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............    26,090     26,175     26,143     26,870     27,146      .3       -.1      2.8       1.0         15
     District of Columbia ...    24,677     24,768     25,393     25,012     25,271      .4       2.5     -1.5       1.0        ---
     Maryland ...............   196,862    198,005    199,454    200,370    201,941      .6        .7       .5        .8         33
     New Jersey .............   338,845    341,099    342,035    345,441    348,914      .7        .3      1.0       1.0         18
     New York ...............   686,279    685,909    687,503    687,045    694,226     -.1        .2      -.1       1.0         14
     Pennsylvania ...........   389,692    392,285    394,198    399,180    402,747      .7        .5      1.3        .9         26

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............   420,863    420,922    422,491    423,805    425,211     0          .4       .3        .3         47
     Indiana ................   173,169    174,777    176,538    177,028    178,136      .9       1.0       .3        .6         38
     Michigan ...............   304,930    306,682    307,437    307,471    309,740      .6        .2      0          .7         35
     Ohio ...................   334,343    336,601    338,255    340,755    342,762      .7        .5       .7        .6         41
     Wisconsin ..............   162,839    163,937    165,182    166,691    168,066      .7        .8       .9        .8         31

   Plains
     Iowa ...................    82,375     82,803     83,577     84,767     85,778      .5        .9      1.4       1.2          8
     Kansas .................    77,967     78,418     79,028     80,167     80,589      .6        .8      1.4        .5         45
     Minnesota ..............   169,755    171,656    171,969    172,584    174,027     1.1        .2       .4        .8         29
     Missouri ...............   162,979    164,041    165,471    166,696    168,254      .7        .9       .7        .9         23
     Nebraska ...............    50,774     51,397     51,767     53,312     54,011     1.2        .7      3.0       1.3          4
     North Dakota ...........    16,608     16,931     17,059     17,783     18,016     1.9        .8      4.2       1.3          5
     South Dakota ...........    20,095     20,466     20,660     21,632     21,959     1.8        .9      4.7       1.5          3

   Southeast
     Alabama ................   112,093    113,036    114,183    116,050    116,736      .8       1.0      1.6        .6         40
     Arkansas ...............    63,291     63,686     64,464     65,067     65,674      .6       1.2       .9        .9         24
     Florida ................   493,048    495,859    501,588    505,471    511,032      .6       1.2       .8       1.1         12
     Georgia ................   245,628    246,123    248,050    253,428    255,829      .2        .8      2.2        .9         22
     Kentucky ...............   104,583    105,556    106,548    107,340    107,929      .9        .9       .7        .5         44
     Louisiana ..............   113,505    113,982    115,257    116,001    116,821      .4       1.1       .6        .7         37
     Mississippi ............    63,990     64,523     65,077     66,531     67,132      .8        .9      2.2        .9         25
     North Carolina .........   228,855    229,994    230,836    234,567    237,292      .5        .4      1.6       1.2          9
     South Carolina .........   104,156    104,718    105,420    107,166    107,759      .5        .7      1.7        .6         43
     Tennessee ..............   158,810    159,256    160,411    162,260    163,441      .3        .7      1.2        .7         36
     Virginia ...............   238,366    239,670    240,605    244,050    246,116      .5        .4      1.4        .8         28
     West Virginia ..........    42,467     42,689     42,944     43,406     43,608      .5        .6      1.1        .5         46

   Southwest
     Arizona ................   142,215    143,274    144,881    145,953    147,364      .7       1.1       .7       1.0         21
     New Mexico .............    44,098     44,438     45,193     45,461     46,056      .8       1.7       .6       1.3          6
     Oklahoma ...............    87,622     88,168     88,522     89,177     89,907      .6        .4       .7        .8         32
     Texas ..................   618,643    620,373    624,021    626,753    633,709      .3        .6       .4       1.1         11

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............   149,421    149,961    150,665    151,128    152,390      .4        .5       .3        .8         30
     Idaho ..................    33,221     33,695     34,129     34,545     34,922     1.4       1.3      1.2       1.1         13
     Montana ................    22,490     22,862     22,979     23,127     23,499     1.7        .5       .6       1.6          2
     Utah ...................    55,771     55,952     56,568     56,692     57,241      .3       1.1       .2       1.0         20
     Wyoming ................    15,095     15,271     15,469     15,598     15,797     1.2       1.3       .8       1.3          7

