U.S. Economy at a Glance:Perspective from the BEA Accounts
BEA produces some of the most closely watched economic statistics that influence decisions of government officials, business people, and individuals. These statistics provide a comprehensive, up-to-date picture of the U.S. economy. The data on this page are drawn from featured BEA economic accounts.
National Economic Accounts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
- 2nd quarter 2017: 3.0 percent
- 1st quarter 2017: 1.2 percent
September 28, 2017
Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 3.0 percent in the second quarter of 2017, according to the "second" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP increased 1.2 percent.
- July 2017: 0.4 percent (personal income)
- June 2017: 0.0 percent (personal income)
September 29, 2017
In July 2017, real disposable personal income increased 0.2 percent.
Industry Economic Accounts
Quarterly Industry Accounts: GDP by Industry
Real estate and rental and leasing; mining; and durable goods manufacturing were the leading contributors to the increase in U.S. economic growth in the first quarter of 2017. According to gross domestic product (GDP) by industry statistics released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, 13 of 22 industry groups contributed to the overall 1.4 percent increase in real GDP in the first quarter.
International Economic Accounts
U.S. Balance of Payments (International Transactions)
Current Account Balance:
- 2nd quarter 2017: -$123.1 billion
- 1st quarter 2017: -$113.5 billion
December 19, 2017
The U.S. current-account deficit increased $9.6 billion to $123.1 billion (preliminary) in the second quarter of 2017.
International Investment Position
Net International Investment Position at End of Period:
- End of 1st quarter 2017: -$8,141.2 billion
- End of 4th quarter 2016: -$8,318.4 billion
- End of Year 2016: -$8,318.4 billion
- End of Year 2015: -$7,493.5 billion
September 27, 2017
The U.S. net international investment position increased to -$8,141.2 billion (preliminary) at the end of the first quarter of 2017 from -$8,318.4 billion (revised) at the end of the fourth quarter of 2016, according to statistics released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).
International Trade in Goods and Services
- July 2017: -$43.7 billion
- June 2017: -$43.5 billion
October 5, 2017
Total July exports of $194.4 billion and imports of $238.1 billion resulted in a goods and services deficit of $43.7 billion.
New Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
Expenditures by foreign direct investors to acquire, establish, or expand U.S. businesses totaled $373.4 billion in 2016. Spending was down 15 percent from $439.6 billion in 2015, but was above the annual average of $350.0 billion for 2014-2015, and was well above the annual average of $226.0 billion for 2006-2008. As in previous years, expenditures to acquire existing businesses accounted for a large majority of the total.
Regional Economic Accounts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State
November 21, 2017
Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased in 43 states and the District of Columbia in the first quarter of 2017. Real GDP by state growth in the first quarter ranged from 3.9 percent in Texas to -4.0 percent in Nebraska.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Metropolitan Area
Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased in 267 out of 382 metropolitan areas in 2016. Real GDP by metropolitan area growth ranged from 8.1 percent in Lake Charles, LA and Bend-Redmond, OR to –13.3 percent in Odessa, TX. Real GDP for U.S. metropolitan areas grew 1.7 percent in 2016, led by growth in professional and business services; information services; and finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing.
State Personal Income (SPI)
September 26, 2017
State personal income growth accelerated to 1.0 percent on average in the first quarter of 2017 from 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. Earnings and personal current transfer receipts were the leading contributors to growth for the nation and in most states.
Local Area Personal Income
November 16, 2017
Local area data:
Personal income grew in 2015 in 2,552 counties, fell in 548, and was unchanged in 13. On average, personal income rose 4.7 percent in 2015 in the metropolitan portion of the United States and rose 2.7 percent in the nonmetropolitan portion. Personal income growth in 2015 ranged from -30.3 percent in Sully County, South Dakota to 35.0 percent in Loving County, Texas.
Local Area Data
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Real Personal Income for States and Metropolitan Areas
State and Metropolitan area data:
Real state personal income grew on average 4.1 percent in 2015, after increasing 3.6 percent in 2014. Growth of real state personal income ranged from -2.3 percent in North Dakota to 7.0 percent in Delaware. Across metropolitan areas, growth ranged from -10.1 percent in Midland, TX to 9.9 percent in Carson City, NV.
Personal Consumption Expenditures by State
Growth in state personal consumption expenditures (PCE) - the measure of goods and services purchased by or on behalf of households - decelerated to 3.6 percent on average in 2015 from 4.4 percent in 2014. In 2015, PCE growth ranged from 1.5 percent in Wyoming to 5.0 percent in Florida.