EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EST, Thursday, November 30, 2017
BEA 17—63

* See the navigation bar at the right side of the news release text for links to data tables,
contact personnel and their telephone numbers, and supplementary materials.

Technical: James Rankin (301) 278-9087 (Personal Income) piniwd@bea.gov
  Kyle Brown (301) 278-9086 (PCE) pce@bea.gov
Media: Jeannine Aversa (301) 278-9003   Jeannine.Aversa@bea.gov
Personal income increased $65.1 billion (0.4 percent) in October according to estimates released today
by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $66.1 billion (0.5 percent)
and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $34.4 billion (0.3 percent).

Real DPI increased 0.3 percent in October and Real PCE increased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index increased
0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2 percent.

                                                June     July     Aug.     Sept.     Oct.
                                                   Percent change from preceding month
Personal income:
 Current dollars                                 0.0      0.3     0.2       0.4      0.4
Disposable personal income:
 Current dollars                                 0.0      0.2     0.1       0.4      0.5
 Chained (2009) dollars                         -0.1      0.1    -0.1       0.0      0.3
Personal consumption expenditures (PCE):
 Current dollars                                 0.1      0.4     0.2       0.9      0.3
 Chained (2009) dollars                          0.1      0.3     0.0       0.5      0.1
Price indexes:
 PCE                                             0.0      0.1     0.2       0.4      0.1
 PCE, excluding food and energy                  0.1      0.1     0.1       0.2      0.2

Price indexes:                                     Percent change from month one year ago
 PCE                                             1.4      1.4     1.4       1.7      1.6
 PCE, excluding food and energy                  1.5      1.4     1.3       1.4      1.4

The increase in personal income in October primarily reflected increases in wages and salaries
and personal interest income (table 3).

The $13.1 billion increase in real PCE in October reflected an increase of $11.4 billion in spending
for goods and a $2.7 billion increase in spending for services (table 7). Within goods, other nondurable
goods, which includes prescription drugs and recreational items, was the leading contributor to the
increase. Within services, the largest contributor to the increase was spending for other services,
which includes passenger fares for foreign travel and communication services. Detailed information on
monthly real PCE spending can be found in Table 2.3.6U.

Personal outlays increased $38.7 billion in October (table 3). Personal saving was $457.3 billion in
October and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income,
was 3.2 percent (table 1).

                                Updates to Personal Income and Outlays

Estimates have been revised for April through September. The percent change from the preceding month
for current-dollar personal income, and for current-dollar and chained (2009) dollar DPI and PCE  --
revised and as published in last month's release -- are shown below.

                                                        Change from preceding month
                                                August                                   September
                                Previous   Revised   Previous   Revised   Previous   Revised   Previous   Revised
                               (Billions of dollars)      (Percent)      (Billions of dollars)      (Percent)
Personal income:
 Current dollars                    29.2      36.8        0.2       0.2       66.9      69.1        0.4       0.4
Disposable personal income:
 Current dollars                    14.6      21.1        0.1       0.1       53.0      54.8        0.4       0.4
 Chained (2009) dollars            -13.2      -8.2       -0.1      -0.1       -0.9      -1.9        0.0       0.0
Personal consumption expenditures:
 Current dollars                    17.6      25.5        0.1       0.2      136.0     119.2        1.0       0.9
 Chained (2009) dollars             -8.7      -2.5       -0.1       0.0       76.0      58.5        0.6       0.5

                                QCEW Data Included in the Second Quarter of 2017

This news release includes revised estimates of wages and salaries, personal taxes, and contributions for
government social insurance for April through June 2017 (second quarter). These estimates reflect the
incorporation of the most recently available second-quarter wage and salary tabulations from the Bureau
of Labor Statistics’ Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.

                                Hurricanes Harvey and Irma

The August and September estimates of personal income and outlays reflect the effects of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma.
BEA cannot separately quantify the total impact of the storms on personal income and outlays because most of the
source data used to estimate the components of personal income and outlays do not separately identify storm impacts.
BEA made adjustments to estimates where source data were not yet available or did not fully reflect the effects of
the storms.

For more information on the treatment of disasters within the national income and product accounts, see
“How are the measures of production and income in the national accounts affected by a natural or man-made disaster?”

Personal Income and Outlays Release Dates for 2018

December 2017....January 29             April 2018....May 31            August 2018......September 28
January 2018.....March 1                May 2018......June 29           September 2018...October 29
February 2018....March 29               June 2018.....July 31           October 2018.....November 29
March 2018.......April 30               July 2018.....August 30         November 2018....December 21

                                Next release:  December 22, 2017 at 8:30 A.M. EST
                                   Personal Income and Outlays:  November 2017

                                       Additional Information


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•	Historical time series for these estimates can be accessed in BEA’s Interactive Data Application.
•	Access BEA data by registering for BEA’s Data Application Programming Interface (API).
•	For more on BEA’s statistics, see our monthly online journal, the Survey of Current Business.
•	BEA's news release scheduleNIPA Handbook:  Concepts and Methods of the U.S. National Income and Product Accounts


Personal income is the income received by, or on behalf of, all persons from all sources:  from
participation as laborers in production, from owning a home or business, from the ownership of
financial assets, and from government and business in the form of transfers. It includes income from
domestic sources as well as the rest of world. It does not include realized or unrealized capital gains or

Disposable personal income is the income available to persons for spending or saving. It is equal to
personal income less personal current taxes.

Personal consumption expenditures (PCE) is the value of the goods and services purchased by, or on the
behalf of, “persons” who reside in the United States.

Personal outlays is the sum of PCE, personal interest payments, and personal current transfer payments.

Personal saving is personal income less personal outlays and personal current taxes.

The personal saving rate is personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income.

Current-dollar estimates are valued in the prices of the period when the transactions occurred—that is,
at “market value.” Also referred to as “nominal estimates” or as “current-price estimates.”

Real values are inflation-adjusted estimates—that is, estimates that exclude the effects of price changes.

For more definitions, see the Glossary: National Income and Product Accounts.

Statistical conventions

Annual rates. Monthly and quarterly values are expressed at seasonally-adjusted annual rates (SAAR).
Dollar changes are calculated as the difference between these SAAR values. For detail, see the FAQ
“Why does BEA publish estimates at annual rates?”

Month-to-month percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are not annualized.

Quarter-to-quarter percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are displayed at annual
rates. For detail, see the FAQ “How is average annual growth calculated?”

Quantities and prices. Quantities, or “real” volume measures, and prices are expressed as index
numbers with a specified reference year equal to 100 (currently 2009). Quantity and price indexes are
calculated using a Fisher-chained weighted formula that incorporates weights from two adjacent
periods (quarters for quarterly data and annuals for annual data). “Real” dollar series are calculated by
multiplying the published quantity index by the current dollar value in the reference year (2009) and
then dividing by 100. Percent changes calculated from real quantity indexes and chained-dollar levels
are conceptually the same; any differences are due to rounding.

Chained-dollar values are not additive because the relative weights for a given period differ from those
of the reference year.