   Far West
     Alaska .................    20,273     20,607     20,898     20,912     21,120     1.6       1.4       .1       1.0         19
     California ............. 1,152,672  1,160,385  1,169,530  1,177,337  1,184,478      .7        .8       .7        .6         39
     Hawaii .................    37,244     37,570     38,016     38,720     39,111      .9       1.2      1.9       1.0         17
     Nevada .................    65,121     65,891     66,889     67,979     68,751     1.2       1.5      1.6       1.1         10
     Oregon .................   100,211    100,896    101,974    102,133    102,903      .7       1.1       .2        .8         34
     Washington .............   198,138    200,086    200,319    202,505    206,184     1.0        .1      1.1       1.8          1

 BEA regions
   New England ..............   531,524    532,245    533,241    537,534    539,718      .1        .2       .8        .4        ---
   Mideast .................. 1,662,445  1,668,240  1,674,725  1,683,917  1,700,245      .3        .4       .5       1.0        ---
   Great Lakes .............. 1,396,144  1,402,919  1,409,904  1,415,750  1,423,915      .5        .5       .4        .6        ---
   Plains ...................   580,552    585,711    589,532    596,940    602,634      .9        .7      1.3       1.0        ---
   Southeast ................ 1,968,792  1,979,094  1,995,385  2,021,336  2,039,369      .5        .8      1.3        .9        ---
   Southwest ................   892,577    896,253    902,617    907,344    917,036      .4        .7       .5       1.1        ---
   Rocky Mountain ...........   275,997    277,739    279,810    281,091    283,849      .6        .7       .5       1.0        ---
   Far West ................. 1,573,659  1,585,435  1,597,627  1,609,586  1,622,547      .7        .8       .7        .8        ---
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   r Revised.
   p Preliminary.
   1. Percent changes are expressed at quarterly rates.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals due to rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


                             Table 2. Personal Income by Component, by State and Region, 2003:I-2003:II
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   Contribution to percent
                                                                                  change in personal income
                                       Percent change                               (percentage points)            Dollar change (millions)
                             ------------------------------------                 -------------------------   -----------------------------------
                                                  Divi-              Percent               Divi-                                  Divi-
                                                  dends,   Trans-    change in             dends,   Trans-                        dends,   Trans-
                             Personal   Net       inter-   fer       personal     Net      inter-   fer      Personal   Net       inter-   fer
                              income    earn-     est,     pay-      income       earn-    est,     pay-      income    earn-     est,     pay-
                                        ings/1    and      ments                  ings/1   and      ments               ings/1    and      ments
                                                  rent                                     rent                                   rent
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............     0.8       0.8      0.1      1.8          0.8       0.54    0.02      0.27    75,815    49,086    1,932   24,797

   New England
     Connecticut ............      .6        .6       .2      1.3           .6       .39      .04      .15       870       581       58      231
     Maine ..................      .9        .7       .4      1.8           .9       .47      .07      .32       318       173       26      119
     Massachusetts ..........      .3        .1       .2      1.4           .3       .10      .03      .20       823       243       75      505
     New Hampshire ..........      .3        .1       .1      1.8           .3       .08      .02      .21       138        38        9       91
     Rhode Island ...........     -.4      -1.1      -.1      1.5          -.4      -.72     -.01      .29      -152      -246       -4       99
     Vermont ................     1.0       1.0       .4      1.6          1.0       .66      .09      .25       187       123       17       47

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............     1.0       1.2      -.1      1.9          1.0       .78     -.01      .26       276       208       -3       70
     District of Columbia ...     1.0       1.3       .1       .8          1.0       .91      .02      .11       259       228        5       27
     Maryland ...............      .8        .8      -.1      1.9           .8       .59     -.02      .21     1,572     1,190      -39      421
     New Jersey .............     1.0       1.1       .3      1.5          1.0       .76      .06      .19     3,473     2,618      194      662
     New York ...............     1.0       1.2       .3      1.4          1.0       .75      .06      .24     7,181     5,165      385    1,630
     Pennsylvania ...........      .9        .8       .2      1.8           .9       .54      .04      .31     3,567     2,168      150    1,250

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............      .3        .1       .3      1.6           .3       .06      .07      .20     1,406       267      287      852
     Indiana ................      .6        .3       .4      2.4           .6       .18      .08      .37     1,108       316      139      653
     Michigan ...............      .7        .4       .5      2.4           .7       .27      .09      .38     2,269       829      284    1,157
     Ohio ...................      .6        .5       .1      1.6           .6       .30      .02      .27     2,007     1,035       67      906
     Wisconsin ..............      .8        .7       .4      1.9           .8       .47      .08      .27     1,375       783      134      458

   Plains
     Iowa ...................     1.2       1.3       .4      2.0          1.2       .82      .09      .29     1,011       694       73      245
     Kansas .................      .5        .2       .4      2.1           .5       .14      .09      .30       423       111       68      244
     Minnesota ..............      .8        .7       .3      2.5           .8       .46      .07      .31     1,443       795      115      533
     Missouri ...............      .9        .9       .2      2.1           .9       .56      .03      .35     1,558       928       49      582
     Nebraska ...............     1.3       1.3       .6      2.1          1.3       .88      .13      .30       699       471       71      158
     North Dakota ...........     1.3       1.5       .4      1.6          1.3       .97      .08      .27       233       172       13       47
     South Dakota ...........     1.5       1.8       .5      1.6          1.5      1.17      .11      .24       327       252       24       51

   Southeast
     Alabama ................      .6        .4       .1      1.8           .6       .25      .01      .34       686       285       10      390
     Arkansas ...............      .9        .8       .3      1.8           .9       .52      .05      .37       607       337       31      239
     Florida ................     1.1       1.3       .3      1.7          1.1       .76      .07      .27     5,562     3,838      336    1,388
     Georgia ................      .9       1.0      0        2.0           .9       .69      .00      .26     2,401     1,753      -10      659
     Kentucky ...............      .5        .3       .3      1.8           .5       .17      .04      .33       589       185       48      356
     Louisiana ..............      .7        .6       .2      1.5           .7       .36      .04      .31       820       419       46      355
     Mississippi ............      .9        .8       .2      1.8           .9       .47      .03      .40       601       315       20      266
     North Carolina .........     1.2       1.0      0        3.0          1.2       .69      .00      .48     2,725     1,612       -9    1,122
     South Carolina .........      .6        .3      0        2.1           .6       .18      .01      .36       593       194        9      390
     Tennessee ..............      .7        .6      -.2      1.8           .7       .43     -.03      .32     1,181       697      -43      527
     Virginia ...............      .8       1.0      -.3      1.7           .8       .70     -.04      .19     2,066     1,716     -108      458
     West Virginia ..........      .5        .3      -.1      1.3           .5       .17     -.01      .31       202        73       -5      134

   Southwest
     Arizona ................     1.0       1.0      0        1.8          1.0       .69      .01      .27     1,410     1,003       12      396
     New Mexico .............     1.3       1.5      0        1.9          1.3       .98     -.01      .33       595       447       -4      152
     Oklahoma ...............      .8        .7      0        1.9           .8       .48      .01      .33       730       426        5      299
     Texas ..................     1.1       1.2       .1      1.6          1.1       .89      .01      .21     6,957     5,565       45    1,346

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............      .8        .8       .2      1.8           .8       .61      .04      .18     1,262       924       61      276
     Idaho ..................     1.1        .9       .3      2.9          1.1       .60      .06      .43       377       208       20      149
     Montana ................     1.6       2.1       .3      1.4          1.6      1.29      .08      .24       372       299       18       55
     Utah ...................     1.0       1.0      0        2.0          1.0       .73     -.01      .24       549       415       -4      137
     Wyoming ................     1.3       1.3       .9      1.9          1.3       .81      .22      .24       199       127       34       38

   Far West
     Alaska .................     1.0       1.0       .3      1.6          1.0       .67      .05      .27       208       141       10       57
     California .............      .6        .6      -.4      2.1           .6       .40     -.07      .28     7,141     4,745     -863    3,259
     Hawaii .................     1.0       1.2      -.1      1.7          1.0       .81     -.01      .21       390       312       -5       83
     Nevada .................     1.1       1.2       .2      2.5          1.1       .82      .04      .28       772       557       25      191
     Oregon .................      .8        .2       .2      3.4           .8       .15      .04      .57       770       150       39      582
     Washington .............     1.8       2.3      0        1.6          1.8      1.58      .01      .23     3,679     3,204       16      459

 BEA regions
   New England ..............      .4        .2       .2      1.5           .4       .17      .03      .20     2,184       912      180    1,092
   Mideast ..................     1.0       1.0       .2      1.6          1.0       .69      .04      .24    16,328    11,576      692    4,060
   Great Lakes ..............      .6        .3       .3      1.9           .6       .23      .06      .28     8,165     3,229      911    4,024
   Plains ...................     1.0        .9       .3      2.1          1.0       .57      .07      .31     5,695     3,422      413    1,860
   Southeast ................      .9        .9       .1      1.9           .9       .57      .02      .31    18,033    11,424      326    6,284
   Southwest ................     1.1       1.2      0        1.7          1.1       .82      .01      .24     9,692     7,441       59    2,192
   Rocky Mountain ...........     1.0       1.0       .3      2.0          1.0       .70      .05      .23     2,758     1,974      130      655
   Far West .................      .8        .8      -.3      2.1           .8       .57     -.05      .29    12,961     9,109     -779    4,631
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Net earnings is earnings by place of work -- the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors'
 income -- less personal contributions for social insurance plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals due to rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


                                             Table 3. Earnings by Major Industry, by State and Region, 2003:I-2003:II
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Percent change
                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                        Earnings by industry
                                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Nondur-                                            Pro-
                               Earnings     Natural                 Durable    able                Transpor-                      fessional
                               by place     resources   Con-        goods      goods       Trade   tation     Infor-  Financial   and        Education   Leisure
                               of work/1    and mining  struction   manu-      manu-               and        mation  activities  business   and health  and hos-  Other     Govern-
                                                                    facturing  facturing           utilities                      services   services    pitality  services  ment
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  United States ..............      0.8        5.6        1.5         -0.3        0.2       0.3        0.1      1.2       3.1       0.3         0.6       -0.9       0.2       0.8

   New England
     Connecticut ............        .5        -.5        1.5          -.6         .8       0          2.6       .4       3.1      -1.3          .7        -.8        .7       -.1
     Maine ..................        .7        1.3         .7          -.8       -1.1        .2        1.7      -.8       3.0       -.1         1.0        -.5       -.2       2.1
     Massachusetts ..........        .1        3.6       -3.3          -.8        -.2        .5        -.1      -.3       2.5        .1          .6       -2.0        .2        .2
     New Hampshire ..........        .1        2.0       -2.9          1.6        2.0       -.5         .5      -.8       3.1      -1.5         0          -.1      -1.3       1.1
     Rhode Island ...........      -1.4        1.0        3.9          -.1        1.7        .7        2.2      -.6       3.1     -14.2          .4       -2.7       1.4       -.4
     Vermont ................       1.1        5.7       -2.6          1.5       -1.3       1.7        2.7      2.0       3.1        .5          .9        1.3       -.5       1.4

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............       1.2        6.8        4.0           .7        3.4      -3.8         .3       .6       3.1       1.6          .8       -4.2        .7       1.9
     District of Columbia ...        .7        8.0        1.4           .7        1.1       1.0         .4    ---/2       3.3        .5        -4.5      ---/2       1.2       1.2
     Maryland ...............        .9        5.8        1.4          1.0        -.7        .5        2.2      -.3       2.5        .2          .6         .7        .5       1.0
     New Jersey .............       1.1        3.0        3.3          -.4         .4        .7         .5       .4       3.3        .4         1.1         .5        .5       1.5
     New York ...............       1.1        2.3        4.4           .6        -.5        .3         .7       .9       3.2        .7          .5        -.8       -.2        .5
     Pennsylvania ...........        .8        5.0        1.0           .8        -.1       0           .5       .6       3.0        .6          .8       -1.0        .4       1.1

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............        .1        7.0       -1.4          -.5        -.1        .1         .1      -.7       2.4       -.6          .1       -2.0       -.6        .4
     Indiana ................        .3        6.8         .7          -.1        -.1        .1         .1       .3       2.0        .2         -.5       -1.6       -.7       1.3
     Michigan ...............        .4        5.7        -.2           .7         .5       -.1       -1.3       .9       5.0       -.5          .6       -2.1       0          .5
     Ohio ...................        .5        6.9         .7           .1        1.0        .3       -1.0      -.4       3.3        .2          .2       -1.2      -1.1        .7
     Wisconsin ..............        .7        7.4        -.1          -.6         .6       1.3         .1       .7       4.0        .4          .4       -1.7       1.1       1.1

   Plains
     Iowa ...................       1.2       15.5         .4         -1.7         .2        .1         .1      1.6       2.0       1.1         1.5       -1.4        .2        .9
     Kansas .................        .1        7.8        1.8         -1.2        1.5       -.2        2.0     -7.2       3.3       -.1         -.5        -.9        .8       0
     Minnesota ..............        .7        1.3        3.3         -1.1        1.4       1.1         .3      1.3       2.3        .5          .2       -1.6       0          .1
     Missouri ...............        .9        5.1        -.1           .3        1.5        .5         .1      -.3       2.2       2.0         1.2       -3.6       2.8       1.5
     Nebraska ...............       1.3       13.6        -.6          -.3        1.0        .3         .6       .7       2.5       1.0         1.4       -1.0        .9        .2
     North Dakota ...........       1.4       12.0        1.1         -1.8        1.2       -.4         .8      1.7       3.4        .1          .4       -1.0        .3        .9
     South Dakota ...........       1.7       13.2       -2.4          -.1        0         -.4         .6      1.1       3.2        .3         1.3       -1.1       2.3       1.6

   Southeast
     Alabama ................        .3      ---/2        1.7          -.8       -1.3       0         -1.3       .6       2.4        .7         -.6      ---/2        .6        .6
     Arkansas ...............        .8        6.0        -.3          -.9         .3       0           .9       .5       3.2        .7         1.0         .1        .2        .9
     Florida ................       1.3        7.2        4.1          -.3        -.7        .7        1.0       .5       3.9        .9          .8        -.1        .5       1.0
     Georgia ................       1.0        7.4        5.2         -1.5       -2.5       -.9       -1.0      1.0       3.3       2.1          .2        0         3.3       1.1
     Kentucky ...............        .2        7.0       -3.2          -.7        -.5        .2        0        -.1       1.8       1.1          .8       -3.0        .2        .7
     Louisiana ..............        .5        2.0        3.5          -.5         .3        .6        -.1       .5       2.3       -.6         -.4       -1.2       -.8        .9
     Mississippi ............        .8        6.5        1.6         -1.4         .5        .6         .4      2.3       2.9       2.3         0         -1.0        .6        .5
     North Carolina .........       1.0        6.8        2.6          -.3         .4        .1      ---/2    ---/2       2.4       -.1         1.7        -.5       1.3       1.7
     South Carolina .........        .2        5.2       -1.2          -.3        0         -.3       -2.7       .4       2.3       -.1         1.2       -1.0       -.5       1.2
     Tennessee ..............        .6       -1.6         .4           .8         .4        .8        -.8       .9       3.1        .8          .7       -3.2       1.0       1.2
     Virginia ...............       1.0        5.9        3.0          -.4        -.5        .5       -2.3      -.2       2.6       1.0          .8        -.4       -.3       1.8
     West Virginia ..........        .2        5.1       -3.3           .4         .8       -.4         .6       .4       3.1        .9          .2       -2.2       -.2       -.3

   Southwest
     Arizona ................       1.0       -1.3        2.2          -.8         .5        .6         .2     -1.0       2.8        .5         1.8        -.5       1.4       2.0
     New Mexico .............       1.5        9.3        3.2         -1.3        2.7        .1        1.0       .3       2.6        .6         1.9         .7       -.5       1.1
     Oklahoma ...............        .7        -.1        2.0           .5        2.2       1.3         .4      -.4       3.9       -.6         -.2        1.1       1.8        .3
     Texas ..................       1.2        6.0        2.1           .1         .1        .2        1.6      -.6       3.6        .1          .9        -.2       0         1.4

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............        .8        5.9         .5         -1.8         .1       0           .3      -.3       4.4       2.0          .9        -.5        .4       -.1
     Idaho ..................        .9        1.7        2.3         -1.9        1.4        .2        1.3      1.9       5.2       1.0          .9       -1.3        .4        .5
     Montana ................       2.1       18.2       -1.2           .2        2.3       0          1.8      2.0       2.4       1.5         1.7        -.6       -.8       2.9
     Utah ...................       1.0        1.6        4.1           .4        2.0        .4        1.3       .6       2.9        .7          .6       -1.0        .9        .5
     Wyoming ................       1.3        6.6       -2.0         -1.6        3.7       -.5      ---/2    ---/2      -1.6       1.6         1.1       -1.0     ---/2       1.4

   Far West
     Alaska .................       1.0      ---/2        4.0        ---/2      ---/2      -1.4       -1.0       .7       3.6        .7         4.2         .8     ---/2       1.0
     California .............        .6        5.2        1.6          -.1         .7        .4       -1.1       .3       3.3       -.1          .9        -.8       -.4        .2
     Hawaii .................       1.2        3.2        3.3        ---/2      ---/2       1.2        2.1      2.5       4.3       1.6          .6        0          .8       0
     Nevada .................       1.2        4.9        2.4           .9        1.3        .8       -1.0       .1       4.0       1.0         2.0        -.6       -.5       1.8
     Oregon .................        .2        2.4        -.8          -.5        -.4        .2         .3      -.2       2.3        .9          .4        -.4      -1.3       -.6
     Washington .............       2.4        1.5        2.5         -4.6        -.8        .5        -.2     25.0       3.2        .7         1.1        -.2        .4       1.2

 BEA regions
   New England ..............        .2        2.2       -1.5          -.4         .2        .3        1.1      -.1       2.8      -1.1          .6       -1.3        .2        .3
   Mideast ..................       1.0        4.6        2.7           .5        0          .3         .7    ---/2       3.1        .6          .5      ---/2        .3       1.0
   Great Lakes ..............        .3        6.8        -.2           .1         .4        .2        -.4      -.1       3.2       -.3          .2       -1.7       -.5        .7
   Plains ...................        .8       10.6        1.1          -.8        1.1        .5         .5     -1.1       2.4       1.0          .7       -2.0       1.1        .7
   Southeast ................        .9      ---/2        2.5          -.5        -.4        .2      ---/2    ---/2       3.1        .9          .6      ---/2        .7       1.2
   Southwest ................       1.1        5.0        2.2          -.1         .4        .3        1.3      -.6       3.5        .1         1.0        -.1        .4       1.4
   Rocky Mountain ...........       1.0        5.8        1.1         -1.1        1.1        .1      ---/2    ---/2       3.9       1.6          .9        -.7     ---/2        .5
   Far West .................        .8      ---/2        1.7          -.7         .4        .4        -.8      4.6       3.3        .1         1.0        -.7     ---/2        .4
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
   Underlying detail is available in an aggregated table.

                               Table 4. Contributions to Percent Change in Earnings, by State and Region, 2003:I-2003:II
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         Percent change                                                                                                                                                        Percentage change
                               ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            Earnings by industry                                                                                                                   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           Nondur-                                          Pro-
                               Earnings  Natural                Durable    able              Transpor-                      fessional  Education  Leisure
                               by place  resources   Con-       goods      goods             tation      Infor- Financial   and        and        and hos-  Other     Govern-
                               of work/1 and mining  struction  manu-      manu-      Trade  and         mation activities  business   health     pitality  services  ment
                                                                facturing  facturing         utilities                      services   services
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States ..............       0.8       0.10       0.10      -0.02       0.01   0.04       0.01     0.05       0.28       0.05       0.07     -0.04      0.01     0.14

   New England
     Connecticut ............        .5        .00        .07       -.05        .03    .00        .07      .01        .51       -.20        .09      -.03       .02     -.01
     Maine ..................        .7        .02        .05       -.05       -.07    .03        .06     -.02        .22       -.01        .16      -.02      -.01      .39
     Massachusetts ..........        .1        .01       -.20       -.07       -.01    .06        .00     -.01        .30        .02        .08      -.08       .01      .02
     New Hampshire ..........        .1        .01       -.21        .19        .08   -.09        .01     -.02        .26       -.19       -.01      -.01      -.04      .13
     Rhode Island ...........      -1.4        .00        .21       -.01        .07    .07        .07     -.02        .30      -1.98        .06      -.11       .04     -.08
     Vermont ................       1.1        .09       -.17        .17       -.05    .22        .10      .05        .20        .05        .13       .07      -.01      .24

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............       1.2        .06        .22        .03        .21   -.42        .01      .02        .50        .30        .09      -.15       .02      .27
     District of Columbia ...        .7        .20        .02        .00        .00    .02        .00    ---/2        .18        .11       -.39     ---/2       .07      .51
     Maryland ...............        .9        .02        .10        .04       -.02    .06        .09     -.01        .20        .04        .07       .03       .02      .24
     New Jersey .............       1.1        .01        .17       -.02        .03    .10        .02      .02        .36        .08        .11       .02       .01      .22
     New York ...............       1.1        .01        .18        .02       -.01    .03        .02      .06        .58        .12        .06      -.03      -.01      .08
     Pennsylvania ...........        .8        .05        .07        .07       -.01    .01        .02      .02        .25        .09        .13      -.04       .01      .15

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............        .1        .07       -.09       -.04       -.01    .01        .01     -.02        .25       -.10        .01      -.08      -.02      .06
     Indiana ................        .3        .06        .05       -.02       -.01    .01        .00      .01        .12        .01       -.06      -.07      -.02      .19
     Michigan ...............        .4        .03       -.01        .13        .02   -.01       -.05      .02        .29       -.09        .06      -.07       .00      .07
     Ohio ...................        .5        .05        .04        .02        .05    .03       -.04     -.01        .24        .02        .02      -.05      -.03      .11
     Wisconsin ..............        .7        .08       -.01       -.08        .04    .16        .00      .02        .29        .04        .05      -.06       .03      .16

   Plains
     Iowa ...................       1.2        .75        .02       -.17        .01    .01        .01      .04        .18        .08        .17      -.06       .01      .15
     Kansas .................        .1        .21        .11       -.12        .08   -.02        .09     -.45        .23       -.01       -.05      -.04       .02      .01
     Minnesota ..............        .7        .02        .21       -.11        .07    .15        .01      .03        .23        .08        .03      -.06       .00      .01
     Missouri ...............        .9        .04       -.01        .02        .07    .06        .01     -.01        .16        .28        .14      -.17       .08      .24
     Nebraska ...............       1.3        .69       -.04       -.02        .06    .04        .04      .02        .19        .11        .15      -.03       .03      .04
     North Dakota ...........       1.4        .93        .07       -.09        .03   -.05        .05      .04        .20        .00        .05      -.03       .01      .21
     South Dakota ...........       1.7       1.13       -.15       -.01        .00   -.05        .02      .02        .25        .02        .19      -.05       .07      .31

   Southeast
     Alabama ................        .3      ---/2        .12       -.08       -.09    .00       -.06      .01        .15        .08       -.06     ---/2       .02      .13
     Arkansas ...............        .8        .28       -.02       -.09        .02    .00        .06      .01        .16        .07        .11       .00       .01      .16
     Florida ................       1.3        .09        .28       -.01       -.01    .10        .04      .02        .37        .15        .09      -.01       .01      .17
     Georgia ................       1.0        .11        .32       -.08       -.14   -.11       -.06      .06        .25        .32        .02       .00       .09      .19
     Kentucky ...............        .2        .20       -.19       -.08       -.03    .02        .00      .00        .10        .11        .09      -.12       .00      .13
     Louisiana ..............        .5        .11        .24       -.03        .02    .06       -.01      .01        .14       -.07       -.05      -.07      -.02      .19
     Mississippi ............        .8        .24        .10       -.15        .03    .07        .02      .04        .14        .19        .00      -.06       .02      .11
     North Carolina .........       1.0        .13        .17       -.02        .03    .01      ---/2    ---/2        .17       -.01        .17      -.02       .03      .34
     South Carolina .........        .2        .05       -.09       -.03        .00   -.04       -.11      .01        .14       -.01        .10      -.05      -.01      .26
     Tennessee ..............        .6       -.01        .02        .08        .02    .10       -.05      .02        .21        .09        .10      -.17       .03      .17
     Virginia ...............       1.0        .05        .19       -.02       -.02    .05       -.09     -.01        .17        .21        .06      -.01      -.01      .44
     West Virginia ..........        .2        .28       -.20        .03        .04   -.05        .03      .01        .14        .08        .03      -.10       .00     -.07

   Southwest
     Arizona ................       1.0       -.03        .19       -.07        .01    .07        .01     -.03        .26        .07        .18      -.03       .04      .35
     New Mexico .............       1.5        .49        .21       -.05        .03    .01        .04      .01        .12        .08        .20       .03      -.01      .33
     Oklahoma ...............        .7       -.01        .10        .03        .13    .15        .02     -.01        .23       -.07       -.02       .04       .05      .06
     Texas ..................       1.2        .32        .14        .00        .00    .02        .10     -.02        .31        .01        .08      -.01       .00      .23

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............        .8        .13        .04       -.11        .00    .00        .01     -.02        .42        .31        .08      -.03       .01     -.02
     Idaho ..................        .9        .12        .21       -.16        .05    .02        .05      .03        .28        .13        .08      -.06       .01      .10
     Montana ................       2.1        .84       -.09        .01        .05    .00        .11      .05        .14        .13        .22      -.04      -.03      .67
     Utah ...................       1.0        .03        .28        .03        .07    .05        .07      .02        .22        .09        .06      -.05       .03      .11
     Wyoming ................       1.3        .95       -.18       -.03        .08   -.05      ---/2    ---/2       -.08        .12        .08      -.06     ---/2      .35

   Far West
     Alaska .................       1.0      ---/2        .31      ---/2      ---/2   -.12       -.08      .02        .15        .06        .39       .05     ---/2      .31
     California .............        .6        .10        .10       -.01        .02    .05       -.04      .02        .28       -.01        .08      -.04      -.01      .03
     Hawaii .................       1.2        .04        .21      ---/2      ---/2    .12        .10      .08        .26        .20        .06       .00       .02      .01
     Nevada .................       1.2        .07        .29        .03        .01    .09       -.04      .00        .29        .13        .15      -.11      -.01      .28
     Oregon .................        .2        .07       -.05       -.06       -.01    .03        .01     -.01        .16        .12        .05      -.02      -.04     -.10
     Washington .............       2.4        .04        .17       -.40       -.02    .06       -.01     1.92        .22        .09        .11      -.01       .01      .25

 BEA regions
   New England ..............        .2        .01       -.09       -.03        .01    .04        .03      .00        .34       -.17        .08      -.05       .01      .05
   Mideast ..................       1.0        .03        .14        .03        .00    .03        .03    ---/2        .41        .10        .07     ---/2       .01      .16
   Great Lakes ..............        .3        .06       -.01        .01        .02    .03       -.02      .00        .24       -.04        .02      -.07      -.01      .10
   Plains ...................        .8        .28        .07       -.07        .06    .06        .02     -.04        .20        .12        .09      -.08       .03      .11
   Southeast ................        .9      ---/2        .16       -.03       -.02    .03      ---/2    ---/2        .22        .13        .07     ---/2       .02      .22
   Southwest ................       1.1        .25        .15       -.01        .02    .04        .08     -.02        .28        .02        .09      -.01       .01      .24
   Rocky Mountain ...........       1.0        .20        .09       -.07        .03    .01      ---/2    ---/2        .31        .22        .09      -.04     ---/2      .09
   Far West .................        .8      ---/2        .11       -.06        .01    .05       -.03      .25        .27        .02        .09      -.04     ---/2      .06
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis